Description of Prague

Prague is the capital of the Czech Republic. Prague is a city in which many centuries have immortalized themselves: the golden city. The bombs of World War II spared its towers and walls, but the older past has left its scars: religious strife, wars and looting. Time and again, however, Prague rose from the ashes like a phoenix and in modern times managed to rise to become a European cultural metropolis.

The oldest written mention comes from the year 928. The castles were expanded before and around 1100 by the German settlers. These were granted the letter of freedom by Sobieslaw II.

In 1235 the old town, and in 1257 the Lesser Town below the Hradschin, received German city rights and walls. King Ottokar II beautified the city and rebuilt the royal castle on the Hradschin, whose size and prosperity was due to the Roman-German Emperor Charles IV (1346 - 1378). He laid out the new town, initially called Karlstadt, and drew a stone wall around the Lorenzberg, Strahow and the Hradschin.

Prague was one of the most important cities in Europe and became the center of the Holy Roman Empire. Under his reign, the first university in Central Europe and in 1344 the St. Vitus Cathedral, the foundation stone for St. Vitus Cathedral was laid, the Charles Bridge (Karlův most) was built and the New Town (Nové Město) was laid out around the old town. Prague was a center of culture and art. Since that time, generations of rulers and builders have contributed to the splendor of this city.

Historical events that have Prague in their name include the first and second Prague Defenestration (1419 and 1618) and the Prague Spring of 1968.

In 1992, the historic center of Prague with the districts of Old Town with Josefstadt, New Town, Lesser Town, Hradschin with Prague Castle, Hradčany Castle, Vyšehrad Stronghold and Průhonice Castle Park (south of Prague) were included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.

From the very beginning, the Moldau (Vltava) was the lifeline of the ancient royal city of Prague, protection against attackers and an important trade route at the same time. Today the river is a romantic eye-catcher, which usually finds its way sluggishly through the surrounding seven hills and divides the city into two halves. Floods separated the settlements on both sides of the river several times with devastating force. It took centuries until a permanent crossing over the Vltava was created, first with the stone Judith Bridge and later with the Charles Bridge. The course of the river has changed significantly since the Middle Ages. Surrounded by stone quay walls and regulated by weirs, the river is now also passable for shipping.



Prague is made up of 22 districts: Praha 1 to Praha 22. Praha 1 is the oldest part of the city and has the most tourist attractions. This district can be divided into the following articles:

Hradcany − (Hradčany) — with Prague Castle (Pražský hrad) and St. Vitus Cathedral (Katedrála svatého Víta) above Lesser Town.
Lesser Town (Malá Strana) — The district below Prague Castle became the city of the rich and nobility after two devastating fires. Magnificent palaces and churches bear witness to this to this day. Location of most national institutions.
Old Town (Staré Město) — the core of the city on the right bank of the river; oldest part of Prague.
Josefstadt (Josefov) — the former Jewish quarter of Prague.
Lower New Town (Nové Město) eastern part − south-east of the Old Town (town) originated in the 14th century. — Heuwaagsplatz (Senovážne náměstí)

Prague 2:
Upper New Town (Nové Město) southern part — south of the Old Town (town) arose in the 14th century. — Charles Square (Karlovo náměstí)
Vinohrady — Prague State Opera (Státní opera Praha), Theater in the Vineyards (Divadlo na Vinohradech), Main Train Station (Praha hlavní nádraží).

Today's outskirts of Prague were originally villages in the open country around Prague, which were only incorporated in the late 19th and 20th centuries, when the growing city "swallowed" them. They can be summarized as follows:

North — Prague 7, Prague 8 and Prague 9.
East — Prague 3, Prague 10, Prague 14 and Prague 15.
South — Praha 4, Praha 11 and Praha 12, with Vyšehrad Fortress
West — Prague 5, Prague 6 and Prague 13.


