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Cathedral of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin
10am- 5pm Mon- Sat
1- 5pm Sun
Description of Cathedral of the Assumption of the
Blessed Virgin Mary
The Zagreb Cathedral, located in the Kaptol
neighborhood of the Croatian capital, is dedicated to the Assumption
of Mary and St. Stephen and St. Ladislaus of Hungary. Its slender
towers can be seen from almost the entire city. In 1094 King
Ladislaus founded the Archdiocese of Zagreb and then built a small
Romanesque church with a simple nave to be enlarged later. During
the rough invasion of 1242, it was set on fire. It was not until the
thirteenth century that Bishop Timothy built the central nave, with
two adjoining chapels and the sacristy.
The construction and
decoration of the Cathedral was continued by Bishop Stephen III
(Kanižaj) in the second half of the fourteenth century, who
completed the construction with the latest styles and finished the
central nave and the first Gothic chapels to the north and south.
Again the fire burned him almost completely at the end of the same
At the beginning of the 15th century, Bishop
Eberhard appointed some of the most distinguished European master
craftsmen to renovate the church in the late Gothic style. But
meanwhile, he suffered an attack from Count Celjski that destroyed
it again. In addition, Nikola Thurn, the commander of the Spanish
auxiliary troops, destroyed the two bell towers in 1529.
the middle of the 16th century, the Cathedral was reconstructed in
Gothic style, with the decoration commissioned by Bishop Osvald
Thuz. During the next century a massive five-sided bell tower with
Renaissance elements, a watchtower and a defensive building that
replaced earlier small bell towers were erected near the cathedral.
The bell tower represented the symbol of the city until the
earthquake of 1880 and can be found in all the drawings and the
first photographs made of Zagreb.
Bishop Juraj Haulik
(1837-1852) introduced new Croatian-style furniture, made changes to
the altar by decorating with wooden sculptures and enriched and
decorated the entire sanctuary.