Marmaris Castle

Marmaris Castle is an old medieval citadel situated in Muğla Province of Turkey.


Location: Muğla Province Map

Constructed: 1522 by the Ottoman sultan Süleyman the Magnificent

Tel. (0252) 412 14 59

Open: 8am- noon & 1pm- 5:30pm Tue- Sun


History of Marmaris Castle

Original settlement dates back to the 6th century BC then it was known as Physkos (Φύσκος). Great ancient Greek historian Herodotus claimed that the castle here was erected in 3000 BC. During invasion of the Greek army under leadership of Alexander the Great in 334 BC over 600 residents tried to keep the city unsuccessfully. Eventually they opened doors to the conquerors. Marmaris Castle stronghold was not badly damaged and quickly reconstructed thereafter.

During Turkish rule the settlement was renamed to Marmaris, which is translated as a "marble" in Turkish after many deposits found in the area. Christian knights of Saint John that based their headquarters on the island of Rhodes and often attacked Ottoman Empire. Current stronghold was constructed in 1522 by the Ottoman sultan Süleyman the Magnificent. Marmaris Castle served as a base for the Ottoman Navy in the local conquests of the Aegean Sea. Eventually Knights of Saint John were defeated and capitulated their possessions in the region. Marmaris Castle still was a significant military for the next centuries, but improved technologies made the stronghold somewhat obsolete.

In 1798 Marmaris harbor became a brief base for Lord Nelson on his route to Egypt during the Mediterranean campaign. Eventually he went on to defeat the French navy of Napoleon Bonaparte. During World War I part of Marmaris fortress were badly damaged by the ships of the French fleet. In 1979 Marmaris Castle was turned into a historic museum and its walls and towers were reconstructed.