Travel Destinations in Prague

Churches, monasteries and synagogues

1 Saint Vitus Cathedral (Katedrála sv. Víta) . The largest and most important church in Prague. The crown chamber, the Wenceslas Chapel, the crypt and several imperial tombs can be seen in the church. Open: Nov-Mar 9am-4pm, Apr-Oct 9am-5pm. Price: Kč 350 (in combination with other structures of Prague Castle); During the services, the cathedral can be visited for free if you tell the doorman that you want to pray.
2 Church of Our Lady before Tyn or Tyn Church (Týnský chrám), Staroměstské náměstí, Prague 1 . Also called Church of the Virgin Mary.
3 Church of St. Nicholas (Kostel svatého Mikuláše), Malostranské náměstí110 00 Praha, Malá Strana. Magnificent baroque church with 70 m high dome and bell tower. Inside: 1500 m² ceiling fresco Apotheosis of St. Nicholas.
4 Church of Saint Nicholas (Kostel svatého Mikuláše; Old Town Square) . Baroque church on the Old Town Square.
5 Strahov Monastery (Královská kanonie premonstrátů na Strahově), Strahovské nádvorí 1/132 . Abbey of the Premonstratensian order with opulent baroque furnishings, library and other monastery rooms. Open: 9am-12pm and 1pm-5pm.
6 Old-New Synagogue (Staronová synagoga), Červená street, Staré Město, Prague . Open: Apr-Oct Sun-Fri 9am-6pm, Nov-Mar Sun-Fri 9am-5pm. Price: 200 Kč.

7 Church of Saint James


Castles, palaces and castles

1 Prague Castle (Pražský hrad) . Prague Castle is the city's landmark, enthroned on the Castle Hill (Hradschin), is the seat of the Czech President and the historic site of the second Prague Defenestration. Open: 6am-10pm. Price: free.
2 Troja Castle (Trojský zámek) . The 17th-century baroque palace in the northern part of Troja was built by the Sternberk family in the 17th century. The rich interior depicts the glory of the Habsburgs, in particular the victories of Emperor Leopold I over the Turks. Open: Apr. to Oct. Tue to Sun 10 a.m. to 6 p.m. Nov. to March Sat, Sun 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. Price: Kč 100, first Tuesday of the month free.



Charles Bridge (Karlův most). The tourist attraction in Prague spans the Vltava River. Here the rush is (almost) always huge.
Petřín internet lookout tower. A 60 m high observation tower modeled after the Eiffel Tower from 1891. There is a lift for the disabled.
Prague TV Tower (Žižkovský vysílač). The city's new landmark, completed in 1992, with idiosyncratic architecture and a restaurant.
Old Town Hall (Staroměstská radnice), Staroměstské náměstí 1/3 . On the side you can see the astronomical apostle clock (orloj).
Municipal House (Obecní dům), Náměstí Republiky 5, Náměstí Republiky 1090/5 . extravagant monumental Art Nouveau building with 6 halls. The largest hall is the Smetana Hall with 1,500 seats, where the independence of the Czechoslovak Republic was proclaimed in 1918.
Waldstein Palace (Valdštejnský paláce) . The largest palace in Prague.
Lobkowicz Palace internet (Lobkovický paláce). Today the German embassy is housed here. Many GDR citizens fled here in 1989 to emigrate to the FRG.
New Town Hall (Novoměstská radnice) . The first Prague defenestration took place here in 1419.
National Theater (Národní divadlo)
State Opera (Státní opera Praha), Wilsonova 4, Legerova 57/75, 110 00 Praha (metro station line A, line C Muzeum)


Prague Castle Picture Gallery



Jan Hus Monument (pomník Mistra Jana Husa)
St. Wenceslas Monument (pomník sv. Václava)



National Museum (Národní muzeum). Tel.: +420 224 497 111, e-mail: Open: 10am-6pm. Price: 260 Kč.
National Technical Museum Prague (budova Národního technického muzea), Kostelní 42 commons. Open: Tuesday to Sunday, 9.00 a.m. - 6.00 p.m. Price: 250 Kč.
Franz Kafka Museum (Muzeum Franze Kafky), Cihelna 2b. A museum with practically no originals and often barely legible texts, made for foreign tourists. Rather weak from a museological perspective. Open: Mon-Sun 10 a.m. - 6 p.m. Price: 260 Kč.


