Styria, Austria

Styria is one of the nine federal states of the Republic of Austria. Its capital is Graz, which is by far the largest city in Styria in terms of population, followed by Leoben, Kapfenberg, Bruck an der Mur and Feldbach. Austria's second-largest federal state in terms of area and fourth-largest in terms of population borders on the Austrian federal states of Carinthia, Salzburg, Upper Austria, Lower Austria and Burgenland, and in the south on the Republic of Slovenia. The residents are referred to as Styrians.

Until the end of the First World War there was the much larger Duchy of Styria as the crown land of the Austrian Empire, since 1867 in Austria-Hungary. Since the collapse of the Habsburg monarchy in October/November 1918 and the Treaty of Saint-Germain in 1919, Lower Styria, around a quarter of the historical Crown Land, has belonged to Slovenia.



Upper Styria is the alpine regions in the north of Styria with the Ausseerland (the Styrian part of the Salzkammergut) and the industrial and mining areas of the Mur-Mürz furrow. Important cities: Bruck an der Mur, Leoben, Kapfenberg, Mürzzuschlag, Judenburg, Murau, Liezen, Schladming.
Oststeiermark is the south-east of Styria and includes mountain pasture regions with fruit growing; the region is also known as the "garden of Austria". Important cities: Hartberg, Fürstenfeld, Weiz
West Styria are the non-alpine regions west of the Mur and in the south-west of Styria. Important cities: Graz, Voitsberg, Koeflach, Deutschlandsberg
Southern Styria is essentially in the district of Leibnitz, bordering on Slovenia. This area is one of the most beautiful and well-known wine-growing regions in Austria. Important cities: Leibnitz, Feldbach, Radkersburg.
Lower Styria was part of the historical crown land until 1918 and after the First World War it became part of Yugoslavia and after 1991 Slovenia (tourism region Štajerska). It roughly corresponds to today's Podravska region and small parts of the Pomurska region. Important cities: Maribor, Ptuj, Ljutomer.




Bad Aussee

Bad Blumau

Bad Waltersdorf

Bruck an der Mur


Other destinations

Deutschlandsberg Castle

Gesäuse National Park

Lurgrotte Caves

Castle Riegersburg

Schloss Eggenberg




In Styria, German or Austrian colloquial language is spoken. In the extreme south there are still small remnants of the autochthonous Slovene ethnic group.

The Styrian dialect in the northern half of the country belongs to the Central Bavarian dialect group, while that in Graz and in western and eastern Styria belongs to the Southern Bavarian dialect group. Particularly striking is the unmistakable diphtong pronunciation of the vowels e and o as e-i and o-u in almost all of Styria; in other federal states, the Styrian dialect is also known as Bellen ("Bäün"). As far as tourism is concerned, the vocabulary of Styrian hardly differs from other language varieties in Austria.


Getting here

By plane
In Graz there is the airport Graz-Thalerhof

By train
The Südbahn connects Vienna and Graz. In addition, there is the railway line from the east via the Wechsel and Oststeiermark, which is only of regional importance. International trains are also routed via the Ennstalbahn from Salzburg to Graz. Currently only one railway line runs from Carinthia to the Upper Mur Valley (Judenburg, Knittelfeld, Leoben area); the Koralmbahn, which will directly connect Carinthia with southern Styria, is under construction.

By bus
Inner Austria: From the Carinthian state capital of Klagenfurt there is an express bus connection operated by ÖBB to Graz and from Vienna, Linz and Salzburg there is a long-distance bus connection offered by Westbus (a division of the Westbahn company) via St. Michael, also to Graz. Coming from Germany, there are long-distance bus offers from the company Flixbus.

In the street
From Vienna you can either take the southern autobahn (A2) to southern Styria or the Semmering expressway (S6) to northern Styria. From the west (state of Salzburg) there is no expressway; you drive on the federal road 320 through the Ennstal to the district capital Liezen. From Carinthia, which is adjacent to the south-west, the southern autobahn leads to western Styria and to Graz, as well as a federal road to the Upper Mur Valley. Coming from the north (from Passau or Linz and Wels) you can take the Pyhrnautobahn (A9) to Liezen and further south. Styria can be reached from southern foreign countries on a main route on the Slovenian A1 motorway coming from Maribor, which continues to Leibnitz and Graz.

By bicycle
Long-distance cyclists can reach the province of Styria coming from Salzburg on the Ennstalradweg or on the Murradweg.



