Vichtenstein Castle (Vichtenstein Burg)

 Vichtenstein Castle (Vichtenstein Burg)

Vichtenstein Castle or Vichtenstein Burg is a medieval citadel in the Danube River valley in Upper Austria region of Austria.



Location: Upper Austria  Map

Constructed: 1090 by Henry II


Description of Vichtenstein Castle

Vichtenstein Castle was constructed either in 1090 by Henry II of Formbacj or his son Earl of Formback. It was one of the best protected citadels in the region. It is no suprise that it played an important role in the history of the Upper Austria region.


Since 1227 Vichtenstein Castle became an administrative center of the Bishopric of Passau. It happened due to a conflict between castle owners and the Bishopric. It started with a failed attempt by King Andrew of Hungary to capture the Holy Land after it was re- conquered by the Arab Muslim forces. After failed military expedition king Andrew along with numerous German and Austrian knights attacked Egypt in 1218. Right before the expedition many knights, including owners of Vichtenstein Castle (Count Conrad of Wasserburg and Vichtenstein) signed their lands in a will to the local bishop. In return bishop would grant a small loan to Conrad. While initially Conrad and the Crusaders were successful, they failed to reach their objectives. After return home Conrad got in legal trouble for robbing and pillaging local vilalges and torturing local peasants. He lost Vichtenstein Castle and shortly thereafter excommunicated.


In the 14th century Vichtenstein Castle was acquired by the Counts of Schauberg. In 1868 fortress was acquired by the Count of Pachta. After the end of World War II Vichtenstein Castle became a detention center for refugees and internally displaced people. Today Vichtenstein Castle is open to the public. It is one of the best preserved and impressive castles in the Upper Austria region.