Streets and squares

Old Town Square (Staroměstské náměstí) . The central market square in the old town.
Republic Square (Namestí Republiky)
Wenceslas Square (Václavské náměstí) . The square is more of a boulevard with many fashion boutiques and restaurants.
Charles Square (Karlovo náměstí)


Parks and cemeteries

Letná Park (Letenské sady) . From here you have one of the most beautiful views of the Old Town, the Vltava River and the Charles Bridge. There is also the work of art Metronome on the site of a former Stalin monument.
Old Jewish Cemetery (židovský hřbitov) . Open: Sun-Fri 9am - 4:30pm. Price: 500 Kč.
New Jewish Cemetery (Nový židovský hřbitov) . The grave of Franz Kafka is also located here.
Olšany Cemetery (Olšanské hřbitovy) . Biggest cemetery in Prague. Some tombstones are from k.u.k. time and therefore in German.


What to do

City tours

Prague Communism tour, Male namesti. 11. You will also visit a nuclear bunker in Žižkov. Open: 10:30 a.m. and 2:30 p.m. Price: 700 CZK.
Daily and private tours in German:
Many offers for city tours can also be found on the website of the authorized city guides in Prague
A selection of German-speaking guided tours in Prague (private or public):
There are also free walking tours in different neighborhoods, e.g. B. Old Town, New Town or Hradschin. Payment is on a voluntary basis.

It is recommended to book city tours in good time. This applies in particular to private tours in the high season. Private city guides are often booked up quickly.


City tours

There are a number of sightseeing tours by bus or tram in Prague:
The yellow hop-on hop-off bus travels through Prague on two lines. The tickets are valid for 24 or 48 hours. A recorded audio commentary runs on the bus. Price from 680 CZK for adults. Information on stops and timetable:
The red hop-on hop-off bus runs through Prague on one line. This provider makes fewer stops. Tickets are also valid for up to 48 hours.
The historic tram line 42 was established for tourists. The tram only runs on weekends and public holidays. Price: 250 CZK for adults. Schedule: Historic Tram
There are also city tours in the bus without getting on and off several times. These are already available for the equivalent of less than 20 euros. Providers include Martin Tour.

Visit to the zoo
Prague Zoo (Zoo Praha), U Trojskeho zamku 120/3 (Accessible by bus line 112 from metro station Nádraží Holešovice line C or by bus line 236 from Podhoří station (ferry)) wikipediacommons. Open: March 9 - 17, April, May, September, October: 9 - 18, June - August: 9 - 21, November - February 9 - 16. Price: 200 CZK, children (3 to 15 years): 150 CZK, Pupils/students: 150 CZK, pensioners: 150 CZK, pensioners over 70: 1 CZK, families: (2 adults + 2 children from 3 to 15 years) 600 CZK (+ 100 CZK for each additional child), children under 3 years free ).


boat trips
Romantic boat trips on the Vltava are popular in Prague. Boats leave the docks daily throughout the year. You can order tickets on the Prague cruises page. There are three programs to choose from:

1-hour trip on the Vltava River, daily at 12 and 4 p.m., ticket: adults 190 CZK, children from 3 to 11 years: 95 CZK, departure: Dvořákovo nábřeží (bank) under the Agnes Monastery
River cruise with lunch, April to October daily, Nov to March Fri, Sat, Sun, each 12.30 p.m., duration 2 hours 30 minutes, ticket: adults 650 CZK, children from 3 to 11 years: 380 CZK, departure: Dvořákovo nábřeží ( shore) under the Agnes monastery
Dinner cruise with music, daily at 6:30 p.m., duration 3 hrs 30 min, ticket: adults 790 CZK, children from 3 to 11 years: 500 CZK, meeting point Na Příkopě 23, end: Dvořákovo nábřeží (bank) under the Agnes Monastery

Four teams from Prague play in the first Czech league:
Sparta Praha, Generali Arena.
Slavia Praha, Eden Arena.
FK Dukla Praha, Na Julisce.
Bohemians Praha 1905, Stadium Ďolíček.
Tickets are available at the club ticket offices.

ice Hockey
The Czech Republic is one of the world leaders in ice hockey, and ice hockey is a national sport alongside football. The level of the domestic league is also high. HC Sparta Prague is one of the top European clubs.