Herberstein Castle, Buchberg 1 . A legacy of 7 centuries of family history holds a true treasure trove of works of art. All around a historical rose garden full of beauty, magic and magic. In the Tierpark Herberstein, visitors can observe animals from five continents in spacious enclosures (almost like in the wild). The origins of the zoo can be found as early as the 17th century, when fallow deer were kept in Austria.
Kunsthaus Graz. For a long time, the clock tower was the symbol of Graz, but the city has now received a new architectural landmark: the Kunsthaus, also known as the "Friendly Alien". This extraordinary building in a central location was planned by the two London architects Peter Cook and Colin Fournier. 1066 acrylic glass elements form the outer skin of the "Friendly Alien", the Kunsthaus in Graz on the right bank of the Mur. In the evening, it sends moving light signals or writing from its BIX façade via the Mur. It sucks daylight from the north through the "nozzles" on its top. Needle is the name of the glass viewing platform that spans the Kunsthaus and Eisernes Haus to the east. Shop, administration and Camera Austria are located inside the Iron House - an institution that is dedicated to photography with exhibitions and the magazine of the same name. Camera Austria has been organizing exhibitions since 1975, and since October 2003 the international exhibition program of contemporary photography has been continued at the Kunsthaus Graz.
Admont Benedictine Abbey, Kirchplatz 1, etc. Tel.: +43 (0)3613 231 20, e-mail: . The Benedictine monastery is the oldest existing monastery in Styria. In addition to the largest monastery library in the world, the monastery also houses museums, medieval manuscripts and incunabula. Admont Abbey is also famous for its library, which contains 150,000 volumes, 1,100 manuscripts and 900 early prints, making it the largest abbey library in the world.
Mariazell. Mariazell has been one of the most important places of pilgrimage in Europe since the 14th century. The famous basilica is visited by around 1 million pilgrims from all over the world every year.
Due to its location and the strong fortifications, the Riegersburg, which was built on a volcanic cone and was first mentioned in a document in 1138, is the most important border fortress in eastern Styria. 3 kilometers of defensive walls with loopholes, seven gate buildings and eleven bastions made the castle an impregnable bulwark. At the end of the 16th century, the Riegersburg was expanded in the style of the late Renaissance, with the arcades and state rooms characteristic of that time. The treasures of the castle include the imposing Knights' Hall built around 1600 with magnificently inlaid doors, portal structures and coffered ceiling and the White Hall, completed in 1658 with an ornate stucco ceiling, a masterpiece of the early Baroque. The Riegersburg has been privately owned by the Liechtenstein family since 1822.

Caves accessible to visitors are:
Lurgrotte near Peggau.
Grasl Cave near Arzberg.
The approximately 450 m long Odelstein cave (in Johnsbach / Gesäuse).


What to do

Stubenbergsee. Swimming, inline skating, walking or just relaxing; Location: close to Stubenberg.
Herberstein Zoo, Buchberg 50, Stubenberg am See. Tel: +43 (0)3176 80777. Animals from five continents.
Michlhof riding stables, Zeil 45, 8223 Stubenberg am See. Tel.: +43 (0)3176 8897. Riding for beginners and advanced riders, sauna, children's playground.
Summer toboggan run, Weizerstrasse 47, 8191 Koglhof. Phone: +43 (0)664 28 34 180.
Here is a regionalization by the. Construction of a product-focused identity



The local specialty of Styria is pumpkin seed oil. In recent decades, a product-focused identity has been constructed in connection with pumpkin seed oil and has prevailed among younger generations. The designation "Styrian Pumpkin Seed Oil" was geographically protected by the EU; only pumpkin seed oil produced here may be sold under the name "Styrian Pumpkin Seed Oil g.g.A.". The oil must not be heated and only used for cold dishes. The nutty taste is unsurpassed and enriches every salad. It is also well suited as a souvenir to extend the taste of the holiday.

Beetle bean salad (Phaseolus coccineus) is served with onions and lots of pumpkin seed oil.

Backhendl (high German: "baked chicken") is also often mentioned as a local specialty, although it also claims Viennese cuisine for itself.
Styrian root meat is a popular classic. It is boiled pork chops (neck of pork) with vegetables, served with potatoes and grated horseradish (potatoes and horseradish)
Klachelsuppe (pork knuckle soup) is made from pork knuckle, carrots, celery, parsley, bay leaves, juniper berries, cumin, grated horseradish, peppercorns, marjoram, sour cream, flour, salt, pepper and a dash of white wine. The pork knuckle is cooked with the vegetables, later the bones are removed and the meat is cut into small pieces. The flour is mixed with the cream and stirred into the soup with spices and white wine. The soup is served hot and goes best with Heidensterz.

An overview of "good Styrian restaurants" that have to meet certain quality criteria (e.g., of course, in terms of cleanliness and service, but local food and wine must also be offered, etc.) can be found under Good Styrian restaurants, where to look Location or district can search for a restaurant.

Styria is also known throughout Austria for the extensive cultivation of apples - almost all apples that are sold in Austria come from eastern and southern Styria; the advertising slogan "Fresh, juicy, Styrian" is well known in Austria.



