Ermak Travel Guide

 

The World at your fingertips 

 

 

 

Feel free to leave your comments below. If you want to add your knowledge, additional information or experience in a particular place your input is more than welcome.

 

Festung Kufstein Castle

Festung Kufstein

Festung Kufstein Castle or simply Kufstein Castle is located in Tyrol province of Germany. Occasionally it is mistakenly called Geroldseck Fortress. At an elevation of 507 metres (1,663 feet) above sea level it dominates local landscape.

 

 

 

Location: Kufstein Map

Constructed: 1205 (known as Castrum Caofstein at the time)

Official site

 

 

 

 

 

Description of Festung Kufstein Castle

 

Festung Kufstein Castle was constructed around 1205 on a strategic hill overlooking surrounding fields and a town of Kufstein below. In the official documents dating to the Medieval Period refer to the citadel as Castrum Caofstein. It was listed as a possession of the bishop of Regensburg. In 1415 its walls and towers were reinforced by Louis VII, Duke of Bavaria the Conqueror. In 1504 Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire besieged the city and Festung Kufstein and captured both. Maximilian constructed a massive round tower between 1518 and 1522. Its layout was intended to house a cannon battery. With a round layout it could fire in all directions at the approaching enemy.

 

From 1703 to 1805 it was in Bavarian possession after the Bavarian invaded Tyrol region in 1703. The following year the Bavarians were drawn out of  Festung Kufstein by a local peasant revolt. As a result of Pressburg Peace Treaty the citadel along with Tyrol province was returned to the Bavarians.

 

After final defeat of Napoleon Bonapart and re- drawing of European borders it was transferred to the Austrian Empire in 1814. However even these military fortifications couldn't save Festung Kufstein from failing to keep up with the changing military technologies. It was abandoned as a fortress and instead it was turned into a political prison for the dissidents of the Austro- Hungarian empire. Many of the prisoners here were ethnic Hungarians who tried to proclaim an independent Hungary.

 

Today Festung Kufstein is owned by Kufstein family since 1924 and houses the City Museum of Kufstein as well as a small restaurant. Reservations for seminars, private parties and other events are possible. You can get to the fortress from a city below by taking a Festungsbann, a funicular railway.

 

List of some the prominent prisoners of Festung Kufstein

Ferenc Kazinczy- advocate of Hungarian language and literature, author of Language Reform, 1799- 1800

Countess Blanka Teleki, member of a noble family, socialite and educator, women's right activist, 1853- 56

Klara Leovey, teacher, manager of the Blanka Teleki School in Budapest, women's right activist

Sen. Miklos Wasselenyi, a Hungarian nobleman 1785- 89

Gyorgy Gaal, Protestant preacher 1850- 56

Gregor Czuczort, Hungarian Benedictine monk, a poet and a linguist, member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, 1850- 51

Sandor Rozsa, Hungarian revolutionary, legendary Hungarian outlaw"Robin Hood" 1859- 65

Mate Haubner, Evangelical bishop

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

blog comments powered by Disqus