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Czech Republic

Czech Republic Destinations Travel Guide





Language: Czech

Currency: Czech koruna (CZK)

Calling Code: +420

Brief History






Description of Czech Republic

The Czech Republic is a landlocked Central European sovereign country. It borders Germany to the west, Austria to the south, Slovakia to the east and Poland to the north. Its capital and largest city is Prague. The Czech Republic has territories of what were once Moravia and Bohemia and a small part of Silesia. The Czech state, formerly known as Bohemia, was formed in the ninth century AD like a small duchy around Prague in the bosom of the then powerful Great Moravian Empire. After the dissolution of this empire in 907, the center of power passed from Moravia to Bohemia under the Premislidas dynasty and from 1002 the duchy was formally recognized as part of the Holy Roman Empire. In 1212 the duchy reached the category of kingdom and during the government of the kings and dukes Premislidas and their successors, the Luxemburg, the country reached its greatest territorial extension in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. During the Hussite wars the kingdom had to suffer economic embargoes and the arrival of crusader knights from all over Europe.

After the battle of Mohács in 1526, the Kingdom of Bohemia gradually became part of the Habsburg domains as one of its three main domains, along with the Archduke of Austria and the Kingdom of Hungary. The defeat of the Bohemians in the battle of the White Mountain, which meant the failure of the revolt of 1618-1620, led to the Thirty Years War and a greater centralization of the monarchy, in addition to the imposition of the Catholic faith and germanization. With the dissolution of the Sacrum Germanic Roman Empire in 1806, the kingdom of Bohemia was integrated into the Austrian Empire. During the nineteenth century the Czech lands rose as the industrial center of the monarchy and later as the nucleus of the Czechoslovak Republic that was created in 1918, the result of the collapse of the Austro-Hungarian Empire in the First World War. After 1933, Czechoslovakia was the only democracy in all of Central and Eastern Europe.

After the Munich Accords in 1938, the Polish annexation of the Zaolzie area and the German occupation of Czechoslovakia and the consequent disillusionment of the Czechs with the poor response of the West, the communists won their favor by liberating the country from the Nazi yoke during the Second World War. The Communist Party of Czechoslovakia won the 1946 elections and in the 1948 Prague Coup the country became governed by communism. However, the growing dissatisfaction of the people led to the reform of the regime, which culminated in the so-called Prague Spring of 1968 and led to the invasion of the armed forces of the Warsaw Pact, troops who remained in the country until the Revolution Velvet 1989, when the communist regime collapsed. On January 1, 1993, Czechoslovakia was divided peacefully into its two constituent states, the Czech Republic and the Slovak Republic.

In 2006, the Czech Republic became the first former member of the Comecon to achieve the full status of a developed country according to the World Bank, and the country has the highest rate of human development in all of Central and Eastern Europe. considered a State with "Very high human development". It is the ninth most peaceful country in Europe, the most democratic and the one with the lowest infant mortality in its region. The Czech Republic is a representative parliamentary democracy, a member of the European Union, NATO, the OECD, the OSCE, the Council of Europe and the Visegrád Group.


Travel Destinations in Czech Republic

Central Bohemia (Czech Republic)

Bertramka Mozart Museum


Bertramka Mozart Museum is a former house of Mr and Mrs Dušek that often hosted Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart in his frequent trips to Prague.

Břevnov Monastery


Brevnov Monastery is a Roman Catholic complex in the Prague outskirts. It was originally found in the ninth century.


Karlštejn Castle


Karlstein Castle is the largest and most impressive Gothic fortress in the country that served as a former royal residence.


Kokořín Castle


Kokorin Castle or Hrad Kokořín although fairly small is one of the most picturesque castles in Czech republic located 10 km (6 mi) Northeast of Mělník



Kolin is a modest sized historic medieval town in the Central Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic.

Křivoklát Castle


Křivoklát Castle was constructed in the 13th century by Bohemian king Přemysl Otakar II on the site of the older 12th century citadel.

Koněprusy Caves


Koneprusy Caves are natural underground formations with picturesque geologic formations and unique biosphere.

Kutná Hora


Kutna Hora is one of the largest and unique medieval towns of Central Bohemia that grew around abundant silver mines.



Mělník is historic town in Central Bohemian Region at the confluence of the Labe and Vltava rivers.