The Pfingststrudel is a traditional yeast pastry, especially in western Styria. It is usually baked at Whitsun and is best known for its sweet and spicy taste. Spicy tasting lovage is added to the sweet yeast dough. In the actual sense, contrary to what the name suggests, it is not a whirlpool.

Another well-known Styrian specialty is the Zotter chocolate factory, which is produced in Riegersburg in eastern Styria and is available in a large selection in many shops and supermarkets. What makes Zotter unique is that they make everything in-house from the first step to the last. The daring chocolate flavors, creative design and packaging have made the company a leader in organic chocolate. These chocolates are also notorious for daring flavor variations, such as banana curry, lingonberry porcini or rose basil (see
An extensive collection of Styrian cuisine recipes can be found in the Koch-Wiki under Category: Styrian cuisine.



The Schilcher, a rosé wine made from the Blue Wildbacher grape, is only produced here. The cultivation of the Uhudler wine was forbidden in Austria for a long time because it is an attached vine. However, despite the ban, the Uhudler was cultivated in eastern Styria and in the neighboring southern Burgenland, the sour wine is considered a delicacy. Cultivation has been allowed again for some years due to an EU rule as a local specialty in some neighboring communities in Burgenland, but not in Styria. However, it is also available for private sale here.



Most Styrian beer is brewed as a pale lager or pils beer type. One of the most popular types of beer in the region is Maerzen. The three most ubiquitous beers in Styria include Gösser from Leoben, Puntigamer from Graz and Murauer from Murau.


Public holidays

In Styria, there are basically the same public holidays as in all of Austria.

Appointment Name Meaning
01 January New Year's Day
January 6 Epiphany
variable Easter Sunday
variable Easter Monday
01 May national holiday
variable Ascension Day
variable Pentecost Sunday
variable Whit Monday
variable Corpus Christi
15 August Assumption
October 26 national holiday
01 November All Saints' Day
08 December Immaculate Conception
December 25 Christmas Day
December 26 St. Stephen's Day

Shops and government offices are usually closed on these public holidays. The only exception is December 8, when shops are often open from around 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. There are also exceptions in individual tourist areas.

There are also a few days when there is no school, for example, but which are not generally free of work and on which all shops are open, for example March 19 (national patron Joseph) and November 2 (All Souls' Day).



Like all of Austria, Styria is a very safe country. However, you should be careful of pickpockets in particularly busy places (like everywhere else in the world).



In summer you should be careful of ticks, a TBE vaccination is recommended (especially for hiking holidays and the like).



A certain basic politeness can only be recommended for a visit to Styria (just like everywhere else). However, there are no country-specific peculiarities to be observed.



Musicians from Styria have had a strong influence on Austrian popular music (Austropop) since the 1970s. Prominent representatives of this genre of music, who also like to sing in the Styrian dialect, are, for example, STS or Erste Allgemeine Verunsicherung. The songs "Fürstenfeld" by STS or "Steiermark" by Gerd Steinbäcker should be mentioned as the country's unofficial anthems.



The federal state of Styria has an area of 16,398.74 km², making it the second largest federal state in Austria. It has a 145 km long external border with Slovenia, which makes it - apart from the exceptional case of Vienna - the federal state with the shortest border length to foreign countries. The internal border to the neighboring federal states is 870 km long.

Styria is divided into several regions. In terms of area, Upper Styria is the largest, stretching from the northern state borders to the Styrian mountain range south of the Mur-Mürz furrow. West Styria lies to the south and west of the Mur. East Styria lies east of the Mur and south of the Wechsel and the Fischbach Alps. The provincial capital Graz is located between East and West Styria. Recently, the area of the provincial capital Graz and the Graz-Surroundings district has been referred to as Central Styria. Geographically, this area cannot be assigned to either East or West Styria. This classification of Styria, according to which large parts of Upper Styria are further west than West Styria, sometimes causes confusion for those who are not familiar with the area. It dates back to before the First World War, when East and West Styria together formed "Mittelsteiermark", while Lower Styria was the mixed-language German-Slovene area with the capital Marburg an der Drau (Slovene Maribor). This came after the end of the First World War to the Kingdom of Yugoslavia and is now part of Slovenia. The southern part of the country from about the Deutschlandsberg - Leibnitz - Bad Radkersburg line is called southern Styria and should not be confused with Lower Styria. Colloquially, however (at least in Upper Styria) today Southern Styria is often equated with Lower Styria.

Styria is also popularly known as the "Green Mark" and - mainly in tourism - the "Green Heart of Austria", since around 61 percent of its surface area is forested and another quarter is taken up by meadows, pastures, orchards and vineyards.

The Ennstal in the north of the country with its rugged rocks, from the Dachstein to the Gesäuse National Park, and the mountain plateaus between Hochschwab and Rax also made Styria known as an alpine federal state. In this area is the Hochwildstelle (also Hohe Wildstelle) at 2747 m above sea level. A. the highest mountain that lies entirely on Styrian territory. The south of the country is mostly hilly (wine-growing region), while the Grazer and Leibnitzer Feld along the Mur are flat.

