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Location: Zimbabwe and Zambia
Height: 354 ft (108 m)
Age: 200 million years
Description of Victoria Falls
Victoria Falls is an impressive waterfall situated on the border
between Zimbabwe and Zambia. It is one of the most famous natural
landmarks on the African continent. Victoria Falls was formed 200
million years ago due to geological shifts of plated underneath the
Zambezi river. Victoria Falls reaches a height of 354 ft (108 m).
The first European traveler and missionary who visited Victoria
Falls on 16th November 1855 was a Scottish doctor, missionary and an
explorer David Livingstone. He was also the one who named it
Victoria after famous British Queen Victoria who ruled over United
Kingdom at the time. Victoria Falls were rarely visited until 1905
when a railroad was built in its vicinity.
The local native
tribes that lived around Victoria Falls called it "Mosi-oa-Tunya"
that means "Cloud that Thunders". It wasn't considered sacred, but
many tribes superstitious feared approaching these lands. It is
probably more descriptive name given that the sound of rushing water
can be heard at the distance of 40 kilometers. Mist from the falling
water can reach a height of 400 meters. Today Victoria Falls are on
the UNESCO World Heritage List and protected by the official of both
Zambia and Zimbabwe.