Shivapuri National Park

Location: Districts of Nuwakot and Sindhupalchowk  Map

Area: 159 km2 (61 sq mi)

Tel. 4370355

Official site

Admission Fee: Rs 250/25

Motorcycle: Rs 15

Car: Rs 75


Description of Shivapuri National Park

Shivapuri National Park is a nature reserve situated in Districts of Nuwakot and Sindhupalchowk in Nepal. Shivapuri National Park covers an area of 159 sq km (61 sq mi) and protects local mountainous forests in the Northern part of the Kathmandu Valley. It is named after Shivapuri Peak that reaches an elevation of 2,732 m (8,963 ft). The best time to visit this area is before or after the completion of the rainy season that usually lasts between May and September and dumps over 1,400 mm (55 in) of water. There are over 170 species of birds and animals that live here including rhesus monkey, leopards, Himalayan Black bears and many others. Temperature in the summer months reach 19–30 °C (66–86 °F) and 2–17 °C (36–63 °F) in the winter months.


Objectives of Park Management

To protect the biological diversity of the ecosystem in the mid-hill region of Nepal.
To provide sustainable drinking water to the residents of Kathmandu valley by protecting the watershed area of the park.
To develop the park as a model of biological diversity conservation education center.
To promote Parya tourism business.
To make local residents participate in community development and biodiversity conservation work through intermediate area management system.



Looking at the history of protection of this area, it is found that in 1976 Shivpuri Watershed Protection Ward started protection as a watershed protection area and in 1978 Shivpuri Protected Watershed Area was established. Similarly, Shivpuri Watershed and Wildlife Reserve was declared in 1984. According to this name, while the necessary conservation and management works of this area are being carried out, the importance of this area was further evaluated and in 2002, a notification was published in the gazette as Shivpuri National Park by the Government of Nepal. Nagarjuna forest area was a private forest of King Virendra at that time and in the context of King Virendra's descent, with the political change of the country, according to the political decision to nationalize that forest area in 2009, 15 square km. The Nagarjuna forest area covering the area has also been merged into Shivpuri National Park and named Shivpuri Nagarjuna National Park.

This park has been of great importance in Kathmandu Valley since long ago. Due to the source of thousands of liters of drinking water that is consumed daily in Kathmandu Valley, the importance of this park has remained since the historical period. V.No. In 2058, Kathmandu, Nuwakot and Sindhupalchok districts had 144 square km. This park was established as Bhubhag Ogati Shivpuri National Park. After that, this park was again In 2065, Nagarjuna Forest Conservation Area in Kathmandu and Dhading covered 15 square km. The total land area is 159 square km. was spread in


Terrestrial location

The park is located at an altitude of 1350 – 2732 meters above sea level. Geographically Shivpuri region is 27°45' to 27°52' north latitude and 85°16' to 85°45' east longitude and Nagarjuna region is 27°43' to 27°46' north latitude and 85°13' to 85°18 This is the only park that represents the central hills of Nepal extending to the eastern longitude.


Political position

This park has touched 26 village development committees covering parts of Kathmandu, Dhading, Nuwakot and Sindhupalchok districts of Bagmati zone. Out of which, 14 in Kathmandu, 1 in Dhading, 9 in Nuwakot and 2 village development committees in Sindhupalchok district are included.
Details of the area of the park according to the district This park covers 95 square kilometers of Kathmandu district under Shivpuri area. Mr. Land, 36 square km of Nuwakot district. Land and 13 square kilometers of Sindhupalchok district. Mr. A total of 144 square km. Mr. The territory is occupied. Similarly, this park covers 7.7 square kilometers of Kathmandu district under Nagarjuna area. Mr. Land and 7.3 square kilometers of Dhading district. Mr. A total of 15 sq. km. Mr. The territory is occupied. In this way, this park covers a total of 159 square kilometers by dividing both areas.


Geographical location

The ground height of this park is from 1350 meters to 2732 meters. Shivpuri, Vishnudwar and Alleko Lakes in this park region will experience short periods of snowfall in the month of Poush Magha.

