Czech Republic

Czech Republic Destinations Travel Guide

 


Language: Czech

Currency: Czech koruna (CZK)

Calling Code: +420

 

Description of Czech Republic

The Czech Republic is a landlocked Central European sovereign country. It borders Germany to the west, Austria to the south, Slovakia to the east and Poland to the north. Its capital and largest city is Prague. The Czech Republic has territories of what were once Moravia and Bohemia and a small part of Silesia. The Czech state, formerly known as Bohemia, was formed in the ninth century AD like a small duchy around Prague in the bosom of the then powerful Great Moravian Empire. After the dissolution of this empire in 907, the center of power passed from Moravia to Bohemia under the Premislidas dynasty and from 1002 the duchy was formally recognized as part of the Holy Roman Empire. In 1212 the duchy reached the category of kingdom and during the government of the kings and dukes Premislidas and their successors, the Luxemburg, the country reached its greatest territorial extension in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. During the Hussite wars the kingdom had to suffer economic embargoes and the arrival of crusader knights from all over Europe.

After the battle of Mohács in 1526, the Kingdom of Bohemia gradually became part of the Habsburg domains as one of its three main domains, along with the Archduke of Austria and the Kingdom of Hungary. The defeat of the Bohemians in the battle of the White Mountain, which meant the failure of the revolt of 1618-1620, led to the Thirty Years War and a greater centralization of the monarchy, in addition to the imposition of the Catholic faith and germanization. With the dissolution of the Sacrum Germanic Roman Empire in 1806, the kingdom of Bohemia was integrated into the Austrian Empire. During the nineteenth century the Czech lands rose as the industrial center of the monarchy and later as the nucleus of the Czechoslovak Republic that was created in 1918, the result of the collapse of the Austro-Hungarian Empire in the First World War. After 1933, Czechoslovakia was the only democracy in all of Central and Eastern Europe.

After the Munich Accords in 1938, the Polish annexation of the Zaolzie area and the German occupation of Czechoslovakia and the consequent disillusionment of the Czechs with the poor response of the West, the communists won their favor by liberating the country from the Nazi yoke during the Second World War. The Communist Party of Czechoslovakia won the 1946 elections and in the 1948 Prague Coup the country became governed by communism. However, the growing dissatisfaction of the people led to the reform of the regime, which culminated in the so-called Prague Spring of 1968 and led to the invasion of the armed forces of the Warsaw Pact, troops who remained in the country until the Revolution Velvet 1989, when the communist regime collapsed. On January 1, 1993, Czechoslovakia was divided peacefully into its two constituent states, the Czech Republic and the Slovak Republic.

In 2006, the Czech Republic became the first former member of the Comecon to achieve the full status of a developed country according to the World Bank, and the country has the highest rate of human development in all of Central and Eastern Europe. considered a State with "Very high human development". It is the ninth most peaceful country in Europe, the most democratic and the one with the lowest infant mortality in its region. The Czech Republic is a representative parliamentary democracy, a member of the European Union, NATO, the OECD, the OSCE, the Council of Europe and the Visegrád Group.

 

Travel Destinations in Czech Republic

Central Bohemia (Czech Republic)

Prague
Kolín
Kutná Hora
Mělník
Nymburk
Beroun
Kralupy nad Vltavou
Mladá Boleslav
Poděbrady
Příbram
Zruč nad Sázavou
Říčany
Bertramka Mozart Museum
Břevnov Monastery
Karlštejn Castle
Kokořín Castle
Křivoklát Castle
Koněprusy Caves
Okoř Castle
Točník Castle
Troja Palace
Vyšehrad Castle
Zbraslav Château

 

South Bohemia (Czech Republic)

Tábor
Český Krumlov
České Budějovice
Třeboň
Slavonice
Písek
Jindřichův Hradec
Holašovice
Nové Hrady
Orlík Castle
Rožmberk nad Vltavou
Strakonice Castle
Šumava National Park
Vyšší Brod Monastery
Zlatá Koruna Monastery
Zvíkov Castle

 

West Bohemia (Czech Republic)

Cheb

Františkovy Lázně

Karlovy Vary

Lázně Kynžvart

Loket

Mariánské Lázně

Plzeň

Černé Jezero

Rabí Castle

Švihov Castle

Velhartice Castle

 

North Bohemia (Czech Republic)

