Ermak Travel Guide

 

The World at your fingertips 

 

 

 

Feel free to leave your comments below. If you want to add your knowledge, additional information or experience in a particular place your input is more than welcome.

Hofburg (Vienna)

.

 

 

Michaelerplatz 1, A- 1010
Subway: Stephenplatz, Herrengasse, Volkstheater
Bus: 2A, 3A
Trolley: D, J, 1

 

 

 

Description of Hofburg Palace

Hofburg Layout Map (Vienna)

Hofburg Palace is one of the most popular attractions in the Austrian capital of Vienna. It is hard to imagine that this magnificent Habsburg royal dynasty palace was originally found as a 13th century castle. Nothing is left from the grim medieval military fortifications. Instead it was replaced by a complex of beautiful buildinds, courtyards and monuments. Hofburg Palace have been the seat of Austrian emperors for over six centuries until their final demise in 1918 then the end of World War I spelled the end for most of remaining absolute monarchies in Europe. Since 1945, it has been the official residence of the Austrian Federal President. It houses the largest part of the Austrian National Library as well as various museums (including the Albertina) and the Federal Monuments Office. The irregular building complex, which has grown over the course of about seven centuries, also includes two sacred buildings: the Hofburgkapelle and the Augustinerkirche.

 

Old Hofburg

Building of the Old Hofburg Renaissance building is a former Imperial Palace that once served as the official residence of the Imperial Habsburg family. Renaissance chapel is famous for its Vienna Boys' Choir that was originally found in 1498. Its members included such famous composers and Haydn and Schubert. They perform on Sundays and major holidays.

 

Ceremonial Swiss Gate leads to the inner area of In- der- Burg. It once staged tournaments, military parades as well as public trials over criminals. A statue of Emperor Franz I stands in the center of the square. Surrounding buildings include the Palace of Amalia, State Chancellery and Leopold's building. Outer Old Hofburg palace is encircled by the square of Joseph surrounded by the National Library, Shtalburg Palce and the Spanish Riding School.

 

New Hofburg

The building of the New Hofburg was built just before the onset of the First World War. In 1918 Austrian monarchy fell along with other royal families taht started this war.

 

 

 

 

History of Hofburg

Documented for the first time under King Rudolf I of Habsburg in 1279, construction began as early as the first half of the 13th century among the Babenbergers. Duke Leopold VI. have laid. The first expansion took place under the Bohemian King Ottokar II Přemysl. The complex - anything but a representative residence - was part of the city fortifications with defensive towers and moats.

When Emperor Ferdinand I moved his residence to Vienna in the middle of the 16th century, the expansion began and the castle became the Hofburg. Existing tracts were expanded and numerous new ones were added, a tradition that continues to this day. A tour of the Hofburg is also a tour of the history of art: wings of the most varied epochs, from the Gothic style of the Middle Ages to the Renaissance, the Baroque from the 17th and 18th centuries, but also historicist wings from the 19th century to create contemporary interior fittings from the 20th and 21st centuries.

 

Swiss wing
This oldest castle in the shape of a square corresponds approximately to today's Schweizerhof. The Gothic chapel (rebuilt in the 15th century) as well as the clergy and the secular treasury (both administratively belong to the Kunsthistorisches Museum) are located there, the latter including the insignia of the Holy Roman Empire (imperial jewels) and the Austrian Empire . The Hofmusikkapelle is also based there.

This Schweizerhof was rebuilt in the Renaissance style at the time of Emperor Charles V by his brother, the Roman-German King Ferdinand (from 1558 Emperor Ferdinand I).

Swiss gate
The red-black Swiss gate is particularly well-known, on which the titles of Emperor Ferdinand I are listed and the insignia of the non-woven order are depicted. This gate including painting was built by Pietro Ferrabosco in 1552. The Schweizerhofbrunnen from 1552 with the imperial eagle is in a side niche of the gate. The pool is made of hard, white imperial stone from the imperial quarry. The fountain formed the end of a water pipe that had already been built in 1534 and was led from the suburb of St. Ulrich into the castle.

Courtyard kitchen
For a long time, the courtyard kitchen was housed below this wing. Overall, this part of the Hofburg, including the Hofburg chapel, is called the “Swiss wing”. The name comes from the troops formed from Swiss mercenaries who, at the time of the imperial couple Franz I. Stephan (von Lorraine) and Maria Theresia, provided the gatekeeping.

