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Location: West Java  Map

Area: 155 km2

Gunung Ciremai National Park

Gunung Ciremai National Park






Gunung Ciremai National Park is a biosphere reserve situated in the West Java Island in Indonesia. Gunung Ciremai National Park covers a total area of 155 km2.


The shape of the Gunung Ciremai National Park region tends to rise, with a long axis almost exactly north-south, and with three longitudinal ridges similar to the cape in the north, west and southwest. This region is between the longitude of 108 ° 21'35 "-108 ° 28'00" East Longitude and latitudes of 6 ° 50'25 "-6 ° 58'26" LS. The topography is mostly bumpy (64%) and steep (22%), mountainous, with the highest peak at an altitude of 3078 m asl.

The TNGC area is partly included in the Kuningan Regency area (8,931.27 ha), and partly in the Majalengka Regency area (6,927.9 ha). However, the area of ​​TNGC which is legally valid and in accordance with the Forestry Minister's Decree is ± 15,500 Ha. In the north the forest area is bordered by the area of ​​Cirebon Regency; while the boundaries on the east side are located in the districts of Cilimus, Jalaksana, and Kramatmulya. In the south, these boundaries are in the areas of Cigugur, Kadugede, Nusaherang, and Darma; in the west are in the Majalengka region.




In this Ceremai Mountain region, the forest below 1,000 m was originally a production forest area managed by Perhutani KPH Kuningan. These forests have been turned into pine plantations and several other types of wood trees. While forests at an altitude of 1,000 m above were previously protected forests, some of which have been damaged disturbed by volcanic eruptions, and then by community activities and forest fires. Based on the climatic conditions, these mountain forests can be distinguished from wet highland forests in the south (Cigugur and its surroundings) and drier upland forests in the north in the Setianegara region and beyond.

The forest in the wet mountain zone from Cigugur to the top of Ceremai is quite rich in tree species. Among these are species of saninten (Castanopsis argentea, C. javanica, C. tungurrut) and pairs (Lithocarpus elegans and L. sundaicus) of the Fagaceae tribe; jenitri (Elaeocarpus obtusus, E. petiolatus and E. stipularis), Elaeocarpaceae tribe; mara (Macaranga denticulata) and kareumbi (Omalanthus populneus), Euphorbiaceae tribe; various types (Symplocos fasciculata, S. spicata, S. sessilifolia, S. theaefolia), Symplocaceae; types of figs (including Ficus padana and F. racemosa), Moraceae; puspa (Schima wallichii) and ki broom (Eurya acuminata), Theaceae; and others.

Elfin shrub (subalpin) near the top of Ceremai
In the drier parts of Setianegara, forests are dominated by types of riots or medang (Litsea spp.), Saninten (C. argentea and C. javanica), mara (Macaranga tanarius), mareme (Glochidion sp.), Bingbin (Pinanga javana), and pandan gunung (Pandanus sp.). In the upper part of the montana zone, dominance of the jamuju (Dacrycarpus imbricatus, Podocarpaceae) forms a special vegetation belt.




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