The main river in Styria is the Mur, which has its source in Salzburg's Lungau region, shortly thereafter crossing the state border near Predlitz in western Upper Styria and flowing mainly in an easterly direction to Bruck an der Mur. There the river makes a bend and runs south to the Slovenian border at Spielfeld. From there, the Mur flows east again to Bad Radkersburg, forming the border with the neighboring country to the south. The length of the Mur in Styria is 290.9 km.

The largest lake in Styria is the Grundlsee with 4.3 km².

In 2021 the border between Burgenland and Styria was changed in the Burgauberg-Neudauberg and Neudau area. This border shift was triggered by flood protection and the associated regulation of the Lafnitz. Styria became 6000 square meters smaller in favor of Burgenland.



The area was originally populated by Celtic people. In the 6th century, Slavs settled from the east. Around the middle of the 8th century they asked the Bavarian duke Odilo for support in the fight against the Avars. The Bavarians were victorious and from then on lived side by side with the Slavs on the Styrian territory. The exact distribution of the population groups at that time is difficult to trace. Documents with the names of all residents of Scheifling and Lind date from around 1030. Most of the names are Slavic. The German settlers are likely to have represented a minority in the High Middle Ages. Because the high posts were occupied by German-speaking settlers, German became more and more popular. The Slavic past can still be read in many place names.

In 1180, Styria was elevated to a duchy under the Traungauers and the feudal ties to the Duchy of Bavaria and the Duchy of Carinthia were dissolved.

On the basis of a contract of inheritance concluded orally in 1186 (documented in the Georgenberg Handfest), the dukes of Austria from the Babenberg dynasty became dukes of Styria in 1192 (until 1246).

After the Babenbergs died out, Styria first passed to Hungary, and in 1261 to Bohemia. In the Peace of Ofen in 1254, the Traungau, which was connected to Styria, was separated. He became an essential part of the emerging "Principality above the Enns" (Upper Austria). At the same time, the county of Pitten, which belonged to Styria, was spun off and added to the Duchy of Austria, which at the time roughly corresponded to what is now Lower Austria.

In 1282 the Duchy of Styria, together with the Duchy of Austria, passed to the House of Habsburg. In the course of the Habsburg inheritance divisions, Styria became the central part of Inner Austria (with the Graz residence).

In 1918, the southern part of the duchy, Lower Styria, was separated by a decision of the local deputies, and in 1919 according to the provisions of the Treaty of Saint-Germain, and joined to the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, which later became the Republic of Yugoslavia Dissolution, a significant part of the Republic of Slovenia.

In 1938, after Austria's "annexation" to the German Reich, the Ausseerland in the extreme north-west of the federal state was spun off to Upper Austria ("Oberdonau") and in return southern Burgenland was added to Styria. After the end of World War II, these territorial changes were reversed; so the Ausseerland was reconnected to Styria on July 1, 1948. In May 1945, Styria was occupied by Soviet troops, but was under British administration from September 1945 to the summer of 1955.



The name Styria derives from the river Steyr (today in Upper Austria), which is based on the Celtic source word Stiria. It means 'the backwater, the standing one' due to the backwater when the Enns water level is high. The name passed to places etc., first documented on the Tabula Peutingeriana from the 4th century with a settlement called Stiriate (near today's Liezen), which was probably the capital of the Celtic tribe of the Stiriates. The name also passed to Steyr and the Styraburg, today's Lamberg Castle, first mentioned there in 985, where the Counts of Traungau had their seat at the time. The Margraves of Steyr, who came from the Traungau family, made a decisive contribution to the development of Styria. The common coat of arms, the silver, red-armed and horned, flame-breathing, erect panther on green, points to the common history of the city and the country. The part of the word -mark indicates the property as a border area (see Mark), which is explained by the Mark on the Mur.

The Duden and the Austrian dictionary list Styrian and Styrian as synonyms. In local usage, however, Styrian is mainly used as part of the name of authorities, offices, companies and associations.



The population of Styria on January 1, 2022 was: 1,252,922 inhabitants
Gender distribution: 50.6% female, 49.4% male
Age groups (2017): 18.2% under 20 years old, 20.1% over 65 years old
Life expectancy at birth (2017): 79.2 years for males; 84.1 years for women
Number of families 2012: 346,200
Average number of children per family with children in 2012: 1.60


Cities and communes

Metropolitan areas
The largest conurbation in Styria is the provincial capital Graz with 292,630 inhabitants. Around 320,000 people live in the agglomeration (main residence). The catchment area of the city includes over 700,000 people and extends from southern Upper Styria via the Grazer Feld to southern Burgenland and northern Slovenia. In particular, the neighboring communities of Seiersberg-Pirka, Feldkirchen near Graz, Gössendorf and Kalsdorf are growing.

