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Description of Graz
Graz (formerly also Grätz ) is the capital of
Styria and with 286,292 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2018) the
second largest city in the Republic of Austria. The city is located
on both sides of the Mur in the Graz basin. The metropolitan area of
Graz with 629,161 inhabitants (2017) for the metropolitan regions of
Vienna and Linz , the third largest metropolitan area in Austria.
Greater Graz has been Austria's fastest growing metropolitan area in
the past ten years.
Foundation of Graz dates back to the
Roman Empire. In the 6th century a castle was built here, from which
the name Graz derives (Slovenian "gradec" means "small castle"). The
City Arms received Graz 1245, 1379 to 1619 it was Habsburg royal
seat and resistance during this period several Ottoman attacks.
During WWII, Graz was part of Nazi Germany (along with the rest of
Austria). At the end of the war, Graz was surrendered to Soviet
troops largely intact; the historic old town was not seriously hit
during Allied bombing raids on the city. In 2003 Graz was the
European Capital of Culture ; In 2015 it became the Reformation city
Graz has developed into a university city with a
total of almost 60,000 students (as of 2 January 2017). It was
chosen as the city of human rights and is the sponsor of the Europa
Prize . The old town of Graz and Eggenberg Castle have been a UNESCO
World Heritage Site since 1999 and 2010 respectively. Graz is bishop
seat of the Diocese Graz-Seckau. Since March 2011, Graz has been
part of the Creative Cities Network as a UNESCO City of Design.
Travel Destinations in Graz
Graz is politically divided into 17 city districts.
|I. Inner city
II. St. Leonhard
VIII. St. Peter
XI. Maria Trost
The districts are arranged spirally counterclockwise. Starting from
the first district in an easterly direction, the spiral winds around
the inner city for a quarter of a quarter . The first six core
districts have grown historically, the remaining districts, formerly
suburbs, were incorporated in 1938 in the course of the formation of
Greater Graz . In 1988, Puntigam split from Straßgang.