Nymburk is a medieval Czech historic town that was found in 1275 during reign of Premysl Otakar II.

Okoř Castle


Okoř Castle is a ruined military citadel that was constructed in 1359 by Frantisek Rokyčansky, a wealthy citizen of Prague.



Prague is the largest city of Czech Republic as well as its capital. Its historical center is one of the most beautiful complexes in Europe.

Točník Castle


Tocnik Castle is a well preserved medieval citadel that stands on a strategic hill overlooking surrounding countryside.

Troja Palace


Magnifecent Troja Palace in the outskirts of Czech capital of Prague is well worth a visit for its architecture and art gallery.

Vyšehrad Castle


Well preserved Vysehrad Castle is a historical medieval fortifications that is located in the South neighborhood of Prague.

Zbraslav Château


Zbraslav Chateau is a former Catholic monastery in Zbraslac municipality in the outskirts of Prague.


South Bohemia (Czech Republic)

Český Krumlov


Magnificent medieval Cesky Krumlov is famous for its beautiful architecture, rich history and pleasant atmosphere.

Orlík Castle


Magnificent Orlik Castle is a medieval fortress perched on a high cliff in South Bohemian Region.

Rožmberk nad Vltavou


Rožmberk nad Vltavou is an impressive medieval fortress in a South Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic.

Strakonice Castle


Strakonice Castle is a medieval fortress in South Bohemian Region famous for its colorful and rich history.

Šumava National Park


Sumava National Park is a massive nature reserve in Plzen and South Bohemian Regions.




Tabor is a historic town that played an important role in the country's history including being the heart of the Hussite rebellion.


Vyšší Brod Monastery


Vyssi Brod Monastery is a large historic Roman Catholic religious complex in South Bohemia region.


Zlatá Koruna Monastery


Zlata Koruna Monastery or Golden Crown is a magnificent Roman Catholic abbey that was constructed in 1263 during reign of King Premysl Otakar II.

Zvíkov Castle


Zvikov Castle is a large medieval fortress situated on a picturesque peninsula at the junctions of Otava and Vltava rivers.



West Bohemia (Czech Republic)

Černé Jezero


Černé Jezero or Black lake is a picturesque lake hidden in dense Bohemian Forest in Czech West Bohemia.


Loket Castle


Medieval Loket Castle hold high ground on a hill overlooking Eger river in Czech Republic.



Rabí Castle


Rabí Castle is located in Plzeň Region of the Czech Republic. It is one of the largest medieval fortress in the country.


Švihov Castle


Svihov Castle is a medieval citadel that constructed in 1480- 89 by the orders of Rýžemberk family and under supervision of Benedikt Rieto.

Velhartice Castle


Medieval Velhartice Castle is a Gothic fortress that was constructed in 1290-1310 by Bohumil of Budětice and later followed by Bušek the Elder.



North Bohemia (Czech Republic)

Bezděz Castle


Bezdez Castle is one of the few original medieval castles that kept its original layout and yet it is preserved in a fairly good condition.

České Švýcarsko National Park


Ceské Švýcarsko National Park or Czech Switzerland is a nature reserve situated in North-western Czech Republic.

Český Ráj


Cesky Raj or simply Czech Paradise is a protected area in Czech Republick famous for its geologic formations.


Hauenštejn Castle


Hauenštejn Castle is a former military citadel that served as a royal residence after it lost any military significance.


Kost Castle


Kost Castle or Bone Fortress was erected in 14th century by Peter von Wartenberg. It became a bone in a throat of many armies that tried to take it.



East Bohemia (Czech Republic)

Adršpach-Teplice Rocks


Magnificent and picturesque Adršpach-Teplice Rocks are sandstone formations preffered by hikers, climbers and base jumpers alike.

Krkonoše National Park


Krkonoše National Park in Czech Republic is listed as UNESCO Biosphere Reserve site for its beaty and unique biosphere




North Moravia and Silesia (Czech Republic)

Bouzov Castle


Bouzov Castle or Hrad Bouzov is situated 28 km Northwest of Olomouc in Moravia, Czech Republic. The castle existed since at least 1317.

Brníčko Castle


Brníčko Castle is situated 184 km east of Prague in the Olomouc Region of Czech Republic. The first time it was mentioned was in 1353.

