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The Hofburg in Innsbruck is a residence built and inhabited by the Habsburgs. Originally a castle complex from the late Middle Ages, it was expanded into a palace in the early modern period and became the seat of the Tyrolean princes and the residence of various members of the dynasty until the founding of the republic in 1918. The current state is based on the expansions under Empress Maria Theresa by the Court architect Johann Martin Gumpp the Younger in Rococo style and can be partially visited.
The first inn on this site was used by Duke Leopold III. This and
other properties were acquired by his son Frederick IV, whose son
Archduke Sigmund the Rich in Coins, Count of Tyrol, had a medieval
castle built. His successor, the Roman-German king and later Emperor
Maximilian I, expanded the complex. In 1534 the ceiling of the
Riesensaal, which had been renovated in 1510, was destroyed by fire and
then restored by King Ferdinand I. Due to earthquake damage to the
walls, the castle facade was reinforced in 1536 with semi-circular
It was Maria Theresa, who ruled from 1740 to 1780, who commissioned the conversion in the style of courtly Viennese rococo. This is how the magnificent building still presents itself today. Maria Theresa was only in Innsbruck twice, in 1739 while passing through and in 1765 for the marriage of her son Leopold II to the Spanish princess Maria Ludovica, which is commemorated by the triumphal gate at the end of Maria-Theresien-Straße. The wedding was overshadowed by the death of her husband Franz Stephan von Lorraine (as a result of a stroke) on August 18, 1765. The room where he died was converted into a chapel by order of the Empress. At that time, she also had the noble women's convent in Innsbruck built there. The canonesses had to pray for the late emperor. Members of the imperial family used the castle until the end of the monarchy in 1918. It was also the seat of the Tyrolean princes and is now owned by the Republic of Austria.
The Innsbruck Hofburg has a built-up area of around 5000 square
meters, there are around 400 rooms, including over 30 private
apartments. The building has four floors, the chapel and two larger
halls are several floors high.
The large courtyard is accessed through the southern castle gate, further on is the smaller kitchen courtyard to the west. You can also visit the state rooms, including:
Riesensaal (Festsaal) with portraits of Maria Theresa, her husband and their 16 children. The room is 31.5 meters long, 13 meters wide and 11 meters high. It is not named because of its size, but because of the giants depicted in paintings from the 16th century.
Gardesaal (reception room for the Riesensaal)
Imperial Apartments (Lorraine Room, Chapter Room, Ferdinand Room)
Hofburg chapel with anteroom and sacristy
Andreas-Hofer-Saal, Andreas Hofer resided here from August 13 to October 21, 1809
Yellow Room, White Salon, Pink Salon, Roundel Room, Passage Room, Bedroom, Corner Cabinet, Chinese Room, Audience Room
The courtyard garden, which is diagonally opposite, belongs to the Hofburg.