Ancestral Hall
The federal monument office, which is located here, can be reached via the column staircase in the Swiss wing. Here is the ancestral hall with the Habsburg imperial portraits, created around 1874 for Crown Prince Rudolf:
Rudolf I (1281-1291)
Maximilian I (1459-1519)
Charles V (1500–1558)
Ferdinand I (1503-1564)
Maximilian II (1527-1576)
Ferdinand II (1578-1637)
Leopold I (1640-1705)
Charles VI (1685-1740)
Maria Theresa (1717-1780)
Joseph II (1741-1790)
Francis II (1768-1835)
Franz Joseph I (1830-1916)

Ante chamber
The ante chamber leads to the marble hall in the ceremonial hall wing, which dates from the 19th century. The particularly thick walls still come from one of the defensive towers of the old castle fortifications. The term ante chamber refers to the former use as an anteroom.

In March 2013, remnants of the 6 by 20 meter foundation of the Kunstkammer of Emperor Ferdinand I, built between 1558 and 1563, were discovered near the Swiss gate towards Michaelerplatz, the first museum building north of the Alps. The discovery by art historian Renate Holzschuh-Hofer was made by evaluating sources that had been known for some time and had only been misinterpreted.

Hofburg chapel
The Hofburg Chapel is the oldest and main chapel of the Hofburg and was the house chapel of the Habsburgs. Probably around 1287/88 Albrecht I had a late Romanesque chapel built, which was first mentioned in 1296. From 1423 to 1426 there was an expansion under Albrecht V.; the wood of the current roof structure dates from 1421. Albrecht, who commissioned large-scale persecution of Jews in Vienna this year, probably also caused Jewish tombstones to be embedded in the chapel's foundation (they were later removed and in a Jewish cemetery kept).

From 1447 to 1449 Emperor Friedrich III. rebuild and expand the chapel in the Gothic style. Maria Theresa arranged for the chapel to be rebuilt in late Baroque style. In the course of classicism, it was regotiated again in 1802. In it the Hofmusikkapelle, founded by Emperor Maximilian I, performed, the tradition of which is continued by the Vienna Philharmonic and the Vienna Boys' Choir. Until the end of the monarchy in 1918, the Hofburg chapel served as the parish church of the ex-Austro-Hungarian Empire. Court and castle parish.

Stallburg
Although a separate building, the stable castle is connected with a transition to the rest of the Hofburg complex. It was originally built as a residence for Maximilian II as heir to the throne. According to tradition, Emperor Ferdinand I did not want to live under one roof with his son, who tended to be Protestant.

In the 17th century, the Stallburg housed the extensive art collection of Archduke Leopold Wilhelm, the art-loving brother of Emperor Ferdinand III, which forms an essential part of the collections of the Art History Museum.

During the 18th century the building was converted into one of the stables for the imperial horses, from which the name "Stallburg" is derived. A large part of the Spanish Riding School is still housed there today.

Amalienburg

Opposite the Swiss gate is the Amalienburg, also known as the Amalia wing, named after Amalie Wilhelmine, the widow of Emperor Joseph I, who was built more than a hundred years earlier as the Viennese residence of Emperor Rudolf II in the late Renaissance style. In the courtyard of the wing, the Amalienhof, there is a Renaissance fountain, the basin of which is made of imperial stone. Worthy of note are the turret with a French hood and the astronomical clock on the facade. In the center of the courtyard of the Vienna Hofburg, between the Amalienburg and the Swiss Gate, there is a monument to Emperor Franz I of Austria by Pompeo Marchesi from 1842 to 1846, which can be seen in the left part of the photo.

In the course of time, in addition to Amalie Wilhelmine, various archduchesses resided in Amalienburg, from 1790 to 1792 Leopold II, 1814/15 during the Vienna Congress of Tsar Alexander I, 1831–35, the later Emperor Ferdinand I with his wife Maria Anna of Savoy, 1854–98 Empress Elisabeth and 1916–18 Emperor Charles I

The Amalienburg was built on the square of the Cillierhof (originally owned by the Counts of Cilli) and a group of medieval houses. After the demolition, the new building for the later Emperor Rudolf II began in 1575. The construction was completed in stages until 1611. In the course of a renovation around 1683/84, the building was extended by a half-story and the facade was designed to the Ballhausplatz. In 1711, Franz Jänggl created the connecting wing to the Leopoldine wing and probably also the new clock tower. The preserved furnishings of the floor (apartments for the later Emperor Joseph II.) And the mezzanine in Rococo style come from Nikolaus Pacassi.

