Braunau am Inn

Location: Upper Austria   Map

www.braunau.at

 

 

Braunau am Inn is a town in Upper Austria. The district town of the district of the same name is located opposite Simbach am Inn on the right bank of the Inn, which forms the German-Austrian border here. With the Peace of Teschen in 1779 she came from the Electorate of Baiern (Kurpfalzbaiern) together with the Innviertel to Austria, where she stayed with brief interruptions. It became known through the execution of the bookseller Johann Philipp Palm at the behest of Napoleon I in 1806. It is less well remembered as the birthplace of Adolf Hitler; a memorial from 1989 reminds of this.

 

Braunau am Inn Travel Destinations

Braunau am Inn or Braunau on Inn is a large Austrian town that stands on the banks of the Inn River and its confluence with the Salzach. It stands on a historic border of Austria and a state of Bavaria (today part of Germany). Early records indicate that it was probably found around the Abbey of Ranshofen that was first mentioned in 788. Braunau am Inn was first mentioned in 1120 deed, however in the 13th century it became an important fortified town with large salt mine technology that was thriving and giving its residents work.

 

Catholic parish church of St. Stephan with its 99 m high tower and largely preserved Gothic and Baroque furnishings
Citizens Hospital Church of the Holy Spirit
Ranshofen Abbey in the suburb of the same name
City gate tower

Hitler's Birth Place

Hitler's Birth Place or Geburthaus as it is locally known is a home where Adolf Hitler, future Nazi leader of the Third Reich (1933- 45), was born on April 20, 1889. Hitler family spent only few first few years of his life here before moving to Linz. It is easily recognized by a large bouldee that stands outside. It was brought here from a quarry at the Mauthausen Concentration Camp and bear an inscription in German: "For peace, freedom/ and democracy/ never again fascism/ millions of dead admonish" (Fur Frieden, Freiheit und Demokratie, nie wieder Faschismus, Millionen Tote mahnen).

 

Getting there

By plane
Munich Airport (IATA Code: MUC, travel time on the motorway approx. 60 minutes) and Linz Airport (IATA Code: LNZ) are easily accessible by car, bus and train. The somewhat closer Salzburg Airport W. A. ​​Mozart (IATA code: SZG, ICAO code: LOWS) can also be considered.

By train
Braunau is located on the Munich - Linz railway line, which has long been served by regional trains (travel time 2 hours 14 minutes, change in Mühldorf am Inn and Simbach).

By bus
Flixbus offers direct connections to Vienna and Munich.

By street
From Germany it is best to take the federal highway 3 to the Pocking exit, then continue on the federal highway B12, which is currently being expanded to the federal highway 94, to Simbach am Inn and there over the Inn to Braunau. From the direction of Vienna and Linz via the Innkreis Autobahn A8 to the Ried junction and further on country roads that form the Europastraße 552 after the planning of the Innviertel expressway S 9 was abandoned. The shortest route from Munich is via the 94 federal motorway, which has not yet been fully completed, to Simbach and there across the border. From Switzerland via Munich. From Salzburg via Lamprechtshausener Straße B156.

By boat
The previously quite significant shipping on the Inn was discontinued with the beginning of the railway age.