Mecca (مكة المكرمة)



Location: Makkah province  Map


Description of Mecca

Mecca or Makkah situated in Makkah province of Saudi Arabia. It is the holiest and sacred city for the Muslims. In fact pilgrimage here or hajj is one of the five pillars of Islam. Every year over 3 million of believers come here during the month of Dhu'l-Hijjah and over 15 millions in total. Interestingly all Muslims pray every day in direction of this sacred city. In fact incredible growth in algebra, mathematics and astronomy in the Arab World were partially influenced by a requirement for all people to pray regardless of their location around the World.
Mecca is known as the hometown of Prophet Muhammad and only Muslims are allowed to visit holiest shrines in Mecca. Many Europeans managed to sneak in, but it is a risky business and not advisable even today. The religious center of Mecca is Masjid al-Haram (Sacred Mosque) that contains a large cuboid shaped building known as Kabba. Kaaba according to tradition was constructed around 2000 BC by Ibrahim (Biblical Abraham) with the help of his son Ishmael (son of Hagar).