Bhawal National Park

Bhawal National Park


Location: Gazipur, Dhaka Division     Map

Area: 5022 hectares

Entrance Fee: 6 Taka

Car: 30 Taka, Minivan 50 Taka


Description of Bhawal National Park

Bhawal National Park is situated 40km north of Dhaka city near Gazipur in the Dhaka Division of Bangladesh. Bhawal National Park covers an area of 5022 hectares. Currently the park undergoes major changes on its grounds. The park over past decades became overrun by local displaced people who extracted firewood, hunted animals to extinction and found shelter on its ground. All these seem to change in the next few years. The administration of the park introduced quiet or silent zones within the park to keep local people from playing music, celebrating events and thus scarring animals away from this region. Additionally several species were reintroduced to the park including fishing cats, spotted deer, peacocks, several species of pythons and etc. Overall the park contains over 13 species of mammals, 9 reptiles, 5 amphibians, 5 avis and over 220 plant species.
The easiest way to get to the Bhawal National Park is to rent a car or a bus if you in the group. If you are on more adventurous and quiet frankly kind of stupid side, you can a local bus from a Mohakhali bus station in the town of Dhaka heading for Mymensingh. After spending about an hour in a packed bus with humans and possibly animals, you will see an entrance to the park. Going back is just as tricky.



Bhawal National Park was established and maintained as a National Park in 1974; it was officially declared in 1982 under the Wildlife Act 1974. Originally it was the forest of Madhupur under the management of Bhawal Estate. The park is located in Gazipur, Dhaka subdivision of Bangladesh, about 40 km north of Dhaka city, only 20 km from Gazipur and 20 km from Kapasia. The core area of the park covers an area of 940 hectares but extends to 5,022 hectares of surrounding forest. Its purpose is to protect important habitat areas as well as provide breeding opportunities for species. The park has been listed in IUCN Management Class V as a protected area. The most common flora is the unique salpice forest. The area is also known for its fauna including peacocks, tigers, leopards, black panthers, elephants, clouded leopards and sambar deer. However, much of the wildlife has disappeared and now only a few species remain. In addition, most of the forests have been wiped out and are currently occupied by forestry companies or by migrants.

Fifty years ago, most of this area was covered with forests and the dominant species was Sal (Shorea Robusta). Illegal deforestation has reduced the remaining forest area to about 600 kmĀ², and now new trees and forests have been replanted.



The park has 345 species of plants, including 152 different species of trees, 53 shrubs, 106 herbs, and 34 species of climbing plants. Wildlife in the park includes 13 mammals, 9 reptiles, 5 birds and 5 amphibians. In addition, the Forest Department recently introduced peacocks, deer, pythons and catfish.