Mur-Mürz furrow
The largest cities in the Mur-Mürz Furrow are Leoben, Bruck an der Mur and Kapfenberg. Here is the center of heavy industry. Together with their catchment area, they form the second conurbation in Styria with around 150,000 inhabitants.

The Aichfeld as the western part of the Mur-Mürz-Furche is located in the upper Murtal and forms the third Styrian conurbation with the communities of Knittelfeld, Judenburg, Fohnsdorf, Zeltweg and Spielberg. Around 44,000 people live in the catchment area.

The Red Bull Ring is also located here, as is the Hinterstoisser Air Base, Austria's largest military airfield.

German dialects
Bavarian dialects are spoken in Styria. They belong to the larger part to the Central Bavarian and to a smaller part to the South Bavarian.

The 2001 census revealed 4,250 Austrian Styrians with Slovene as their mother tongue. They have been recognized as an autochthonous minority since 2004 according to the state treaty (which largely regulates the minority rights of Slovenes and Croats in Austria) and therefore have a seat and voting rights in the advisory board for the ethnic groups.

There are also Slovenes who were born in Slovenia, i.e. who immigrated to what is now Styria. According to the Styrian provincial statistics, this applied to 6,911 people in 2011.



In the 2001 census, the following was collected from a total population of 1,183,303 inhabitants:

961,630 (81.0%) Catholics, the diocese of Graz-Seckau is responsible;
117,589 (9.9%) without religious affiliation,
51,005 (4.3%) Protestant, who are looked after by the Evangelical Superintendent AB Styria; the upper Ennstal is considered a stronghold, and in particular the municipality of Ramsau with 78.1%.
19,007 (1.6%) Islamic,
16,345 (1.4%) unspecified,
The proportion of Old Catholics (1,183) and Jews (161) who are cared for by the IKG Graz was below one per thousand.
16,383 (1.4%) professed all other religious communities.
Until 1938 there were several Jewish communities in Styria with synagogues in Bad Aussee, Bad Gleichenberg, Graz, Judenburg and Leoben.



Like Upper Austria, Styria is a swing state that usually has a signal character in nationwide elections. The ÖVP dominates in the rural areas of southern and eastern Styria, the SPÖ in the industrial regions of Upper Styria and in the railway junctions. But the FPÖ is also traditionally firmly anchored in Styria. The ÖVP dominated state politics, which provided all state governors up to the period from 2005 to 2015 and for a long time also exerted a very strong influence on the politics of the federal ÖVP and the election of their party leaders. Within the party, the Styrian provincial group was considered to be more liberally oriented with some "pioneers", but has gradually lost its strong position to Lower Austria over the past 20 years. From 2005 to 2015, the SPÖ provided Franz Voves as governor.


Euregio Graz-Maribor

The area includes southern Styria and northern Slovenia. Around 1.61 million people live in the region. A strong economic area is to be created through bilateral cooperation. But there is also cooperation in the social and cultural area.


National anthem

Since 1929, the Dachstein song, which begins with the words "Hoch vom Dachstein an...", has been the official national anthem of Styria. Although - contrary to political reality - the first stanza refers to the area of Lower Styria, which no longer belongs to the federal state, the text has not been changed to this day.


Economy and Infrastructure

Styria is a land of entrepreneurs with a strong industrial and commercial sector, lighthouse projects in tourism and agricultural products that are known beyond the borders.

With around one third, the manufacturing sector makes the largest contribution to regional value creation, followed by business-related services, trade and the banking sector. The most important employers are, in turn, the manufacturing companies, public administration and trade. In recent years, Styria has further expanded its position as the number one innovation country in Austria. With a research and development rate of 4.7%, Styria is one of the most innovative of the 274 regions in Europe. A total of around 1.75 billion euros are invested in research and development in Styria each year, three quarters of these investments are made by local companies.

In particular, the fast-growing conurbation of Graz with its large number of innovative, export-oriented companies and the Mur-Mürz furrow with its traditional industrial companies make a valuable contribution to this. In addition, Styria is home to five universities (Karl-Franzens University, Graz University of Technology, Graz Medical University, Graz University of the Arts, Montanuniversität Leoben), two universities of applied sciences (FH Joanneum, FH Campus 02), two teacher training colleges and a large number of non-university research institutions - a combination that has a positive effect on the competitiveness of local companies.

These are all reasons why Styria was awarded the title “European Entrepreneurial Region” in 2013. With this award, the EU honors regions every year that implement a particularly future-oriented economic policy.

The future economic strategy of the state will focus on the areas of mobility, green technology (Eco-Tech) and medical and food technology (Health-Tech).



