České Budějovice

 

 

České Budějovice is a statutory city and the administrative and cultural metropolis of the South Bohemian Region. It is located in the České Budějovice basin at the confluence of the Vltava and Malše rivers, has a population of approximately 94,000 and houses a number of historical monuments and museums. For them and the proximity of other historically valuable places (Hluboká nad Vltavou, Český Krumlov, Zlatá Koruna, Vyšší Brod, Třeboň, etc.) are a frequent tourist destination. The city houses the University of South Bohemia in České Budějovice and the bishop of the Roman Catholic Diocese of České Budějovice. The historic city center was declared a city monument reserve on March 19, 1980.

Name
The name of the town comes from the old settlement of Budivojovice. Over the ages, the pronunciation and transcription of the name fluctuated slightly (in the South Bohemian dialect it is called Budweis), the nickname Czech began to appear during the Hussite wars, originally equally in Czech and German (Böhmisch Budweis) and in a purely territorial sense. However, from the middle of the 18th century, when national tensions culminated and the name began to be taken from a national point of view, there was a differentiation: while Czech continued to use České Budějovice, the name was predominant among Budweis, ie Budweis. . This situation persisted despite the fact that in 1920 the Czechoslovak authorities declared České Budějovice and Böhmisch Budweis in German the official name of the town. During the Protectorate, on the other hand, the only official name was Budweis in German and Budějovice in Czech. The Latin name of the city is Budvicium.