Today the Chancellery Ministers and State Secretaries (as an annex to the Federal Chancellery), the Schönbrunn Palace Cultural and Operating Society and the Austrian Conference on Spatial Planning (ÖROK) reside in the Amalia wing.

Leopoldine wing
monarchy
The connecting building between the Amalienburg and the Swiss wing is the "Leopoldine wing", which was built under Emperor Leopold I in the 1660s. The architect was Filiberto Lucchese, the execution was the responsibility of the Italian master builders Carl Martin Carlone and Dominico Carlone. The major order for stone deliveries and stonework came after the Kaisersteinbruch, to the masters Ambrosius Ferrethi and Camillo Rezi. Settlements are listed in the Camerale number office books of the court chamber archive: hard imperial stone for the facade, "the large cornice panels on the outer side", staircase scale, most recently the portal. The Viennese stone mason master Urban Illmayr was responsible for working on the “soft” stone. At the west end of the Leopoldine tract is the chamber chapel, which Maria Theresa completely renovated in 1772.

After the Second Siege of Vienna in 1683 by Giovanni Pietro Tencalla, the wing was rebuilt and increased by one floor. In 1752, a balcony was added by the Hofsteinmetzmeister Elias Hügel and Johann Baptist Regondi. The huge wine cellar of the Hofburg was located below this Leopoldine wing and the Amalienburg. Furthermore, the "Secret Council Chamber" was located in the area of ​​the Leopoldine Wing. Emperor Franz Joseph I gave his opening speeches at the Austro-Hungarian delegation meetings here. On June 28, 1900, the then heir to the throne and nephew of Franz Joseph, Franz Ferdinand, took the "renown oath" and renounced the succession to the throne in the name of his future (not equal) wife and his descendants.

Republic of Austria
From 1923 until its dissolution in 1939, the influential German club, which was geared from the German national to the National Socialist era, was headquartered in eight representative rooms in the Leopoldin wing with the Federal President Michael Hainisch (1920 to 1928) and at least fifteen intergovernmental government members and several Juliputschists.

Since the end of 1946, the Leopoldine Wing has housed the official offices of the Austrian Federal President and the presidential office authority assigned to them, which were previously housed in a wing of the Federal Chancellery. The Hofburg Police Inspection is also housed in the wing.

Imperial Chancellery

Co-productions between Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach and his son Joseph Emanuel Fischer von Erlach are the winter riding school opposite the Stallburg - where the first Austrian Parliament met in 1848 - and the Imperial Chancellery wing opposite the Leopoldin wing. This was built in 1723–1730 by Johann Lucas von Hildebrandt (like the Secret Court Chancellery in 1717–1719, today the Federal Chancellery, under Reich Vice-Chancellor Friedrich Karl von Schönborn-Buchheim). It housed the offices of the Imperial Chancellor, the actual "Prime Minister" of the Holy Roman Empire (the position of the Imperial Chancellor, whose representative the Imperial Vice Chancellor was considered to have been since the Middle Ages, the Archbishop of Mainz), as well as the Imperial Court Council. After the end of the empire, the apartments of the Duke of Reichstadt and finally of Emperor Franz Joseph I and his wife Elisabeth of Austria-Hungary were housed in this wing.

The Swiss wing, the Amalienburg, the Leopoldine wing and the Imperial Chancellery form a courtyard that was called Franzensplatz from 1846–1919 and has been called In der Burg since 1919.

In the middle of the square there is a bronze statue of Emperor Franz II / I, erected on the initiative of Emperor Ferdinand I and unveiled on June 16, 1846. by the hand of the Italian sculptor Pompeo Marchesi, who depicts the emperor on an octagonal pillar like a Roman Caesar. There are bronze reliefs on the side fronts of the pillar, which represent the activities of the people. The pillar is flanked by four colossal statues that symbolize faith, strength, peace and justice.

Court library
Initially free-standing on the other side of the castle (at today's Josefsplatz) was the court library, which was designed by Emperor Charles VI. was founded and which today contains the baroque state hall of the Austrian National Library. Its construction was started by Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach; His son Joseph Emanuel completed the construction in 1735. In the sumptuous hall there is Prince Eugene's book collection, a ceiling fresco by Daniel Gran and imperial statues by Paul Strudel. The central statue represents Charles VI. as Roman-German Emperor and is attributed to Antonio Corradini. This part is probably the most artistically significant of the Hofburg.

