Bethlehem is widely known as a birthplace of Jesus Christ. It was on the outskirts of the Old City where the Virgin May gave birth. Located 6 miles (10 km) south of Jerusalem the city lies in the central West Bank. At the entrance to the city there is a Rachel’s tomb, a matriarch of Jewish people. Bethlehem is also known as a birth place and coronation site of king David. Although there is no exact location for either events of the legendary king.



Location: 10 km (6 mi) South of Jerusalem  Map


Tomb of Rachel

Bethlehem is considered to be resting place of matriarch of Jewish people, Rachel.


Church of Nativity

The Church of Nativity was first build by queen Helen in the 4th century AD and later rebuild by Justinian I in the 6th century AD. It is a common roman basilica with next generations adding and repairing parts of it. The Gothic church of Saint Catherine was later added by the Roman Catholic church. The cave where Jesus was born has an altar with a star underneath it marking the spot of birth. Judging by the gospels the family of Joseph and Mary could not found the place to sleep inside the city so they found a safe haven on the outskirts in a cave. It was actually a common practice to sleep in cave with animals abandoning the house for the night to escape the heat of the night. In fact this practice is still carried on by the Bedouins of the desert.