Liberec

Ústí nad Labem

Most

Děčín

Chomutov

Teplice

Litoměřice

Žatec

Česká Lípa

Rumburk

Bezděz Castle

České Švýcarsko National Park

Český Ráj

Hauenštejn Castle

Kost Castle

 

East Bohemia (Czech Republic)

Hradec Králové

Špindlerův Mlýn

Adršpach-Teplice Rocks

Krkonoše National Park

 

Highlands (Czech Republic)

Jihlava
Chotěboř
Havlíčkův Brod
Humpolec
Nové Město na Moravě
Pelhřimov
Telč
Třebíč
Třešt
Velká Bíteš
Velké Meziříčí
Žďár nad Sázavou

 

North Moravia and Silesia (Czech Republic)

Ostrava

Olomouc

Český Těšín

Havířov

Jeseník

Litovel

Opava

Příbor

Prostějov

Uničov

Bouzov Castle

Brníčko Castle

Helfštýn Castle

Sovinec Castle

 

South Moravia (Czech Republic)

Brno

Vranov nad Dyji

Blansko

Kroměříž

Luhačovice

Mikulov

Novosedly na Moravě

Rakvice

Znojmo

Zlín

Boskovice Castle

Landštejn Castle

Pernštejn Castle

Podyjí National Park

Slavkov Castle

 

Geography of Czech Republic

Czech Republic is a country in the Central Europe. Its shares its borders with Poland, Germany, Austria and Slocakia. The largest river in the country is Vltava that flows through the capital of the country- Prague. In springs it occasionally causes troubles by flooding cities, villages and surrounding fields.

Politics of Czech Republic

Czech Republic is a democratic Republic. The head of the state is the president. Legislative branch is bi- chambered parliament that consists of Senate and Chamber of Deputies.

Language in Czech Republic

The official language in the country is Czech that is part of the Slavic languages. Also German, English, French and Russian are widely spoken.

Religion in  Czech Republic

Catholics make up 39% of the population, 5% are Protestant and Orthodox Christians make up about 3% of the country.

 

 

 

Important numbers

Emergency numbers

Embassies and Consulates

Ambulance

155

112 (English)

Fire

150

 

Police

158, 156

US Embassy

Trziste 15, Prague

Tel. 25- 75 30 663

 

UK Embassy

Thunovska 14, Prague

Tel. 25- 74 02 111

Australian Consulate

Klimentska 10, Prague

Tel. 25- 10 18 350

 

Canadian Embassy

Muchova 6, Prague

27- 21 01 800

www.canada.cz

 

History

Czech lands have been known since the end of the 9th century, when they were united by Przemysloviches. In the Czech Chronicle of Kozma of Prague you can read: “In the summer from the birth of Christ 894. Borzhiva, the first prince of the holy Christian faith, was baptized.” The question of the reliability of this fact is controversial. The Kingdom of the Czech Republic (Bohemia) possessed considerable power, but religious conflicts (Hussite wars in the 15th century and the Thirty Years' War in the 17th century) devastated it. Later it came under the influence of the Habsburgs and became part of Austria-Hungary, becoming the crown lands of Bohemia, Moravia and Silesia.

Due to the collapse of this state after the First World War, the Czech Republic, Slovakia and Subcarpathian Rus united and formed the independent republic of Czechoslovakia in 1918. A rather large ethnic German minority lived in this country, which became the reason for the disbandment of Czechoslovakia when Germany achieved the annexation of the Sudetenland as a result of the Munich Agreement of 1938, which led to the secession of Slovakia. The remaining Czech state was occupied by Germany in 1939 and became known as the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia.

After World War II, Czechoslovakia fell into the Soviet sphere of influence and became a socialist country (Czechoslovakia). In 1968, the invasion of the Warsaw Pact troops ended the attempts of the country's leaders, led by Alexander Dubcek, to liberalize party rule and create “socialism with a human face” during the Prague Spring.

In 1989, Czechoslovakia turned off the path of socialist development as a result of the Velvet Revolution. January 1, 1993, the country was peacefully divided into two, with the formation of the independent Czech Republic and Slovakia ("velvet divorce").

The Czech Republic joined NATO in 1999 and the European Union in 2004. Simultaneously with the entry into the EU, the Czech Republic signed the Schengen Agreement, and from December 21, 2007, border control on the Czech land borders was canceled. On March 31, 2008, control was also canceled on flights arriving from Schengen countries. From January 1, 2009, the Czech Republic was the President of the Council of the European Union for 6 months (until June 1, 2009).