Zimbabwe is a historic archaeological site located in Zimbabwe.
It was constructed by the Bantu civilization to protect the
political elites of their society. The reserve area of Great
Zimbabwe was included in the UNESCO World Heritage list in 1986. Great
Zimbabwe is one of the most impressive archeological site
situated 30 km from the modern city of Masvingo in South- East
Zimbabwe. The total area of Great Zimbabwe covers an area of 722 hectares
(1,780 acres). It is believed that over 10,000 people of Bantu/ Shona tribes used to live around the great enclosure. Although
little is known about Bantu civilization it is possible that the
enclosure itself housed only about 300 to 400 people that
included king, his court, servants as well as a small garrison
of personal guard. Other subjects lived outside of the central
citadel of Great Zimbabwe in small stone houses spread around the central palace.
The construction of this impressive complex began
in the 11th century and was completed in 14th century. It served
as a capital for the local kings. The walls buildings and palace
of the Zimbabwean monarch were constructed with boulders without
use of a mortar. The walls reached a height of 36 feet (10
didn't have a traditional city gates. Instead the builders of
military fortifications made the entrance extremely small. Only
single line of humans could walk inside the Great Zimbabwe.
Anyone who tried to squeeze through the entrance of the city was
attacked by warriors from the inside of the city and defenders
from the walls.