The length of the Shivpuri area of this park is 20 km and the width is 5 km. Similarly, the length of Sardar in Nagarjuna region is 6 km and the width of Sardar is 5 km.


Forest types and vegetation

Types of Forests Due to the topography, there are 4 types of forests in this park area.
The lower mixed broadleaf forest of this park is located at an altitude of 1350 meters to 1500 meters. The main species of trees found in which include Chilawan, Dhalekattus, Uttis, Kafal, Mahua, Tuni, Shirish etc.
1350 m of this park. to 1600 m. Khotesallo forest is located at a height of up to The main tree species found in it include Khote/Rani Sallo, Mayal, Musurekattus, Kafal etc.
The upper mixed broadleaf forest of this park is 1500 m. It is located at an altitude of 2700 m. The main types of trees found in it include Pangar, Firfire, Okhar, Lankuri, Uttis, Vais, Khashur, Arkhaulo etc.
2300 m of this park. to 2500 m. Khasru forest area is located at a height of up to In which the main species of plants found are Khasru, Jhingane, Banjh, Liso and 1250 species of plants, among which 50 species of Raithane plants are found. Similarly, 129 species of mushrooms (mushrooms) are also found in this forest area.


Wildlife and birds

This park is home to more than 22 species of mammals. Among them, wild animals such as leopards, tigers, Assamese monkeys, salaks are found here. About 311 species of birds are found in this park. Out of which 177 species of migratory birds are found here. Similarly, around 102 species of butterflies/moths are found in this park.

A feature of the park
National park at the shortest distance (12 km) from the capital.
The birthplace of the famous rivers Bagmati and Bishnumati of Kathmandu valley.
A view point from Chisapani area where you can observe the Hime Shringakhala.
A catchment area that provides drinking water to the residents of Kathmandu.
An area with great potential for conservation education, research and para-tourism promotion.
Local environment purification An area that exploits carbon dioxide released from the Kathmandu valley.
Nepal's man-made long wall Shivpuri 111 km. , Nagarjuna 29 km.
Entrance to Langtang National Park.
A national park combining two forest areas.
Rock climbing practice area.


Attractions and important areas to visit

Religious heritage
This Shivpuri Nagarjuna National Park has various religious attractions and areas of importance. Bagdwar, Kageshwari, Manichud, Tarakeshwar, Sundarimai, Vishnupaduka, Nagigumba, Pachalibhairava Shantigufa, Nagdevata, Jamacho Gumwa Ganesha Temple etc. are among the famous religious heritages here.


Cultural heritage

This Shivpuri Nagarjuna National Park has also been a cultural meeting place of Hindus and Buddhists.

Prohibited activities within the National Park
No person shall be allowed to do the following within the National Park without obtaining written permission from the authorized authority.

Hunting of wild animals and birds is not allowed inside this Shivpuri Nagarjuna National Park.
It is not allowed to build or enjoy houses, huts, ashrams or other shapes of any material.
No land can be occupied, cleared, encroached upon, cultivated or any crops grown or harvested within this National Park.
Domestic animals or birds cannot be grazed or watered inside this Shivpuri Nagarjuna National Park.
It is forbidden to cut, fell, remove, cut or dry forest products, set fire or cause damage in any other way to trees, plants, bushes or any other forest products.
No mining, quarrying or removal of any mineral, stone, soil, gravel or other similar material shall be permitted within this Shivpuri Nagarjuna National Park.
Forests, crops, wild animals, birds or land cannot be damaged within this national park.
It is not allowed to carry or use weapons, treasure or poison inside this national park.
Except for the government employees working within the Shivpuri Nagarjuna National Park or the travelers on the main roads within the National Park, pets or other types of animals or pets are not allowed to be taken.
No river, stream or water source flowing within this national park can be blocked, diverted or any harmful or explosive substances can be used in it.



In this Shivpuri Nagarjuna National Park area, illegal killing, injuring, buying and selling of wild animals or poaching of other protected wild animals, in case of buying and selling, he will be fined Rs. 50,000 (fifty thousand) to Rs. 100,000 (one lakh) or imprisonment for five to fifteen years or both.