Fischer von Erlach had only planned access from the Swiss wing, i.e. no public access for a library that was actually designed as a public institution from the start. The ceremonial files dated April 23, 1731 tell of a "... visit of the new library by imperial majesty and the archduchess ...". It was not until 1733 that a neighboring small building of the Augustinian convent was bought in order to build a generally accessible staircase, the so-called large official staircase.

Subsidence, which occurred in the years after 1760, forced some renovations that Nicholas of Pacassi carried out. Subsequently, today's staircase to the State Hall was built until about 1767, here too with a smoothly polished imperial stone for steps and pedestals. In 1769 the building threatened to collapse due to the enormous weight of the books. Empress Maria Theresa and her son Joseph II had it strengthened under the supervision of Count Losy von Losymthall, court building director, and court architect Nicolaus Pacassi. On this occasion, a new open square, Josefsplatz, was created, in the center of which is a equestrian statue of Emperor Joseph II by Franz Anton von Zauner.

In 1904 the Hofbaucomité commissioned the design of an access to the court library from Josefsplatz. The stone work was done partly from old Almaser, Wöllersdorfer, Kaiser, Marzano and Kelheimer stone, partly from new Kaiser stone for steps and floor slabs, Cava Romana and Orsera.

Augustinian tract
Adjacent to the Hofbibliothek is the Augustinertrakt on the southeastern side of Josefsplatz, named after the adjacent Augustinerkirche and the Augustinerkloster, which were built in front of the Hofbibliothek, but became part of it when the Hofburg was expanded. As the Archduke Albrecht Palace (formerly the Palais Tarouca-de Sylva), which houses the Albertina graphic collection, is structurally connected to the Augustinian monastery and was inhabited by members of the imperial family, it is also included in the Hofburg complex.

Redoutensaaltrakt
Adjacent to the north of the court library is the Redoutensaal wing, named after the Redoutensaal located in it. They include the large and small redoutensaal as well as the roof foyer opened in 1997.

Maria Theresa had a 17th century opera house rebuilt, creating the Redoutensäle, as it were the dance and concert halls par excellence. The first structural concept came from Jean Nicolas Jadot de Ville-Issey, the outer facade bears the signature of Nikolaus Pacassi and Franz Anton Hillebrandt.

The Redouten halls were redesigned again and again, for example by mirroring the windows, stucco and gold strips on the ceiling or by introducing electricity. In 1973 the halls were converted into a congress center. On June 18, 1979, Jimmy Carter and Leonid Brezhnev signed the arms limitation agreement SALT-II here.

On the night of November 26-27, 1992, a major fire broke out in the Hofburg area in the area of ​​the Redoutensäle on Josefsplatz. Part of the roof and the upper floor burned down completely. The fire was hard to put out and the Lipizzaner horses in the adjacent riding school had to be brought to safety. After the fire, the somewhat less damaged little Redoutensaal was restored to the original. An artist competition was announced for the equipment of the Great Redoutesaal. The Austrian painter Josef Mikl emerged as the winner. He made oil paintings to quote the literary figures Ferdinand Raimund, Johann Nepomuk Nestroy, Elias Canetti and Karl Kraus. In the course of the renovation of the burned-out redouta halls, Manfred Wehdorn's former attic was converted into a roof foyer.

The restoration of the Redoutensäle took five years and was carried out under the aegis of the castle main body Austria. The wing has been in the administration of the Vienna Congress Center Hofburg Betriebsgesellschaft since 1997. In 1998 the Redoutensaal was put into operation again on the occasion of the first Austrian EU Presidency. In 2006 Wehdorn created the "Hofburg Gallery" and the "Hofburg Forum" underneath in the former courtyard of the Hofburg.

The Redoutensaaltrakt, the Hofbibliothek and the Augustinertrakt form an architectural, harmonious ensemble in the structure of a horseshoe that forms the Josefsplatz.

In December 2014, the six Austrian parliamentary parties agreed to use the Redoutensaal wing of the Hofburg during the renovation work on the parliament building from 2017 to 2021 as alternative accommodation for the plenary sessions. The meetings of the National Council and the Federal Council have been taking place in the adapted Redoutensaal since September 2017. Access to public meetings and guided tours on non-meeting days is possible via the main entrance at Josefsplatz.

In 2019, the Court of Auditors criticized that the recommended fire protection devices, especially in the residential area, are still not up to date.

Michael wing
In 1726, Joseph Emanuel Fischer von Erlach also planned the Michaelertrakt, the connection between the Winter Riding School and the Imperial Chancellery. But since the old Burgtheater was in the way, this plan remained unfinished for a long time and was only actually built in a slightly modified form by Ferdinand Kirschner between 1889 and 1893.

