Gunung Rinjani National Park

Gunung Rinjani National Park

Location: West Nusa Tenggara Map

Area: 413.30 km²


Gunung Rinjani National Park is a nature reserve in West Nusa Tenggara in Indonesia. Gunung Rinjani National Park covers several volcanoes and surrounding biosphere with an area of 413.30 km². The Mount Rinjani ( Gunung Rinjani ), which is the third highest mountain in Indonesia with 3,726 meters above sea level , is located within the park and gives its name to the park.

Some of the endangered plants protected in this national park such as: Pterospermum javanicum, Swietenia macrophylla , Ficus superba , Toona sureni , Vanda sp. Usnea sp and Anaphalis sp.

There are also several endangered animal species protected in this area, including the sambar of Java , Muntíaco of India , porcupine of Java , surili monkeys , Timor's filemon , several cockatoos and the Lombok honeycomb.


Mount Rinjani has a number of mysteries. One of the biggest mysteries is Dewi Anjani . Dewi Anjani is said to be a direct descendant of King Selaparang the result of the marriage of the King to a delicate creature who settled on Mount Rinjani when he begged for the rain for his region because of the long drought that struck the Selaparang kingdom at that time. That's why until now the Sasak and Hindu Dharma people on Lombok Island often perform the Mulang Pekelem ritual, which is the ritual of begging rain to Dewi Anjani by giving offerings in the form of golden plates in the form of all kinds of water creatures by sinking into the lake of Segara Anak.