The most important branches of industry in Styria are the machine and metal goods industry, the vehicle industry, the electrical and electronics industry as well as the paper and wood sector. Styrian industry is strongly export-oriented. Three quarters of the products manufactured in Styria are sold abroad - in some branches of the economy it is up to 99 percent (e.g. microchips). The most important sales markets are Germany, Italy, the United States and China. Almost 600 industrial companies secure more than half of Styrian jobs with their network.

In addition, the industry is training 3,000 young people to become skilled workers. One of the most important future questions for Styrian companies is finding technically qualified employees in the future. The Styrian industrial companies are to a large extent strongly technology-oriented and so many companies can call themselves European or world market leaders in their field.


Corporate groups

The Styrian mobility cluster ACstyria is an association of more than 290 Styrian companies that are active in the automotive, rail and aviation industries. The center of the mobility cluster is the provincial capital Graz. The largest and leading operation is the Magna Group. In the mobility cluster, a total of 55,000 people generated sales of 15 billion euros in 2017.

In Styria, the "Green Tech Cluster Styria" is one of the largest environmental technology networks in Europe, which led the rankings in 2010 and 2012 as the world's best "Cleantech Cluster". Between 2006 and 2015, the approximately 180 network companies in this "Green Tech Valley" grew their sales by an average of 16.4% per year, and an average of 1,000 new employees were added each year in the field of environmental technology. Of the total turnover of 10.2 billion euros, 3.6 billion euros were achieved purely with environmental technology. This corresponds to around 10% of Styria's gross regional product and one of the highest concentrations of environmental technology in the world. The network companies employed 39,300 people, half of them in the field of renewable energy and environmental technology. The best-known companies include Andritz AG, Roth, KWB and Joanneum Research. The "Green Tech Cluster" was awarded the European Union's Regiostars Award 2012 for innovative growth and the "Cluster Management Excellence Label" in gold.

In January 2022, 250 companies with 2,000 employees in research and 25,000 employees in environmental technology were listed for the "Green Tech Cluster". Their total turnover was estimated at five billion euros.



Upper Styria, especially the Styrian Salzkammergut and the Schladming-Dachstein region, as well as the thermal and volcanic region of Styria and East Styria are important tourist regions. The provincial capital of Graz and its surroundings also have high overnight stay rates.

In 2017, almost 12,821,161 overnight stays were counted throughout Styria, which corresponds to an increase of 3.5% compared to the previous year. Of the guests, 59.1% were nationals and 40.9% foreigners. In terms of the countries of origin, Germany is far ahead of the other countries of origin with 2,539,992 overnight stays, followed by Hungary (481,820), the Czech Republic (343,697) and the Netherlands (271,379).

For tourism reasons, the name Hochsteiermark was created for the eastern part of Upper Styria, which is marketed as a tourist region. With Southern Styria, the green heart of Austria, as Styria is also known, is home to one of the most well-known tourist regions in Austria. This region is particularly well-known for its wine and the wine routes such as the South Styrian Wine Route.



Public transport

The most important railway line in Styria is the Südbahn from Vienna via the UNESCO World Heritage Semmeringbahn and the Bruck an der Mur railway junction through the Styrian state capital of Graz to the Austrian-Slovenian border near Spielfeld. On this route there are hourly connections between Graz and Vienna with EuroCity trains and Railjets.

Another important railway line is the Rudolfsbahn from Sankt Valentin in Lower Austria to Tarvisio in Italy. In Styria, the Selzthal railway junction is on this route, where there is a connection to Linz via the Pyhrnbahn and to Salzburg via the Ennstalbahn, the Leoben junction, where there is a short connection to the southern railway near Bruck an der Mur, and the towns of Knittelfeld, Zeltweg and Judenburg. At Neumarkt in Styria, the railway line reaches the state border with Carinthia. Parts of the Rudolfsbahn are used, among other things, on the routes from Graz to Salzburg and from Vienna to Klagenfurt am Wörthersee.

Western Styria is accessed by the Graz-Köflacher Bahn with the two lines Köflacherbahn S7, Wieserbahn S61 and line S6 via Kalsdorf and the Hengsberg tunnel to the Wieserbahn.

The Koralmbahn, which is intended to create a direct connection between Graz and the Carinthian state capital of Klagenfurt, is currently under construction. The route, the heart of which will be the 33-kilometer Koralm Tunnel, is expected to be completed by 2026 and will partly run along the Wieserbahn.

International train connections that run via Styria include the routes from Vienna to Ljubljana (via Graz), from Vienna to Zagreb (via Graz), from Graz to Zurich, from Graz to Budapest, from Graz to Frankfurt am Main and from Graz to Saarbrücken. Important Austrian cities with direct connections from Graz include Innsbruck, Salzburg and Vienna.

Railway lines of secondary importance, which are regularly used by regional trains or S-Bahn trains for passenger transport, are:
the Styrian Eastern Railway
the Landesbahn Gleisdorf–Weiz,
the Radkersburg railway
the regional railway from Feldbach to Bad Gleichenberg,
the Köflacherbahn and the Wieserbahn,
the local train Peggau-Übelbach,
the Mur Valley Railway and
the thermal railway.

