Pazardzhik is a district town in Southern Bulgaria, the administrative center of Pazardzhik municipality and Pazardzhik district. It is located 37 km west of Plovdiv and 112 km southeast of Sofia. It lies on both banks of the Maritsa River in the western part of the Upper Thracian Lowland and is the second most important cultural and administrative center in South Central Bulgaria. The last census of the NSI at the end of 2018 estimates the population of the city at 68,194 inhabitants.

Pazardzhik is located in the westernmost part of the Upper Thracian lowland, part of the common Pazardzhik-Plovdiv field, at an altitude of 205 m. Initially, the city was located on the left bank of the Maritsa. After his liberation from the Turkish yoke, he began to grow on the right bank of the river. Pazardzhik is a lowland town. The Pazardzhik field is surrounded by Sredna Gora, to the north and the Rhodopes, to the south.

The distance from Sofia to Pazardzhik is 112 km along the Trakia highway, and to Plovdiv - 37 km. The road to Panagyurishte is 43 km, to Strelcha 40 km, to Peshtera / Batak - 35 km, through the gorge of the Chepinska River to Velingrad / Rakitovo - 41 km.

The city's climate is transitional between temperate and Mediterranean climates. It is characterized by warm and almost dry summers and humid and moderately cold winters. The average annual air temperature is 12.5 ° C. The warmest months are July and August with an average monthly temperature of 23 - 24 ° C, and the coldest January and February with an average monthly temperature of 1 - 2 ° C. The days with temperatures above 32 ° C are about 35 per year.

The absolute minimum measured in the town of Pazardzhik is - 29.5 ° C.

The annual amount of precipitation is about 500 mm, which ranks Pazardzhik among the driest cities in Bulgaria. There are two highs and two lows of precipitation - respectively in May-June; November-December and February-March; August September. During the periods with maximum precipitation, torrential quantities with a value of more than 120 mm are sometimes poured, accompanied by unfavorable climatic phenomena such as hail, fog, frost, etc. In the months with a minimum of precipitation, they fall below 30 mm, resulting in permanent droughts with prolonged heat.

Due to the fact that Pazardzhik is located in the lowlands and is surrounded by fenced mountains, the winds in the area are weak. The average annual speed is about 1 m / s. The warm and gusty wind is typical, blowing from the northern slopes of the mountains and raising the temperatures in winter.

Unpleasant climatic phenomena: in the cold half of the year this is the so-called. temperature inversion, which occurs when cold Arctic air invades the country and so in the lowlands and valleys the temperature can drop to -20 ° C. The fog is typical in December. Unpleasant for the summer season is the summer storm, with strong gusts of wind, hail and thunderstorms. Another unpleasant climatic phenomenon that affects Pazardzhik during the warm half of the year is the drought, accompanied by hot tropical air, which can raise the temperature to over 40 ° C. In the transitional seasons, early autumn and late spring frosts can be dangerous.