HC Sparta Prague, Tipsport Arena, Za Elektrárnou 419, 170 00 Praha 7. Tel.: +420 266 727 454 (office), +420 266 727 443 (tickets), +420 266 727 472 (fan shop), fax: +420 224 232 251, e-mail: Open: Ticket sales Mon-Fri 1-5:30 p.m., Sundays on match days 1-5:30 p.m. Price: tickets 115-165 CZK, surcharges for top games possible.
HC Slavia Prague. Email: A visit to Slavia Prague is also worthwhile because of the modern Sazka Arena (now named after the sponsor: O2 Arena). Price: Tickets 70-190 CZK.
Tickets are available directly from the clubs.

10 Golf Club Prague, Letna Park. Tel.: 233 384 033. Course: 18 holes par 70.

Tenisový Klub Slavia Praha
Tenisový Klub Sparta Praha

Regular events
The Prague Food Festival takes place over a weekend at the end of May, entry from 450 CZK (2018).

long-distance hiking
The Hus-Weg begins at the Bethlehem Chapel in Prague and leads via Bärnau, Nuremberg and Ulm to the Hus-Museum in Konstanz.


Getting here

By plane
Prague Airport is located near Ruzyně, 15 km west of the city center. From the countries of the Schengen Agreement, including Germany, Austria and Switzerland, you arrive at Terminal 2 and leave Prague again from this terminal. The airport has been renovated and expanded in recent years and offers all the amenities of a modern international airport. In addition to numerous European scheduled airlines and low-cost airlines, there are also isolated long-haul flights to the USA and Asia.

As of 2022, there are the following flight connections to Prague from German-speaking countries:
Austrian Airlines from Vienna
Eurowings from Cologne/Bonn and Düsseldorf
Lufthansa from Frankfurt am Main and Munich
SWISS from Zurich

From the airport to the city
The fastest and at the same time cheap way to get from the airport to the city is the Airport Express (AE) bus, which takes passengers directly to Prague Main Station for 100 CZK. Normal public transport tickets are not valid for this bus.

In addition, the airport is well connected to the public transport system by bus lines. You can get into the city with the bus lines 100, 119 and 179 and then continue with the metro. In the arrivals hall of Terminal 2 there is an information stand of the Prague Transport Company, where tickets can also be purchased. Tickets can also be purchased from vending machines and kiosks. The fare for a ticket valid for 90 minutes is 32 CZK, for larger luggage an additional 16 CZK is due (only for single tickets - day and 3-day tickets are also valid for luggage). The tickets must be stamped when you board the bus. The airport bus stop can be reached via exit 4 of Terminal 2.

Bus line № 119 (journey time approx. 15 minutes) goes to the Nádraží Veleslavín metro station, from where metro line A goes to the city centre. Bus line № 100 goes to the terminus of metro line B Zličín with a 20-minute journey. The bus lines depart every 8 to 20 minutes during the day. Between 00:30 and 05:00, the night line № 910 connects the airport with the city center every 30 minutes.

By train
The following train stations are relevant for arriving by train from Germany and Austria:
Prague main train station. Praha Hlavní nádraží (former Imperial Railway Station) in Vrchlického Sady, is Prague's main train station and is a five-minute walk from Wenceslas Square
This will include served by EuroCity trains from the direction of Hamburg (via Berlin and Dresden) without having to change trains, as well as by combined alex/EuroCity trains from Munich (7 days a day). Online bookings via Czech Railways in the form of first-minute tickets with a specific train are significantly cheaper than those available from Deutsche Bahn or SBB.

The direct long-distance trains from Vienna to Prague also end here. It is also the starting point of many national trains throughout the Czech Republic. The station is also served by metro line C and tram lines 5, 9, 15 and 26.
Train station Praha-Holešovice. nádraží, on Vrbenského street, is a little further from the city center (30 minutes on foot) and is mainly served by international and long-distance connections of EC trains Budapest — Berlin/Hamburg and Vienna — Berlin. In addition to a restaurant, there is a tourist office in the station. The station is also served by metro line C (which also connects the station to the main train station) and tram lines 6, 12 and 17 (within walking distance).
Train station Praha-Smíchov. nádraží, on Nádražní street, outside the city center, in the western part of the city. It mainly serves the region west and south of Prague, with a number of tourist attractions. express trains from the Main Railway Station to Pilsen (Plzeň) and Cheb also stop here. The station is also served by metro line B and tram lines 4, 5, 12 and 20.
Train station Praha-Masarykovo. on Havlíčkova street, near the main train station and central bus station Florenc. It primarily serves the region north and west of Prague. Fast trains to Ústí nad Labem (Aussig) and Cheb start from here. The station is also served by metro line B and tram lines 3, 6, 14, 15, 24 and 26.