On some railway lines, such as the Mixnitz–Sankt Erhard local railway and the Feistritztalbahn, only freight traffic is scheduled. The Erzbergbahn and the Stainzerbahn only operate as museum railways.

The S-Bahn Styria was opened in December 2007 with six lines and is still in the expansion phase. This project has been in the works since 1998. Commissioning took place on December 9, 2007 and completion is scheduled for 2026. The S-Bahn offers better connections every 15 minutes. A total of up to twelve (currently eleven, Gleichenberger Bahn S32 planned after Ostbahn electrification) S-Bahn lines will be in full operation in the Greater Graz and Upper Styrian central area. The S-Bahn is a cooperation between the railway companies ÖBB, StB and GKB.



Two motorways and three expressways currently run through Styria.

The southern Autobahn A 2 leads from Vienna via the Wechsel, Graz, the Pack, Klagenfurt to the national border with Italy at Arnoldstein. The Gleisdorf–Graz–Mooskirchen section was the first autobahn section in Styria; it was initially built with six lanes (narrow emergency lane).
The Pyhrn Autobahn A 9 leads from the Voralpenkreuz junction in Upper Austria through the Bosruck tunnel, which is subject to a toll, into the Styrian Ennstal, via the Paltental and Liesingtal and the Gleinalm tunnel, which is subject to a toll, via Graz (the city is largely bypassed by the Plabutsch tunnel) to Spielfeld on the border with Slovenia.
The Semmering Schnellstraße S 6 connects the Süd-Autobahn at the Seebenstein junction in Lower Austria via the Semmering with the St. Michael autobahn junction on the Pyhrn autobahn.
The Murtal Schnellstraße S 36 runs from the St. Michael motorway junction to Judenburg-West, but is to be extended to Scheifling, where it is to merge with the Klagenfurt Schnellstraße S 37, which is also planned.
The Brucker Schnellstraße S 35 runs along the middle section of the Mur and connects the Mur-Mürz-Furche conurbation with the capital Graz. It begins at the Bruck junction and flows into the Pyhrn Autobahn A 9 at the Deutschfeistritz junction; it was completed on May 29, 2010.

The Fürstenfeld expressway S 7, which is currently under construction, will lead from Riegersdorf to the Austro-Hungarian border crossing at Heiligenkreuz.

In 2017, the degree of motorization (cars per 1,000 inhabitants) was 602.


Bicycle traffic

In the Styrian capital of Graz, cycling is very pronounced, accounting for 16% of the choice of mode of transport – by Austrian standards. In Styria as a whole, the share of cycling in traffic volume is around 6% and is thus roughly in line with the Austrian average. In the Strategy for Cycling Styria 2008-2012 of the State of Styria, the goal for 2012 is to double the share of cycling to 12%. In particular, cycling in everyday life should be promoted.

Cycle tourism is of great importance in Styria. The Mur Cycle Path, which runs mostly in Styria, from Predlitz on the Lungau border to the Styrian-Slovenian border near Bad Radkersburg, is the most important tourist cycle path in the country. There are a total of over 2000 kilometers of cross-regional cycle paths in Styria.


Airport Graz

About 10 km south of Graz city center is Graz Airport, which can be reached by bus and train. In terms of passenger volume in scheduled traffic, it is the third largest airport in Austria after Vienna and Salzburg and also ranks third in terms of freight volume in Austria. Austrian Airlines offers direct connections to Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Stuttgart and Vienna, KLM to Amsterdam, Lufthansa to Munich, Swiss to Zurich and Turkish Airlines to Istanbul.

In demand traffic, mainly holiday destinations on the Mediterranean are served.

The Austrian Aviation Museum has also been located at the airport since 1981.



Nurseries: 155 (2,508 children)
Kindergartens: 704 (27,413 children)
Horte: 63 (2,584 children)
Mixed-age care facilities: 14 (522 children)

compulsory schools:
Elementary schools: 484 (43,645 students)
Lower secondary schools: 139 (19,068 students)
Special schools 24 (676 students)
Polytechnic schools: 42 (2,233 students)
New middle schools: 107 (10,805 students)

Further training:
General secondary schools: 48 (27,112 students)
Compulsory vocational schools: 20 (18,882 students)
Vocational schools: 69 (5,576 students)
Higher vocational schools: 43 (17,441 students)
Teacher-training middle and high schools: 8 (2,507 students)
Healthcare Schools: 35 (3,693 students)

Universities (winter semester 2017/18):
University of Graz: 30,130 students
Medical University of Graz: 3,732 students
Graz University of Technology: 16,247 students
Montanuniversität Leoben: 3,811 students
University of Music and Performing Arts Graz: 1,880 students
Universities of Education: 1,999 students

Universities of Applied Sciences:
Campus 02 University of Applied Sciences Styria: 1,167 students
FH Joanneum: 4,637 students (2019)


Arts and Culture

Styria was already a cultural center in the Middle Ages. Ulrich von Liechtenstein (1200–1275) was one of the most important minnesingers; the Styrian rhyming chronicle from around 1300 is considered the first comprehensive historical work in German.

