Israel Destinations Travel Guide

Flag of Israel

Language: Hebrew, Arabic

Currency: Shekel (ILS)

Calling code: 972



Israel - officially State of Israel (in Hebrew: מְדִינַת יִשְרָאֵל) - is a sovereign country in the Middle East that It is located on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea. It borders Lebanon to the north, Syria and Jordan to the east, Palestine to the east in the West Bank and west in the Gaza Strip, with Egypt to the southwest and the Gulf of Aqaba to the south, in the Red Sea. With a population of almost 9 million inhabitants, 3 most of whom are Jews, Israel is the only Jewish state in the world. It is also home to Arab Muslims, Christians, Druze and Samaritans, as well as other religious groups and ethnic minorities. The capital, seat of government and largest city in the country is Jerusalem; The main economic and financial center is located in Tel Aviv-Yafo and the largest industrial center is located in Haifa.


The modern State of Israel identifies its roots with the ancient Land of Israel (ארץ ישראל Eretz Yisrael), a central concept for Judaism for more than 3000 years. After the First World War and during the partition of the Ottoman Empire, the League of Nations approved the British Mandate of Palestine with the intention of creating a "national home for the Jewish people". In 1947, the United Nations approved the partition of Palestine into two states, one Jewish and one Arab. On May 14, 1948, the State of Israel declared its independence, which was followed by the Arab-Israeli War of 1948 with the neighboring Arab countries, which refused to accept the UN plan. Successive victories in a series of subsequent wars confirmed their independence and extended the borders of the Jewish state beyond the provisions of the United Nations Partition Plan. Since then, Israel has been in conflict with many of the neighboring Arab countries, with several wars and decades of violence that continue to this day. Since its founding, the borders of Israel and even the right to exist of the State itself It has been subject to controversy, especially among its Arab neighbors. However, Israel has signed peace treaties with Egypt and Jordan, and efforts are being made to reach a permanent agreement with the Palestinian National Authority.


Travel Destination in Israel

Acre or Akko

Ancient Akko is a historic part of the modern Acre that is considered one of the most beautiful cities in the Holy Land.


The city of Aphek or Afek is located 15 km from Tel Aviv on a road 483. Its name is derived from a Hebrew word for "springs" as it was the main strategic feature of the town.


Ruins of ancient Apollonia in Israel are situated on a beaches of the sea.


Ashkelon contains ruins from the Bronze Age to medieval Crusader fortifications.

Beit Alpha

Beit Alpha Synagogue hold some of the best preserved mosaics in the Middle East.

Belvoir Castle

Ruins of Belvoir Castle built by the Crusaders is a textbook example of European military fortifications.

Beth Shean

Ruins of ancient Scythopolis at Beth Shean in Israel will take a whole day to explore.


Bethlehem in Israel harbors Rachel's tomb and claims as a birth town of Jesus Christ.


Caesarea was a major ancient Roman port in the region and a seat of procurator. Including the most famous of all Pontius Pilate.


Capernaum is an ancient Jewish settlement where Jesus Christ led some of his sermons.


Ein Avdat National Park

Ein Avdat National Park is an oasis of protected wild life in a vast Israeli desert.


Ein Gedi National Park

Ein Gedi is an oasis to the West of the Dead Sea in close proximity to Masada plateau and Qumran caves.


Ancient ruins of Eleutheropolis are situated not far from the Jerusalem.

Ein Fara

Christian Orthodox monastery at El Fara is merely a small portion of a huge monastic community that once existed here.

Ein Karem

Ein Karem was found during the Bronze Era, but it is particularly famous as a birth place of John the Baptist.

Gorny Monastery

Gorny Monastery is a Russian Orthodox Monastery in Ein Karem, 7 km to the South West of Jerusalem.


Herodium is and ancient castle built by Herod the Great and his final resting place.


Jericho is probably the oldest site that was continually inhabitant by humans.


Jerusalem in Israel is without a doubt holiest city in the World venerated by three major World religions.

Jezreel Valley

Jezreel Valley is a large valley in the south region of the Lower Galilee in Israel.

Mar Saba Monastery

Mar Saba Monastery is one of the earliest Christian monasteries in the World. It is located 17 km (11 mi) East of Bethlehem in Israel.


Abandoned underground city of Maresha is probably more impressive than what is left above ground.


Masada is a palace of Herod the Great that became infamous as a site of Jewish struggle against the Roman empire.


Megiddo has been settled for the past 9000 years, but it became thanks to Bible as a site of the final battle between good and evil.

Mount of Beatitudes

Mount of Beatitudes is famous as the site where Jesus Christ preached his famous teaching that became known as the Sermon on the Mount.

Nebi Musa

Nebi Musa according to the Muslim tradition is the resting place of Moses who died on the border of the Holy Land.

Nimrod Fortress

Massive medieval Nimrod Fortress holds strategic location on top of the mountain.


Qumran is a home to an ancient Jewish groups that latter influences monastic movement in Europe.


Hippos or Sussita is an ancient archaeological site in Israel situated on the bank of Sea of Galilee.


Tabgha is the site where Jesus fed 5,000 followers with five loaves of bread and two fishes. 


Tiberias is a historic town located on the Western side of the sea of Galilee. 

Yardenit Baptismal Site

Yardenit Baptismal Site is an alleged site of baptism of Jesus Christ as it was described in the New Testament. Actually the real site of baptismal is in Qasr el Yahud

Judaean Desert

Judaean Desert stretches from Jerusalem to the Dead Sea. Despite its barren appearance it has one of the most historic buildings it the Holy Land.



-this is not your state college, nobody cares about your solution for Middle East crisis. Stay Swiss for your own safety.

-mid-spring to early summer is probably the best time to go. It is usually warm during the day and semi-arid soil holds some moisture.

-drink plenty of bottled water

-cold beer is not available in Muslim quarters, alcohol also dehydrates your body by decreasing ADH (anti- diuretic hormone) so it is not the best way to cool yourself in a hot climate

- wear plenty of sunscreen

-cover your head and sunglasses. Sun can be unforgiving and affect you unexpectedly

-even in summer nights can be cold

-wear insect repellant