By bus
Eurolines, among others, offers long-distance lines to and from Prague, e.g. from Berlin (journey time 4½ hours, EUR 41.00), Dresden (journey time 2 hours, EUR 24.00), Frankfurt (journey time 7¼ hours, EUR 57.00), Hamburg (journey time 12¼ hours, EUR 65.00), Hanover (journey time 10¼ hours , EUR 63.00), Cologne (journey time 10 hours, EUR 64.00), Leipzig (journey time 4¼ hours, EUR 34.00), Munich (journey time 5¼ hours, EUR 39.00), Nuremberg (journey time 4½ hours, EUR 41.00) or Stuttgart (journey time 7¼ hours , 45.00 EUR). StudentAgency is another provider with connections to Berlin, Bonn, Dresden, Düsseldorf, Frankfurt am Main, Freiburg, Heidelberg, Karlsruhe, Cologne, Mannheim, Munich, Nuremberg, Regensburg, Saarbrücken, Stuttgart and Würzburg. Flixbus offers long-distance bus routes from Munich, Regensburg, Amberg, Berlin, Vienna and Pilsen.

ÚAN Praha Florenc on Sokolov Street is the Central Bus Station (Czech: ústřední autobusové nádraží (ÚAN)) of Prague and is served by national and international lines. It is also served by metro lines B and C and bus lines № 133, 135, 175, 194 and 207. Lines № 133, 135, 175 and 207 go in the direction of Vinohrady and Žižkov. Lines № 194 and 207 go in the opposite direction, to Jana Palacha Square near Charles Bridge and Staroměstská metro station, and further to Malostranská metro station, respectively.

In the street
Prague has motorway connections from five directions. The Czech motorway network is constantly being expanded. So far, there are three highways consistently connecting the country's borders with the city. One is the Südwestautobahn D5 (E50), which crosses the A93 from Nuremberg (A6) and runs via Pilsen. It takes 1.5 hours to travel 160 km from the national border to Prague. The southeast highway D1 is the oldest and busiest in the Czech Republic. It connects Prague via Brünn (Brno) with Bratislava in Slovakia. It is interesting for arrivals from Vienna, Budapest and Eastern Europe. It takes about two hours to cover the 250 km.

From the northwest you can take the D8 (E55) motorway, which has been open to traffic since December 2016. It is the continuation of the German A17 from Dresden.

From the northeast, the 4-lane expressway D10 (E65) leads to Prague. It begins in Liberec and leads through Turnov. It connects Prague with the Jizera Mountains (Jizerské hory) and the Giant Mountains (Krkonoše), the ski resorts of the Czech Republic, and the German cities of Zittau and Görlitz. The road is in excellent condition.

From the east there is also the D11 (E67), which connects Poland and Hradec Králové (Königgrätz) with Prague.

The Czech motorway network is being expanded (the D11 is being completed, the D3 from Linz via Budweis (České Budějovice) is scheduled to be ready in 2020). With the exception of the D1 in the Prague metropolitan area and near Mirošovice, motorway congestion is rare except during road works.

A motorway vignette is compulsory for cars on motorways and most expressways (10 days CZK 310), motorcyclists do not need to buy one. The vignette can be purchased online before entering the country on the official website This is also offered in German.

It is also possible to reach Prague without using the motorway or expressway. It might be more interesting than taking the E55 to reach the Czech capital. Out of town, the faster one overtakes. The roads are not in good condition everywhere, there can be a lot of potholes after the winter. In winter there is no snow clearing on the side streets.

The traffic density increases the closer you get to the center. On weekdays, Prague suffers particularly from traffic congestion; there are many traffic jams on main roads. In addition, Prague does not yet have a closed R1 motorway ring road. It is therefore advisable to leave your car at P+R car parks for low fees and take public transport into the city. The P+R car parks are located on motorways and are well signposted. There is a ban on parking or a fee for parking in the entire city center of Prague.

