Angono Petroglyphs


Location: Kabayan, Rizal Province Map

Created: Ibaloi tribe


Description of Angono Petroglyphs


Angono Petroglyphs are oldest example of art in the Philippines. Angono Petroglyphs are situated in a cave not far from Kabayan, Rizal Province and date back to 6000 to 2000 BC. Archeologists discovered over 120 figures of humans, frogs, lizards and many other animals. However erosion and time erased some of the figures so it is hard to tell how many there were originally there. Ancient people probably used these symbols for religious practices and ceremonies. Numerous engravings cover rock face of 25 meters in length and 3.7 meters in height. Ancient Angono Petroglyphs were re- discovered in 1965 and in 1973 it was declared a National Cultural Treasure.


The petroglyphs of Angono are found in the mountainous part of the municipality near the municipal boundary to Antipolo City and Binangonan. They were carved into the tufa of the mountain under a rocky outcrop that is 632 meters long, 4.68 meters high and 8.2 meters deep. The petroglyphs cover the rock wall from a length of 25 meters to a height of 3.70 meters. A total of 127 figures have been identified that have 51 different features. According to the general view, they represent children and adolescents. Similar style elements could also be found in petroglyphs in Thailand, Sulawesi and Malaysia. The engravings were made over a long period of time because the figures have no connection features in their orientation and size. For the artists and Neolithic viewers, they probably had spiritual meaning. According to the results of the investigation by the National Museum of the Philippines, the petroglyphs originated in the late Neolithic period, around 3000 to 2000 BC. A faded rock painting could also be discovered at a point on the rock wall.

Petroglyphs from Bontoc
The Bontoc petroglyphs were discovered in the area of ​​the Alab barangay. They were engraved by pecking into boulders, which are located in prominent places in the Cordillera Central. The elements were identified as female genitals and have typical features of the representation from the Polynesian settlement area. Her age was estimated to be 3,500 years or younger.

Rock paintings
There are rock paintings in three different locations in the Philippines. These are the Peñablanca Caves in the north of Luzon Island, the Singnapan Caves in the south of Palawan Island and on the Anda Peninsula, Bohol Province. There are two different painting techniques. While charcoal was used for drawing in Peñablanca and the Singnapan caves, red iron-containing hematite was used on the Anda Peninsula. An age determination of the rock paintings is still pending.