Description of Baghdad

Baghdad (Arabic بغداد Baghdad, DMG Baġdād, Kurdish بەغدا Bexda, of Persian "gift of the Lord" or "God's gift", according baġ, "God" or "Lord", and dād, "Gabe") is the capital of Iraq and of the same governorate. It has a population of 5.4 million inhabitants (2010). It is one of the largest cities in the Middle East. In the metropolitan area, which extends far beyond the borders of the governorate, 11.8 million people live (2010), which corresponds to about 40 percent of the total population of Iraq.

The city is the political, economic and cultural center of the country and the seat of the Iraqi government, the parliament, all state and religious central authorities and numerous diplomatic representations. Baghdad is the most important transportation hub in Iraq and has numerous universities, colleges, theaters, museums and monuments.


The Iraqi capital is located approximately in the middle of the country on average 40 meters above sea ​​level. It stretches along the middle reaches of the Tigris, which is navigable to Baghdad. The river divides the city in half, the eastern part of Risafa and the western part of Karch. The land is very shallow and due to periodic flooding of alluvial origin. The Tigris River, on whose banks Baghdad lies, is an important trade route for the city. In Baghdad, some run through the fertile Crescent, a precipitous winter rainfall, north of the Syrian Desert and north of the Arabian Peninsula, leading trade routes. Together with the Euphrates, the Tigris, whose catchment area covers 375,000 square kilometers, forms the Mesopotamia, where some of the first advanced civilizations developed.