Česká Lípa (German: Böhmisch Leipa, in Yiddish פןיפן Lejpn or
לייפען Lípen, in Hebrew לייפא Lípa) is a town in the district of
Česká Lípa in the Liberec Region. It is located 80 km north of
Prague on the river Ploučnice with the historic center on its right
bank. Česká Lípa includes 14 local parts with a total area of
66.10 km², where approximately 38,000 inhabitants live; Jitka
Volfová (YES) has been the mayor of the city since 2018.
The town was built near the water castle Lipý at the ford across the river Ploučnice, where there has been a small fishing village since the 10th century. The Ronovci, especially Jindřich of Lipá in the years 1305–1319, once contributed to the founding of the town, and the Berková of Dubá. One hundred years later, it was conquered by the Hussite army of Jan Roháč of Dubá and affected by devastating fires. Its further prosperity was due to the establishment of the monastery and school of Albrecht of Wallenstein, later Kounicová. After the establishment of Czechoslovakia, the city became a center of national unrest, the meeting place of 25,000 supporters of Henlein's Sudeten German Party in 1934. The modern appearance and development was influenced by industrial production and proximity to uranium mining, in the 70s and 80s housing estates. The city center has been preserved and declared a city monument zone.