Helfštýn Castle


Helfštýn Castle was constructed in 13th century by knight Friduš (Helfrid) of Linava in an Olomouc region.


Sovinec Castle


Sovinec Castle served multiple purposes during its long history from medieval military citadel to the SS secret prison.



South Moravia (Czech Republic)

Boskovice Castle


Unlike other castles in the country Boskovice Castle was abandoned and wasn't reconstructed since it lost its strategic value.



Brno is second largest city in Czech Republic and its historic Old Town is famous for beautiful and unique architecture.

Landštejn Castle


Landstejn Castle is a ruined massive medieval fortification in the South Moravia region.


Pernštejn Castle


Pernstejn Castle is located on a strategic mountain above the village of Nedvědice and the rivers Svratka and Nedveka.

Podyjí National Park


Podyjí National Park is an extended nature preserve located in South Moravian Region of Czech Republic.

Slavkov Castle


Slavkov Castle is a place where armistice was signed between Austria and France after the Battle of Austerlitz on 2 December 1805.

Vranov nad Dyji

Vranov nad Dyji consists of several buildings constructed over a course of several centuries on top of a strategic hill overlooking picturesque Dyji Valley below.




Geography of Czech Republic

Czech Republic is a country in the Central Europe. Its shares its borders with Poland, Germany, Austria and Slocakia. The largest river in the country is Vltava that flows through the capital of the country- Prague. In springs it occasionally causes troubles by flooding cities, villages and surrounding fields.

Politics of Czech Republic

Czech Republic is a democratic Republic. The head of the state is the president. Legislative branch is bi- chambered parliament that consists of Senate and Chamber of Deputies.

Language in Czech Republic

The official language in the country is Czech that is part of the Slavic languages. Also German, English, French and Russian are widely spoken.

Religion in  Czech Republic

Catholics make up 39% of the population, 5% are Protestant and Orthodox Christians make up about 3% of the country.






Important numbers

Emergency numbers
Embassies and Consulates



112 (English)






158, 156


US Embassy

Trziste 15, Prague

Tel. 25- 75 30 663


UK Embassy

Thunovska 14, Prague

Tel. 25- 74 02 111


Australian Consulate

Klimentska 10, Prague

Tel. 25- 10 18 350


Canadian Embassy

Muchova 6, Prague

27- 21 01 800




Czech lands have been known since the end of the 9th century, when they were united by Przemysloviches. In the Czech Chronicle of Kozma of Prague you can read: “In the summer from the birth of Christ 894. Borzhiva, the first prince of the holy Christian faith, was baptized.” The question of the reliability of this fact is controversial. The Kingdom of the Czech Republic (Bohemia) possessed considerable power, but religious conflicts (Hussite wars in the 15th century and the Thirty Years' War in the 17th century) devastated it. Later it came under the influence of the Habsburgs and became part of Austria-Hungary, becoming the crown lands of Bohemia, Moravia and Silesia.

Due to the collapse of this state after the First World War, the Czech Republic, Slovakia and Subcarpathian Rus united and formed the independent republic of Czechoslovakia in 1918. A rather large ethnic German minority lived in this country, which became the reason for the disbandment of Czechoslovakia when Germany achieved the annexation of the Sudetenland as a result of the Munich Agreement of 1938, which led to the secession of Slovakia. The remaining Czech state was occupied by Germany in 1939 and became known as the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia.

After World War II, Czechoslovakia fell into the Soviet sphere of influence and became a socialist country (Czechoslovakia). In 1968, the invasion of the Warsaw Pact troops ended the attempts of the country's leaders, led by Alexander Dubcek, to liberalize party rule and create “socialism with a human face” during the Prague Spring.

In 1989, Czechoslovakia turned off the path of socialist development as a result of the Velvet Revolution. January 1, 1993, the country was peacefully divided into two, with the formation of the independent Czech Republic and Slovakia ("velvet divorce").

The Czech Republic joined NATO in 1999 and the European Union in 2004. Simultaneously with the entry into the EU, the Czech Republic signed the Schengen Agreement, and from December 21, 2007, border control on the Czech land borders was canceled. On March 31, 2008, control was also canceled on flights arriving from Schengen countries. From January 1, 2009, the Czech Republic was the President of the Council of the European Union for 6 months (until June 1, 2009).