As a result, conversions and adaptations occurred again and again, especially from 1763 to 1769 under Nikolaus von Pacassi, who connected the court library with the rest of the castle and on the other side with the Augustinian Church, thus creating Josefsplatz, which was one of the most beautiful squares in Vienna applies. After the renovation of the Albertina in the 1820s by Joseph Kornhäusel according to the plans of Fischer von Erlach, it too connected to the Hofburg from the other side.

The Michaelertrakt is crowned by a large, bronze dome. After Michaelerplatz was completed, two fountains with sculptures were installed on the front: Rudolf Weyr's Power on the Sea on the left and Edmund Hellmer's Power on the Land on the right.

Ceremonial hall wing
Another extension from this period (as early as 1804) is the ceremonial hall wing or Montoyer wing with the Louis Montoyer ceremony hall. Since it was built at right angles to the Leopoldine wing, it protruded from the castle and was called "The Nose of the Hofburg" for a long time. Today it is integrated into the Neue Burg.

 

The ceremonial hall is the most magnificent hall in the Hofburg. The Belgian architect Louis Montoyer designed the wing on behalf of Emperor Franz II / I. as a throne room. An artistic coffered ceiling and 26 crystal chandeliers, formerly fitted with 1,300 candles, give the hall an imperial shine. The 24 Corinthian columns are made of synthetic marble. It was here that Napoleon's bridal solicitation for the daughter of Emperor Franz II / I, Marie Louise, and the exclusive "Ball bei Hof" took place. On Maundy Thursday, Emperor Franz Joseph I and Empress Elisabeth each invited twelve poor old men to traditional foot washing.

The satellite room served as the common room of the satellite bodyguard, who was responsible for the personal protection of the monarch. The guardsmen were stationed at key access points throughout the castle.

On May 15, 1717, Maria Theresa was baptized in the knight's hall by the papal nuncio Spinola, the representative of Pope Clement XI.

The structure of the marble hall next to the ceremony hall dates from the 16th century, its interior with artificial marble was adapted to the ceremony hall around 1840. During the imperial period it served as a dining room and for court children's balls.

As a thank you for his commitment in the Italian campaign during the revolutionary year 1848, Franz Joseph I allowed the deserved Field Marshal Radetzky to live in his own rooms in the castle, although he was not a member of the court. In the so-called Radetzky apartments, historical tile stoves are still preserved in the corners, which were heated from the outside by a separate passage.

Heroes' Square
In 1809, part of the old bastions near the castle were blown up as a result of the coalition wars and then ground. At that time, new frontworks (the so-called Hornwerk curtain and the Escarpen) were built into today's Ringstrasse, into which the classicistic castle gate was integrated. Three gardens were created within these new walls, built in 1817: the private imperial castle garden, Heldenplatz as a lawn with alleys and the Volksgarten with the Theseus temple, which, like the castle gate, was designed by Peter von Nobile.

New castle and Corps de Logis
As part of the expansion of the city after the city walls were ground in the 1860s, the last major expansion of the castle took place. An imperial forum was planned, a two-wing complex over the Ringstrasse, with the twin museums (Kunsthistorisches and Naturhistorisches Museum) as flanks and the old court stables Fischer von Erlachs as a conclusion. The construction management of this project was held by Gottfried Semper and later Karl Freiherr von Hasenauer. The plan was only partially implemented. The museums were completed in 1891, the rest of the forum was delayed. In 1913 the south-east wing, the Neue Burg, was largely completed, but the Kaiserforum was finally shelved. After all, this is how Heldenplatz and Maria-Theresien-Platz came into being.

The final part of the building to the Ringstrasse and the outer castle gate is the Corps de Logis. The plans for the Kaiserforum were reduced, an identical counterpart to the Corps de Logis was to be built in order to make the surroundings of the castle gate symmetrical. In the planned other Corps de Logis, heir to the throne Franz Ferdinand wanted to set up a museum.

The interior was completed after the end of the monarchy in the 1920s. Therefore, neither of the two wings was ever occupied. Today they serve as exhibition rooms for numerous museums and as a reading room for the Austrian National Library.

As part of the construction of the New Castle, the monumental equestrian statues of the two most important Austrian generals, Prince Eugene of Savoy and Archduke Karl, were erected on Heldenplatz. On March 15, 1938, the dictator Adolf Hitler announced the "connection" of his homeland to the German Reich from the balcony of the Neue Burg to Heldenplatz.

