Falkenstein Castle or
Valchenstain Castle is a medieval complex that was constructed in
century by the Lords of Falkenstein, servants of the Count of
Gorizia. Its purpose was to control a strategic mountain over Moll
Valley below. There is archaeological evidence that these mountains
were inhabited by the Roman settlers. Around 600 AD several
surrounding villages and Roman troops retreated into this area to
hid from the barbarian tribes.
Falkenstein Castle is located near a town of Obervellach in Carinthia state
of Austria and consists of two groups. One is usually referred as
Oberfalkestein (high Falkenstein). It is older medieval stronghold
that lies in picturesque ruins. Another one is known as
Niderfalkenstein (low Falkenstein) and it is well preserved part of
the complex. Falkenstein family died
out around 1300 and Upper and Lower citadels were given to two
different minor noble families.