The first P+R car park from Liberec (Reichenberg) (Zittau and Görlitz) is P+R Letnany. 1 day parking costs 20 CZK, 1 night 100 CZK. If you drive past the entrance and then turn right at the traffic lights, you will find free parking spaces on the left side of the street.

The German Castle Road from Mannheim via Nuremberg ends in Prague.

By bicycle
In the Czech Republic, all long-distance and regional cycle routes are marked with numbers on yellow signs.
Cycle path 2 leads north on the eastern side of the Vltava to Mělník and from there along the Elbe to the German border. The Vltava Cycle Path is not signposted as such at any point. · See also Elbe Cycle Path
Cycle route 1 "Pražská Trasa" leads to the east via Kouřim to Brno.
Cycle route 11 leads south to Tábor and further along cycle route 12 to Budweis (České Budějovice) and Krumau (Český Krumlov) and on to Linz in Austria.
Cycle route 3 leads to the west via Pilsen (Plzeň) to the Main.

By boat
Prague can be reached by river cruise ships.



Prague has a very well developed public transport system. It consists of a widely branched bus and tram system as well as the metro, which consists of three subway lines. Route network maps are available in German at the sales points of the Prague Transport Authority (DPP), in which further information (e.g. how to operate the machines) is explained.

Tickets (jízdenky) must be purchased in advance and stamped when boarding the bus, tram or at the entrance to the metro station (usually on the mezzanine floor). They are available from the yellow ticket machines (service also in English) in the train stations, in Tabák/Trafika (tobacco goods/newspapers) shops, in tourist offices and in shops with the red and yellow “DP” (Dopravní podnik Prahy) sticker. Ticket machines usually only take coins and only offer single and day tickets. In the area around the main train station, however, there are a few machines that also sell 3-day tickets and accept credit cards or banknotes. In the meantime, however, there are also new machines with contactless credit card acceptance at many stations (of course, German girocard cards do not work). Electronic tickets sent by SMS to the DPP are popular among locals, with the fare (32 or 24 CZK) being debited by the provider and added to the monthly statement. The corresponding service number of the DPP is 90206. However, this requires a Czech SIM card.
Fares: Single ticket: CZK 40 (approx. €1.60) for 90 minutes or CZK 30 for 30 minutes, children up to 14 years travel free, luggage larger than 25×45×70 cm CZK 20, prams with child : free, bicycles are only permitted in the subway, ferry and cable car and are also transported free of charge. 24-hour ticket: CZK 120, 72-hour ticket: CZK 330, monthly ticket: CZK 550.

Anyone over the age of 65 travels free who can prove their age with a passport or ID card. Between 60 and 64 you can buy single tickets and day tickets at half price (proof of age at checkpoints is by ID or passport) - monthly and annual tickets can only be used in this age group with a PID card that you have previously obtained from the Prague transport company worried. This costs 20 CZK. A monthly ticket for 60 to 64 year olds costs 130 CZK. A passport photo is required for the PID card.

If you are caught without a ticket, you pay CZK 1,000 if you pay immediately, and if you do not have a ticket for a piece of luggage that requires a ticket, you pay CZK 200.

The tram network is widely branched. For night service (from approx. 00:10 to 04:50), there are lines 91 to 99, which run every half hour when the subway is closed and are supported by night bus lines with the numbers 901 to 915.

An alternative city tour by tram can be done with line 22. This passes many touristically relevant destinations (including Letná Park, Prague Castle, Old Town, Charles Square). The Tatra wagons from the 1960s still drive here frequently.

Nostalgic tram No. 41 runs from April to mid-November on Saturdays, Sundays and public holidays from 12 to 5 p.m. from Střešovice Depot via Hradcany, Lesser Town, National Theater, Wenceslas Square, Masaryk Railway Station, Strossmayer Square to Výstaviště, back from 13 to 17 o'clock. Travel time approx. 40 minutes. A one-way ticket costs 35 CZK, for children up to 15 years old it is 20 CZK.

