Vichtenstein Castle was constructed either in 1090 by
Henry II of Formbacj or his son Earl of Formback. It was one of the
best protected citadels in the region. It is no suprise that it
played an important role in the history of the Upper Austria region.
Vichtenstein Castle became an administrative center of the Bishopric of
Passau. It happened due to a conflict between castle owners and the
Bishopric. It started with a failed attempt by King Andrew of
Hungary to capture the Holy Land after it was re- conquered by the
Arab Muslim forces. After failed military expedition king Andrew
along with numerous German and Austrian knights attacked Egypt in
1218. Right before the expedition many knights, including owners of
Vichtenstein Castle (Count Conrad of Wasserburg and Vichtenstein)
signed their lands in a will to the local bishop. In return bishop
would grant a small loan to Conrad. While initially Conrad and the
Crusaders were successful, they failed to reach their objectives.
After return home Conrad got in legal trouble for robbing and
pillaging local vilalges and torturing local peasants. He lost Vichtenstein Castle and shortly
In the 14th century Vichtenstein Castle was acquired by the Counts of Schauberg.
In 1868 fortress was acquired by the Count of Pachta. After the end of
World War II Vichtenstein Castle became a detention center for
refugees and internally displaced people. Today Vichtenstein Castle is open to the public.
It is one of the best preserved and impressive castles in the Upper