Ermak Travel Guide

 

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Iran

 

Iran Destinations Travel Guide

 

 

 

Flag of Iran

Language: Persian

Currency: Rial (IRR)

Calling Code: 98

 

 

 

Iran, whose official name is the Islamic Republic of Iran (in Persian, جمهوری اسلامی ایران), is a State of the Middle East and Western Asia. From the 1st millennium B.C. until 1935 was known in the West as Persia, although today this name is still valid and accepted along with that of Iran. It borders Pakistan and Afghanistan in the east; Turkmenistan by the northeast; the Caspian Sea to the north; Azerbaijan and Armenia by the northwest; Turkey and Iraq to the west and, finally, to the coast of the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman to the south.

It is the eighteenth largest country in the world with 1 648 195 km², Iran has a population of almost 80 million people of various ethnicities. It is a country with significant importance in geopolitics to be between the Middle East, Central Asia and South Asia. Tehran is the capital, as well as being the political, industrial, commercial and cultural center of the country. Iran is a regional power to which its large reserves of hydrocarbons (fourth oil reserves and first gas reserves worldwide) confer a situation of potential power superpower and have been reporting for decades a substantial oil income.

The ethnic diversity of the people of Iran, such as Persian, Kurdish, Turkish, lor, Arabic, Turkmen and Balochi, among others, are part of the Iranian culture and have provided a special attraction to this vast territory. Iran, next to Iraq, is the home of the oldest civilizations. The first known dynasties in western Iran are those of Elam, from 2800 BC. The Medes formed the first empire that encompassed the "Great Iran" in 625 BC. These were succeeded by the Achaemenid Empire, hellenized by the Seleucids after the conquest by Alexander the Great and then recentrated in autochthonous references by the successive empires of the Arsacid and Sassanid births. Muslims conquer it in 651 AD with the result of the diffusion of the Persian language throughout the Iranian Plateau and of different aspects of the Iranian culture throughout the Islamic world.

In 1501 the emergence of the Safavi dynasty produced the replacement of Sunni Islam, until then majority, by Twelver Shiism as the official religion of the kingdom, as well as intense persecution of most Sufi brotherhoods developed after the Mongol invasion of the twelfth century. Under the government of Nader Shah, begun in 1736, Iran reached its greatest territorial extension since the Sassanid era. During the nineteenth century, Iran lost large amounts of territory in the Russo-Persian War (1804-1813) to the Russian Empire in the Caucasus.At the beginning of the twentieth century, the Constitutional Revolution of 1906 established the first legislative assembly in the country (and of the Asian continent), submitting the monarchical power to a constitution. In 1953, Prime Minister Mosaddeq - who had nationalized oil two years earlier - was overthrown by a coup d'état, orchestrated by the United Kingdom and the United States, which allowed Sha Reza Pahlevi to have greater power over the national government. The monarchy came to an end in 1979, through a popular revolution that led to an Islamic revolution, ending up being led by Shiites, led by Khomeini, which led to the establishment of an Islamic republic on April 1, 1979. 2015 the Joint and Complete Action Plan was signed with the P5 + 1 on Iran's nuclear program.

Iran is a founding member of the United Nations, Non-Aligned Movement, Organization for Islamic Cooperation and OPEC. The political system of Iran is based on the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of 1979, which regulates the relations between the different organs of government. The highest state authority is the Supreme Leader of Iran, although the day-to-day management of the administration is the responsibility of the president. The official religion and language of the country are, respectively, the Twelver Islam and the Persian.

 

Travel Destination in Iran

 

Arg-é Bam

Arg- e Bam is a medieval adobe fortress in the Kerman province of Iran.

 

Chogha Zanbil

Chogha Zanbil is a site of a massive ancient Elamite religious buildings.

 

Persepolis

Persepolis is an Ancient capital of the Persian Empire destroyed by Alexander the Great as a revenge for burning Athens.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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