Stainz is a market town with 8,749 inhabitants (as of January 1,
2020) in the district and judicial district of Deutschlandsberg in
As part of the Styrian community structural reform, it has been merged with the communities of Stallhof, Stainztal, Rassach, Marhof and Georgsberg since 2015, the new community continues to bear the name Stainz. The basis for this is the Styrian Municipal Structural Reform Act - StGsrG.
Stainz is located on the foothills of the Koralpe in western Styria. The most important river in the municipality is the Stainzbach.
The former municipality of Rassach is traversed by the Saubach, an important elevation is the Frauenkogel at 404 meters.
The most important brooks in the former municipality of Marhof are the Theussenbach, the Sierlingbach and the Rainbach, which all flow into the largest brook in the area, the Stainzbach. Important elevations are the Rosenkogel (1362 m), Mothiltor (1240 m) and the Reinischkogel (1463 m) in the border area to the monastery and Edelschrott. The rocks on which Marhof lies belong to the Koralm crystalline and have been scientifically examined in detail.
The place name is z. B. in bus timetables, also called Stainz in West Styria. This serves to distinguish it from the place Stainz bei Straden in the district of Southeast Styria. Before 1919, the addition was also used to differentiate between places on the Stainz River (Ščavnica), e.g. B. Stanz, Stainzthal or St. Georgen an der Stainz (Sveti Jurij ob Ščavnici) in the then judicial district of Oberradkersburg in Lower Styria.
The place Stainz is located on the river of the same name, the Stainzbach, it is mentioned in 1160 as circa rivum stauwencz. The name is derived from a striking (sour or salty) tasting spring water (Sauerbrunn) and traced back to the Slovenian word ščava. Evidence for this is given that Stainz and other places with this name in Styria are located near places and bodies of water whose names (such as Sulz ...) indicate such bodies of water or which later became known as mineral waters (e.g. . Bad Sauerbrunn near Marhof west of Stainz).
The names Stainz and Sauerbrunn are regarded as a Slavic-German double name in this context.
Names of districts on ... neurath are regarded as clearing names that indicate a newly cleared area. The name Pösneurath near Pichling was mentioned in 1494 as Poesnewrat, which is interpreted as "clearing, which has only low value" (mhd. Bad "bad, low, worthless").
The place name Tomberg in the south of Stainz was written as Tanperg in 1432 and is thus derived from fir (a mountain overgrown with fir trees). Other spellings that prove this interpretation are 1373 Tamperch, 1465 am Tan bei Stainz, 1475 Tonberg, 1753 Tamberger hart.