Ermak Travel Guide

 

The World at your fingertips 

 

 

Feel free to leave your comments below. If you want to share your knowledge, additional information or experience in a particular place your input is more than welcome.

 

 

Edirne

Edirne

Edirne is a beautiful historic town in the Edirne Province of Turkey. It is famous for its majestic Muslim mosques that define city scape.

 

 

 

 

Location: Edirne Province

 

 

 

 

Travel destinations in Edirne

Selimiye Mosque (Edirne)

Mimar Sinan Cad

Tel. (0284) 213 97 35

Open: daily

Closed: prayer times

Beyazit II Mosque (Edirne)

 

Kulliyesi Yeni Maharet Cad

Open: daily

Health Museum

Tel. (0284) 212 09 22

Open: 9:30am- 5:30pm daily

 

 

Old Mosque (Edirne)

Talat Pasa Asfalti
Open: daily

Rustem Pasa Caravanserai (Edirne)

Iki Kapili Han Cad 57

Tel. (0284) 212 61 19

 

Mosque of the Three Balconies (Edirne)

 

Hukumet Cad

Open: daily

Muradiye Mosque (Edirne)

Kucukpazar Cad

Open: daily

 

Museum of Turkish and Islamic Arts (Edirne)

Kadir Pasa Mektep Sok

Tel. (0284) 225 11 20

Open: 8:30am- nooon & 1:30pm- 5:30pm Tue- Sun

 

 

History

The city of Adrianople (Greek. Aδριανούπολις, lat. Hadrianopolis) was founded by the Roman Emperor Hadrian [3]on the site of a Thracian settlement, which bore the name of Uskudama and was the capital of the Kingdom of Odrissa. 9 August 378 year near Adrianople happened battle Roman army under the command Emperor Valens with Goths. The Romans were completely defeated, the Emperor Valens killed.

Until the XI century, the city was the center of the eponymous Archdiocese of the Patriarchate of Constantinople.

On April 14, 1205, a battle took place between the crusaders led by Baldwin I and the combined Bulgarian-Polovtsian army led by the Bulgarian king Kaloyan, which ended in a complete defeat of the crusaders.

In 1362, the city was captured by the Ottoman Turks. From 1365 to 1453 Adrianople-Edirne was the capital of the Ottoman state. During the wars of the Ottoman Empire with Austria, Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, Russia in the XVI-XVIII centuries was the main gathering place of the Ottoman army.

With the outbreak of the Greek liberation war in 1821, the Turks hanged the deposed Patriarch of Constantinople, Cyril VI, here, along with a group of other Greek adrianopleans. Russian Russian troops occupied the city twice during the Russo-Turkish wars: in 1829 and in 1878. In 1829, the peace of Adrianople was concluded in The city.

During the first Balkan war in 1913, after a long siege, Adrianople was taken by Bulgarian troops and by the Treaty of London (1913) passed to Bulgaria. As a result Of the second Balkan war returned to the Ottoman Empire.

After the First world war and according to the provisions of the peace of Sevres, the city, like almost all of Eastern Thrace, was part of the Kingdom of Greece in 1920-1922. But according to the Lausanne agreements, the Greeks were forced to hand over the city in 1923 to the Turkish Republic.

Edirne was one of the stops of the Orient Express.