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Eschelberg Castle (Schloss Eschelberg)
Eschelberg Castle is a medieval fortification in
Sankt Gotthard im Muhlkreis in Upper Austria region of Austria.
Location: Sankt Gotthard im Muhlkreis, Upper
Description of Eschelberg Castle
There is little information about the origins of
Eschelberg Castle. Original settlement on the place of Eschelberg Castle was found no later than
12th century. First city walls with protective towers were built in 1205. Eschelberg Castle
changed hands several times and over several centuries its defenses
were increased and strengthened. In the 14th century Eschelberg
Castle was acquired by the diocese of Passau.
A new Eschelberg citadel
was added in 1598 by Christoph von Gera. He ran into significant
trouble as he briefly joined the Protestant movement. He changed his
mind and re- joined the Catholic Church after it became abundantly
clear that he might pay with his life. New castle was built as a three winged structure in Renaissance style
and served more of the residence and a palace rather than an actual
Eschelberg Castle currently is owned by Starhemberg family
who acquired the citadel in 1674. After 1945 the fortress was
briefly converted to a detention center for the refugees and
displaced people. In 1962 castle tower was hit by a lighting and
burned down, however it was quickly restored. Today Eschelberg
Castle is open to the public. It is one of the best preserved
medieval citadels in Austria.