Hallstatt

Hallstatt

Location: Upper Austria

 

Hallstatt is a market town in the Inner Salzkammergut on the west bank of Lake Hallstatt. Since around 1 200 BC Salt is mined here. The area (Hallstatt-Dachstein / Salzkammergut) was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1997.

The oldest traces that so far indicate human activity in Hallstatt are several stone axes and a deer antler ax, which date back to around 5,000 BC. were dated. These tools indicate that salt was already being extracted back then. Around 1 400 BC. (Bronze Age) there was then already an industrial-looking mining. An absolute climax of this degradation can be seen between 800 and 400 BC. classify. This Iron Age epoch is internationally known as the Hallstatt Period. Responsible for this, among other things, is the burial ground on the Salzberg, discovered by Johann Georg Ramsauer. The roughly 1,500 graves uncovered so far show rich grave goods. The place was later shaped by the Celts, only to come under Roman rule at the turn of the century.

Later this place formed an important economic pillar for the Habsburg empire through the salt production (together with the neighboring communities such as Gosau am Dachstein, Obertraun or Bad Goisern am Hallstättersee).

 

Travel Destinations in Hallstatt

Today Hallstatt draws numerous tourists with its beautiful views and picturesque mountains. But in the ancient times it was salt that was most praised by the ancient. Salt extraction began in the area as early as 8th century BC. Archeological digs in the area of the Hallstatt Lake yielded thousands of ancient burials along with precious artifacts from the Iron Age. Below is the map of the archeological sites identified by historians and archeologists around the area of Hallstatt.

 

Prahistorisches Museum (Hallstatt)

Tel. 06134 828 015
Open: Apr- Oct: daily
Nov- March: Wed- Sun
Pre- Historic Museum of Hallstatt houses a small collection of artifacts found during archeological digs in the area of Hallstatt. Many of the items that started the museum were brought here by Johann Georg Ramsauer (1795- 1874). He discovered a massive prehistoric cemetery of ancient people who lived in the vicinity of Hallstatt. In total there were at least 1300 burials. Interestingly enough the actual settlement where people lived eluded the scientists. It might be possible that the ancient people were nomadic people who didn't live in one location permanently. Instead they came to the area of Hallstatt to bury their dead a the shores of Hallstatt Lake.

 

Salzbergwerk (Hallstatt)

Tel. 06132 200 2400
Open: late Apr- Oct: daily
You can take a cable car up to Salzbergwerk. It is an active salt extraction mine where you can see century old practice in action. The first salt extraction operations started in Hallstatt as early as the 8th century BC.

 

Rudolfsturm (Hallstatt)

Rudolfsturm is a medieval tower that date back to 1284. It was erected to take a look over Salzburg mountains and keep salt extraction safe for the local workers.

 

Pfarrkirche (Hallstatt)

Pfarrkirche is the main church in Hallstatt that stands on the shores of the Hallstatt Lake. It was completed in late- Gothic architectural style and it became a sort of a symbol of local pride and an iconic image of a quiet Austrian town.

 

Beinhaus (Hallstatt)

Beinhaus or Charnel House is situated behind Pfarrkirche. It was used by citizens of Hallstatt to store their dead relatives since the 17th century.

 

Getting there

By plane
The nearest airport is the W.A. Mozart Airport in Salzburg. This is located about 75 km from Hallstatt. Vienna Airport can be reached within 3.5 hours.

By train
With the Salzkammergutbahn from the Attnang-Puchheim junction station on the western line or Stainach-Irdning from the southern line. 1 Hallstatt train station is on the opposite bank of the lake, the connection to the 2 place is made by ships.

By bus
Bus connection - from Salzburg - change in Bad Ischl - towards Hallstatt / Obertraun. Regional bus connections with the following locations: Bad Goisern am Hallstättersee, Bad Ischl, Gosau am Dachstein, Obertraun.

By street
Coming from Salzburg on the B 158 to Bad Ischl and continue on the B 145 to Bad Goisern. From there on the road along the west bank of Lake Hallstatt. Coming from Vienna on the A1 to the Regau junction, then continue on the B 145 via Gmunden, Ebensee, Bad Ischl. From Graz via the A 9 to Selzthal, B 320 via Liezen and B 145 via Bad Aussee.

By bicycle
The Salzkammergut cycle path R2 leads from Bad Goisern on Lake Hallstatt along the eastern shores of Lake Hallstatt via Obertraun to Hallstatt. The route on the western shore of the lake is partly on a busy road.

 

Around the city

The center of Hallstatt is traffic-calmed and can therefore only be visited on foot. Parking spaces are available outside the center on P1, P2 and P4. All parking spaces are chargeable (2019: € 13 / per day) Parking lot P3 is the bus parking lot, which is located just outside Hallstatt in the direction of Obertraun. The bus fee per day per bus is € 40.00. (As of 2019)