Metro station line A runs from Nemocnice Motol in the west to Depo Hostivař in the east. Stations in the city center are Malostranská, Staroměstská (in the Josefstadt), Můstek (on Wenceslas Square), Muzeum and Náměstí Míru.
Metro station line B runs from Zličín in the southwest to Černý Most in the east. Stations in the city center are Karlovo námésti, Můstek (at Wenceslas Square), Náměstí Republiky and Florenc.
Metro station line C runs from Letňany in the north to Háje in the south. Stations in the city center are Florenc, Hlavní nádraží (main train station), Muzeum and I. P. Pavlova.

design of the stations
Line A stops are clad with aluminum panels in different colors. The inner-city stations have concave and convex panels, each with distinctive colors, so one can identify the station without reading the name. The stations outside the city center have simpler metal signs, but each also has a typical color scheme.

An interesting means of transport that can be used as a trip destination is the funicular, which leads from the Újezd tram stop to Petřín Hill. Since August 2021, it can only be used with Prague public transport tickets valid for at least 24 hours or a special cable car ticket for CZK 60. There are frequent checks at the lower and upper terminus - so you should bring a validated, i. H. have a stamped ticket. Anyone aged between 60 and 64 can use a discounted 24-hour ticket (also CZK 60). Seniors over the age of 65 travel for free, as everywhere in the city (you must be able to prove your age with a passport or ID card). Children up to the age of 14 also travel for free (proof of age required from the age of 10). Ticket machines, which only accept coins, are available.

ČD Taxi (Czech Railways taxi; yellow cab taxi rank on the north side of the passages in the main train station.). Tel.: +420 14041 (speed dial), Mobile: +420 777 257 257 (SMS order). Only for journeys to and from a train station, on telephone or SMS order and presentation of a valid train ticket when boarding. When ordering via SMS, there is no specific input format for the SMS message, but the phrase "CD Taxi" must appear at the beginning of the SMS. Price: Very inexpensive (prices have not changed since May 2012).

Public transport is always the better option in Prague if you don't order a ČD taxi to or from the train station.

The maximum price for a taxi on the street allowed by the Municipality of Prague is 28 CZK per kilometer. If a driver still insists on a fixed price, you should take another taxi or go straight to the cheaper public transport. It is always advisable to ask for a printed receipt with the route, the price and the name of the driver. If you don't speak Czech, there's a good chance you'll be scammed by a driver, so it's a good idea to check the taximeter while driving. This continues to be a standard warning in every Prague travel guide. If the situation allows, overpriced trips should not be paid for. It is advisable to contact the city police (call number 156). The city police have set up a special unit for the notorious taxi scam and are roughly equivalent to the public order office. Under no circumstances should you accept the services of taxi drivers standing on the edge of popular streets (in the area of the entrances to the Charles Bridge). These scammers are organized and also cover up no-parking traffic signs to avoid fines. There are also numerous black sheep among well-known taxi companies.

AAA Taxi Prague. Tel.: +420 222 333 222. From CZK 20/km.
City Taxi. Tel.: +420 257 257 257. From 24 CZK/km.
Modrý anděl. Tel.: +420 737 222 333. From 21 CZK/km.
Nejlevnější taxi. Tel.: +420 226 000 226. From CZK 20/km.
PAT Taxi. Tel.: +420 800 870 888. From CZK 28/km.
Professional taxi. Tel.: +420 261 314 151. From CZK 26/km.
Taxi Prague 14007. Tel.: +420 220 414 414. From CZK 24/km.
euro taxi. Tel.: +420 777 092 045. From 17 CZK/km.
TICK TOCK. Tel.: +420 721 300 300. From 25 CZK/km

By car
Driving in Prague is no fun for people who do not know the area (tram tracks, pedestrian zones, few parking spaces), so it is better to use public transport.

There are park and ride areas on the outskirts of town
Praha 4, Hrnčirská (Metro C station Opatov)
Praha 5, Radnicka (Metro B station Radnicka)
Praha 5, Zlicin (Metro B station Zlicin)
Praha 7, Holešovice (Metro C station Nadraží Holešovice)
Praha 9, Chlumecká (Metro B station Rajska zahrada or Černý Most)
Praha 10, V Rybníčkách (Metro A station Skalka).

There are three parking zones: orange (parking time up to 2 hours), green (parking time up to 6 hours) and blue (only for residents). Wrongly parked cars get a parking clamp or are towed away (Tel. 158). The location of a towed vehicle can also be found on a City Police website.