Anton Biró's large cast-iron, ornate gates and grilles on the New Castle and on the Corp de Logis were originally painted green and gilded. Over time, they were painted black and the original color scheme was forgotten. In the course of renovation work at the beginning of the 21st century, the original colors came to light again during investigations. In agreement with the Federal Monuments Office, the castle main body installed the gates at the Corps de Logis again in green and gold.

Ballroom wing

The ballroom wing was built by Ludwig Baumann in the years 1910–1923. It connects the New Castle with the ceremonial hall wing and has the main page for Heroes' Square. It was originally planned as part of the "Kaiserforum" planned by Carl Hasenauer in 1866 and generously redesigned by Gottfried Semper in 1869.

With around 1,000 m², the Grand Ballroom is the largest hall in the entire Hofburg. Although it was conceived as a throne room, it was never used as such: the interior fittings ended in 1923, the artistic design remained incomplete. Three ceiling paintings by Alois Hans Schramm glorify the rule of the Habsburgs. The motto of Emperor Franz Joseph I, Viribus Unitis, served as a motto. Eduard Veith and Viktor Stauffer immortalized personalities from Austrian history in the lunettes and octagon fields below. Maximilian I, Charles V, Ferdinand I, Rudolf II and Ferdinand II of Tyrol can be seen in the ceiling paintings, in the side panels Leopold I, Charles VI, Prince Eugene and the Polish King Jan III. Sobieski.

The ballroom wing has been used as a congress center by the Hofburg Kongresszentrum & Redoutensäle Wien GmbH since 1958. The 1967 Eurovision Song Contest was held here. The OSCE has had an event organization office here since 1992. In 2005 the so-called "Kesselhaushof" was roofed and converted into a conference hall. In addition to numerous other balls, the Vienna Corporate Ball, which is controversial because of the repeated participation of right-wing extremists, has been taking place here every year since 1968.

Burggarten
The castle garden connects to the southeastern front of the New Castle. In contrast to the Volksgarten, it was only reserved for members of the imperial family. A spacious terrace leads from the new castle into the castle garden. The local palm house, also known as the butterfly house, was built by Friedrich Ohmann as the last building of the Hofburg in Art Nouveau style and replaced a greenhouse that had been built a hundred years earlier by Ludwig Gabriel von Remy.

Between the Palm House and the New Castle there was once a connecting building that closed the back of the courtyard library into a new courtyard. This part was removed by order of the heir to the throne, Archduke Franz Ferdinand, who wanted a clear view of the castle garden from the court library. The castle garden was only opened to the general public in the 1920s. After the Second World War, the Mozart monument was moved here from the badly damaged Albertinaplatz. There are also monuments to Emperors Franz I. Stefan and Franz Joseph I.

fence
At the time of the construction of the New Castle, several cast iron works were commissioned. This includes the long and high fence that encloses and protects the entire area. The fence begins at the Palmenhaus in the Burggarten and encompasses the Burggarten towards Goethegasse, then along the Ringstrasse past the Corps de Logis, to the Burgtor and then along the Ringstrasse around the Volksgarten to the Burgtheater. There he pulls eastwards along Löwelstraße where he separates and closes the Volksgarten from Heldenplatz. The parks of Burggarten, Heldenplatz and Volksgarten are part of the Hofburg's immediate ensemble. The decorated fence in the style of the neo-baroque was originally painted red and partly gilded. [22] The lanterns are adorned with the imperial crown. Over time, the fence was painted completely black. The original coloring reappeared in the course of restoration work in the 1990s. The fence was completely dismantled except for the foundations and the sandstone base (Mannersdorfer Stein) was repaired. Rust damage was removed and missing parts replaced. After long investigations, the fence was able to shine again in its original red and gold color, at least in the area of ​​the castle gate, but the rest of the area was kept black again, probably for reasons of cost.

Museums in the Hofburg
Various areas of the Hofburg are open to the public as museums. However, they are not all under the same administration:

The Imperial Apartments, the Sisi Museum and the Silver Chamber are among the most visited sites in Austrian history. The original offices and living quarters of Emperor Franz Joseph and Empress Elisabeth can still be seen from the former residence of the Habsburgs. The Sisi Museum presents the visitor with myth and truth about Empress Elisabeth ("Sisi") in an elaborately staged manner. The former court silver and table chamber presents valuable porcelain, glass and silver service owned by the Habsburgs.
These areas are managed by the Schönbrunn Palace Cultural and Operating Company.