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Sukhothai Historic Park

 

Sukhothai Historic Park is situated 13 km (8 mi) West of New Sukhothai, Sukhothai Province in Thailand. This park covers an area of 213.2 km².

 

 

 

Location: 13 km (8 mi) West of New Sukhothai, Sukhothai Province

Open: 6am- 9pm daily

Info: TAT, Phitsanulok

Tel. 0-5525-2743

Area: 213.2 km²

Ramkamhaeng National Museum

Open: 8:30am- 4:30 pm Wed- Sun

 

 

 

History of Sukhothai Historic Park

Buddhist temples of Sukhothai were recognized as World Heritage Site under supervision of UNESCO. The name of the medieval capital is translated as "the Bloom of happiness" in Pali language. Sukhothai was found in 1238 by general Intraday in cooperation with other military officials to drive out Khmer rule from the region. It became the capital of the Sukhothai kingdom that became the first Thai state on the territories that were formerly owned by Khmer rulers of Cambodia. City flourished for two centuries becoming an influential religious and political center of the region. Founders of the Sukhothai Kingdom introduced several changes to lives of people. For one they introduced Thai alphabet that is used today. Additionally they accepted Buddhism of Theravada School as a national religion of the country. Additionally they expelled many of the followers of the Khmer Hindu religion. Sukhothai kingdom was conquered and absorbed by the Thai kingdom of Ayutthaya.

 

 

Sukhothai Archaeological Site

Sukhothai Archaeological Site covers a total area of 213.2 km² and is divided into 5 parts. The most prominent part of the ancient city is its central region that contains largest collection of religious and civic buildings. The largest religious building in Sukhothai is a temple of Wat Mahāthāt (2). It is a spiritual complex consisting of several temples, shrines and more than 200 chedi or stupas. Most of them were preserved despite years of neglect and abandonment. Wat Mahāthāt complex is surrounded by lakes with water lilies and lotuses.

 

Wat Phra Phai Luang (11) in the Northern part of Sukhothai complex is one of the oldest temples on the site. It was constructed by the Khmers and combines traditional elements from several religious including Buddhism and Hinduism. The Temple consists of three high phrangov (stupa in a shape of corn). It is a classic Khmer architecture.

 

At Wat Si Chum (14) in the North part of Sukhothai you can see the largest statue of Buddha from Sukhothai era and of the largest in the history of Thailand. It measures 11 meters in width and height of 15 meters. Local legend claims that at the time of its construction pilgrims could climb a ladder to the top of the temple. There they spoke with Buddha that visited people and talked with them.

 

In the Easter part of Sukhothai you can see Wat Chang Lom (15). Its name is translated as "temple surrounded by elephants". It is easily recognisable by the raw of elephants in its base. It is a common feature of Sri Lanka influence. Missionaries from this island nation off the coast of India came to Thailand and spread Buddhism here. Another interesting temple in the Easter part of Sukhothai is Wat Saphan Hin (26) temple situated on a hilltop. Its name is translated as "the temple of the stone bridge" due to a path to the building that is paved with stone slabs.

 

Sukhothai Historic Park Map Layout
  1. King Ramkhamhaeng Monument

  2. Wat Mahāthāt

  3. Ramkhamhaeng National Museum

  4. Wat Traphang Ngoen

  5. Wat Sri Sawai (Wat Sri Svāya)

  6. Wat Traphang Thong

  7. Wat Sra Sri (Wat Sa Si)

  8. Wat Chana Songkhrām

  9. Wat Trakuan

  10. San Ta Pha Daeng (Ta Pha Daeng Shrine)

  11. Wat Phra Phai Luang

  12. Turiang Kilns

  13. Wat Sangkhawat (Wat Sanghāvāsa)

  14. Wat Si Chum

  15. Wat Chang Lom

  16. Wat Thraphang Thong Lang

  17. Wat Chedi Sung

  18. Wat Kon Laeng

  19. Wat Ton Chan

  20. Wat Chetuphon

  21. Wat Chedi Si Hong

  22. Wat Si Phichit Kirati Kanlayaram (Sri Vicitrakirtikanlyārāma)

  23. Wat Wihan Thong,

  24. Wat Asokaram

  25. Wat Mum Langka

  26. Wat Saphan Hin

  27. Wat Aranyik (Wat Arannika)

  28. Wat Chang Rop

  29. Wat Chedi Ngam

  30. Wat Tham Hip

  31. Wat Mangkon

  32. Wat Phra Yuen

  33. Wat Pa Mamuang

  34. Wat Thuek

  35. Phra Ruang Dam

 

 

 

 

 

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