The Schlossberg is a massive rock of dolomitic
rock and forms the core of the historic city of Graz , the capital
of Styria in Austria . It lies directly on the banks of the Mur and
towers 123 meters above the main square of Graz. In addition to the
clock tower , the landmark of Graz, are on the Schlossberg also the
bell tower, called Liesl , the Schlossberg Casemates, the 98 m deep
Türkenbrunnen, all remains of the castle and a number of smaller art
objects. As the core of the old town of Graz, it is part of the
UNESCO World Heritage City Graz - historical center and castle
Eggenberg. As any self respecting or important city in Europe
Graz had city walls and military towers for the defense of the city
residents. During the Napoleonic troops Graz was occupied by the
French troops of Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte. They dismantled and
blew up most of the defenses in 1809. Some of the remaining towers
The Glockenturm or the clock tower is the landmark and one of the
oldest buildings in the city of Graz. The tower was mentioned as
early as 1265 and contains three bells in its interior: the hour
bell (oldest bell of Graz: 1382), the Poor Sinner bell of about 1450
and the fire bell (1645). It measures 28 m or 92 feet in height.
The 34-meter-high, octagonal belfry was built in 1588 on behalf
of Archduke Charles II . In its interior is the third largest bell
of Styria, the 1587 in Graz by Martin "Mert" Hilger (1538-1601) cast
"Liesl" (by Elisabeth). It has a diameter of 197 cm and weighs 4633
kg. The bell is rung daily at 7, 12 and 19 o'clock with 101 strokes.
It is tuned to the main beat gis0. As a reason for this custom is
reported that the bell was cast out of 101 salvaged cannonballs of
the Turks. This tradition is probably not the reality, because the
"Liesl" is like most bells made of bronze, cannon balls but not.
Anyway, material was provided from the arsenal for the bell casting.
In 1809 the bell tower was spared by the French intervention by the
Graz citizens of the explosion. Under the bell tower is a dungeon
known as "Bassgeige".
On September 21, 1921, the
Schloßbergmuseum was opened in a small room on the second floor,
which remained in existence until the 1990s.