In the field of literature, Peter Rosegger should be mentioned in particular, whose socio-critical novels mostly take place in his Upper Styrian homeland, as well as Ottokar Kernstock, Franz Nabl and Max Mell in the early 20th century. Since the beginning of the 1960s, Graz has been an important crystallization point of contemporary Austrian literature: Authors such as Elfriede Jelinek, Alfred Kolleritsch, Wolfgang Bauer and Peter Handke have grouped themselves around the Forum Stadtpark and the magazine manuSkripte. Reinhard P. Gruber created a satirical monument to Styria with his novel From the life of Hödlmoser.

The composers Hugo Wolf, Johann Joseph Fux and Robert Stolz come from Styria. The Styriarte classical music festival has been held annually since 1985. In the field of popular music, artists such as S.T.S. and Andreas Gabalier as well as EAV achieved international fame.

In Styria, cultural life is significantly shaped by regular events such as the Regionale, which replaced the previous Styrian state exhibitions, the Diagonale Film Festival and the Steirischer Herbst.

With the Universalmuseum Joanneum (formerly the Landesmuseum Joanneum), founded in 1811 by Archduke Johann, who later became the German Imperial Regent, Styria is home to a museum with ten locations and 17 museums - including the Kunsthaus Graz, Schloss Eggenberg, the Landesarsenal, the Landscape Museum Schloss Trautenfels, Schloss Stainz with its hunting and agricultural museum and the Joanneum Quarter, which opened in 2011 and also houses the Neue Galerie Graz.

In addition, Styria has a lively folk culture. Through the efforts of Archduke Johann and important scholars such as Viktor Geramb and Konrad Mautner, a great deal of cultural property was preserved that was lost in other parts of Central Europe. Folk music, traditional costume (Styrian suit) and folk dance are cultivated in the state. Events such as Aufsteirern and the Narcissus Festival are worth mentioning in this context.


Sightseeing features

Among the most famous sights in Styria
the largest Marian pilgrimage church in Austria Basilica of Mariazell,
the Erzberg in Eisenerz,
the Benedictine monastery Admont,
the world's oldest active Cistercian monastery in Rein (est. 1129),
the animal and nature park Schloss Herberstein,
the Federal Stud Piber of the Lipizzaners,
the Dachstein,
the Austrian Open-Air Museum in Stübing near Graz,
the Riegersburg,
the green lake,
the Kulm ski jump in Bad Mitterndorf/Tauplitz as well as
the provincial capital of Graz, whose old town is a World Heritage Site.

The most famous baroque palace complex in Styria is Eggenberg Palace in Graz, which today houses the Old Gallery of the Joanneum Universal Museum. About one million paying guests visit the castle park every year.

The Herberstein Castle Animal and Nature Park is a zoo in the Styrian municipality of Stubenberg am See, near St. Johann near Herberstein, with a size of approximately 40 hectares. The park also includes Herberstein Castle, which dates back to the 12th century.

The largest castle in Styria is the Riegersburg, the beginnings of which date back to the 11th century. It is located in the place of the same name, Riegersburg in the district of Southeast Styria. The second largest castle is Strechau Castle in Upper Styria above Rottenmann.

Oberkapfenberg Castle in the town of Kapfenberg now houses a collection of historical weapons and a bird of prey show. The Grazer Schloßberg was the largest fortress in Styria. The fortress is listed in the Guinness Book of Records as an unconquered site. Only after Napoleon conquered Vienna and threatened to destroy the capital did the Schlossberg surrender and French troops razed most of the buildings.



A culinary specialty of Styria is pumpkin seed oil. The name Styrian Pumpkin Seed Oil has been a protected trademark since 1992. Also to be mentioned are Beetle Beans, Schilcher, Styrian Junker and the products of Zotter Schokoladen. Well-known brews are Murauer, Schladminger, Puntigamer, Reininghaus and Gösser beer.

Typical Styrian wines are made from the following grape varieties: Welschriesling, Pinot Blanc, Morillon, Sauvignon Blanc, Gelber Muskateller, Pinot Gris, Riesling and Traminer. The bright red "shimmering" Schilcher comes from western Styria.

Sterz is one of the famous typical Styrian meals. This can be prepared in a variety of ways and is eaten with coffee or soups. The Kern-Buam Da Styrian custom of "(...) Türkensterz with ana Schwaumm'suppn on it (...)" is also mentioned in the song that has become a folk song.