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Břevnov Monastery

Břevnov Monastery

Brevnov Monastery is a Roman Catholic complex in the Prague outskirts. It was originally found in the ninth century.

 

 

Location: Marketska 28, Brevnovsky Klaster

Established: 993 AD

Tel. 220 406 111

Trolley: 8, 15, 22, 25

www.brevnov.cz

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

History of Brevnov Monastery

 

Brevnov Monastery was found in 993 AD by Vojtech who was the second bishop of Prague, who was later canonized by the Roman Catholic Church. Due to political rivalry inside the big city he was forced to resign his position. He briefly went to Rome and then he came back to Central Bohemia he established a monastery with help of Benedictine monks.

 

The legend claims that residents around Brevnov Monastery found timber that was floating on the surface of a well. Locals used it to construct the new monastery. In Czech the name of Brevnov Monastery is translated as a "Timber" Monastery. The name is unofficial, but it stuck with Brevnov Monastery for ease of pronunciation since its official name of Benedictine Archabbey of Saint Vojtech (Adalbert) and Saint Margaret is pretty long. 

 

Brevnov Monastery was constructed and destroyed repeatedly. Unfortunately we don't know how did it look. Brevnov Monastery along with Bohemia was swept by religious conflicts of Hussite and Thirty Years' Wars. It's current Baroque facade was acquired in the eighteen century by architect Dientzenhofers and his son. The interior of Church of Saint Margaret is covered by frescoes of Brandl. It carries a noble title of Basilica Minor, given to it by pope. Locals claim that it is the first church in the vicinity of Prague to receive such an award. It is interesting to note that in times of Communist regime between 1948-1989 it was used as one of headquarters of the Secret Police.

 

Today Brevnov Monastery is open to the public. The best time to visit is warm months of the year on weekends then the garden and the main church are open to the public. After collapse of atheistic Communist government about a dozen monks got a chance to return to the monastery. Besides main buildings you can inquire about old Romanesque crypt that was found here during archaeological digs in 1969. It is one of the few surviving structure from the Medieval period of the monastery history.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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