Perga Archaeological Site


Location: 18 km (11 mi) Northeast of Antalya, Antalya Province Map

Open: 9am- 7:30pm daily


Perga Archaeological Site is an ancient Hellenistic city that lies 18 km (11 mi) Northeast of Antalya, Antalya Province in Turkey. 


According to legend, the city was founded by the soothsayer Calchas after the Trojan war. In order to avoid raids from the sea, the city was founded 11 kilometers from the coast.

In the VII century BC the city passes to the Lydians, and then in the VI century BC to the Persians.

In 333 BC passed to Alexander the great. Then the city was ruled by the Seleucids, Pergamum, and finally from the II century BC-the Romans.

In the Roman period, the city reached its peak. In the I century the city was preached by the apostles Paul and Barnabas.

In the following centuries, during the Byzantine Empire, the land around the city turned into arid swampy area, which forced the population to leave the city.

In the VII century added to this the raids of the Arabs. And by the arrival of the Seljuks, from the luxurious and rich city, there was only a small village, which then completely disappeared.

The first thing that greets visitors is an amphitheater for 12,000 people, built in the first half of the II century. 42 rows of seats are divided into 23 at the top and 19 at the bottom. The stage is 25 meters high and is decorated with reliefs and friezes. Some of the decorations of the amphitheater are on display in the Archaeological Museum of Antalya. Opposite the amphitheater is a stadium for 12,000 spectators (width-34 m, length-234 m).

The remains of the city wall, which were 12 m high, have survived from Hellenistic times. The southern gate, through which visitors enter the city, is called the "Roman gate" and dates back to the IV century. Immediately behind them are the Hellenistic gate, Dating from the III century BC. Beyond the gate is a small U-shaped courtyard with niches in the walls. Excavations have shown that there were once statues of gods, emperors and founders of the city.

To the left of the Hellenistic gate was the Roman bath (II century), which was considered the largest bath in Pamphylia. It was decorated with marble, sculptures and reliefs. In the Northern part of the city there was another bath. To the right of the Hellenistic gate on the area of 5762 sq. m. there was an Agora (II century).

Beyond the Hellenistic gate begins a wide road. There was a water channel in the center, and on either side of it were roads for horse-drawn vehicles. Also along the canal were covered colonnades with trade and craft shops. With the decline of the city, the unused part of the road was built up with monuments and other structures.

Also found are many remains of residential buildings and public buildings of the Hellenistic and Roman periods. Within the city there were three basilicas.