Bludenz is a city in the Austrian state of Vorarlberg. The city
is the seat of the District Commission Bludenz and as of June 30,
2018, with 14577 (main residences) plus 1098 (other residences)
inhabitants, the sixth largest municipality in Vorarlberg.
The city center of Bludenz is located at an altitude of about 570 meters at the south-western foot of the Lechquellen Mountains, terraced above the valley floor of the Ill and laid out on part of the debris fan of the Galgentobelbach. The official altitude for Bludenz is 588 m. This refers to the location of the Laurentiuskirche, which stands a little higher above the town center. The highest point of the municipality is formed by the summit of the Weißen Rössle, 2214 m, northwest of Ausserbraz. A small part of the municipal area east of Stallehr even extends over the Alfenz into Verwall. This is the Garnilawald, which grows on the northern slopes of Davennakopf, Davenna and Zwölferkopf above the reservoir of the Alfenzwerk. Parts of the mountain forests in the north of Bludenz belong to the "Natura 2000" European protection area "Klostertaler Bergwälder", which extends from the Galgentobel to Klösterle.
The city lies at the intersection of the Walgau, Brandnertal (Rätikon), Montafon (Silvretta) and Klostertal (Arlberg) valleys. Bludenz likes to market itself as the “five valleys town”, but the fifth valley, the Große Walsertal, only joins the Walgau near Ludesch, a few kilometers west of Bludenz. 48.5 percent of the community area is forested. Neighboring communities of Bludenz are Nüziders, Raggal, Innerbraz, Bartholomäberg, St. Anton im Montafon, Lorüns, Stallehr and Bürs.
The drinking water for Bludenz is drawn from several hundred meters above the city, at the foot of the western flanks of the Breithorn and Elsalptürmen, as well as springs located on the southern flank of Katzenköpf. The city partially uses the gradient to generate electricity and operates a small drinking water power plant in Hinterplärsch with a maximum output of 125 kW.
Bludenz has a climate that is significantly influenced by the Atlantic Ocean. The average annual precipitation recorded from 1971 to 2000 by the nearby Bürs measuring station is 1341 mm, the average annual temperature 7.9 ° C. However, the official records for most of the populated area of Bludenz already show an average annual rainfall of between 1500 and 1800 mm. The north-eastern areas on the slopes, e.g. B. Rungelin, even get 1800 to 2100 mm / a. On the summit areas of Hohem Fraßen and Breithorn, which are drained south and west by the Galgentobelbach, an average of 2400 to 2700 mm fell, on that of Gams Freiheit and Weißer Rössle even enormous 2700 to 3000 mm of precipitation per year by Central European standards.
Bludenz is often one of the places with the highest daytime temperatures in Vorarlberg, also due to its proximity to the Brandner Valley, which is known as a pronounced foehn line. The mountains from Hohen Fraßen to Elsspitze and Gamsfreiheit, which tower over the city by around 1400 meters, protect Bludenz from cold winds from north to northeast.
In the city cemetery there is an automatic weather station from the Central Institute for Meteorology and Geodynamics (ZAMG), the current measured values of which are permanently presented on the Internet.