By bicycle
Prague is only partially suitable for cycling in the immediate inner city areas (few cycle paths, cobblestones, tram tracks, heavy traffic, high pedestrian traffic). In contrast, the central districts (Neustadt, Smíchov, Karlín, Holešovice, Dejvice, Braník, Nusle, Libeň, etc.) now have a good infrastructure for two-wheel traffic. Excellently developed cycle paths lead in both directions along the Vltava River and are connected to the European long-distance cycle path network (to Vienna, Dresden and Nuremberg). Where there are no specially designated cycle paths, the police will tolerate cycling on the pavement if you are considerate of pedestrians. Helmets are compulsory for young people under the age of 18 in the Czech Republic.

City Bike, Králodvorska 5. Tel.: (07) 76 18 02 84.
rents out bicycles., Janáčkovo nábř. 3. Tel: (00420) 774 045 696 84. Bike rental and guided tours

For visitors who speak Czech, we recommend the cyclist map from the non-profit association Auto*Mat, which is also available in printed form as a Zelená mapa / Green Map.



In general, wherever tourists stay, you can pay in euros, and change is usually given back in kroner. If you want to exchange euros for kroner, you should ask beforehand how many kronor you get for a certain amount of euros. The price information in front of the exchange offices can be misleading.

Like any other big city, Prague offers a wealth of shopping opportunities. All well-known brands are represented in the city, so there is something for every taste.

The shopping mile below the National Museum is overcrowded with tourists. Here you will find mainly clothing stores that, in terms of price, fulfill all the wishes of the average consumer.

Those who prefer something more expensive will find what they are looking for on Pařížská Street. Designer shops and boutiques are located here.

In addition, there are around 20 shopping malls in Prague. They are mostly located near metro stations, making them easy to get to. Here is a list of some shopping mall addresses.

antiquarian books
Antique gallery Můstek, 28. října 13.
Antique variant Karel Křenek,

glass, crystal, porcelain
Celetná Crystal, Celetná 15 (Metro Mustek). Tel.: 223 240 022. With a large selection of Bohemian crystal. Open: daily 10:00 - 20:00.
Dům porcelánu Praha, Jugoslávská 16 (Metro Náměstí Míru or I. P. Pavlova). Tel.: 221 505 320. Porcelain in the traditional onion pattern (cibulák). Open: Mon–Fri 9:00–19:00, Sat 9:00–14:00, Sun 14:00–17:00.
Karlovarský porcelán Thun, Pařížská 2 (Metro Staroměstská). Tel.: 224 828 22. Karlovy Vary porcelain. Open: daily 9:00 a.m. - 7:00 p.m.
Moser, Na Příkopě 12 (Můstek metro station)). Tel: 224 211 293. Open: Mon-Fri 9am-8pm, Sat-Sun 10am-6pm.
Moser, Malé náměstí 11 (Můstek metro station)). Tel: 221 611 520. Open: Mon-Fri 10am-7pm, Sat-Sun 10am-6pm.


Cuisine and restaurants

Hearty Bohemian cuisine with z. B. Goulash with dumplings. Good food at fair prices, especially on the side streets or in the vicinity of Prague. In the tourist centers of the city (e.g. Old Town Square) you also have to pay corresponding prices. Nevertheless, meals in upscale restaurants are affordable, even in exposed places (e.g. the U Prince restaurant) compared to Germany. As in almost all tourist cities, the further you get from the city center, the cheaper the restaurants are. Snack restaurants are frequented mostly by locals, you need a minimum knowledge of the Czech language, you get typical food at unbeatable prices. Examples: goulash soup equivalent to 2 €; breaded cheese or sauerbraten €4.00.

For individual offers see also the district articles such as old town and new town


Night life

Prague's nightlife is eclectic and legendary, making Prague a popular destination for bachelorette parties from all over Europe. There is a large number of bars, pubs and nightclubs, especially in the old town between Wenceslas Square and Charles Bridge. The price level is lower than in many western European cities.

If you don't have an unlimited budget and are looking for a place from the more alternative milieu with a range of concerts, you will mainly find locals and hardly any tourists in the "Palác Akropolis". The restaurant is located on Kubelíkova street near the TV tower. Line A Jiřího z Poděbrad metro station is nearby.


Classical music

Dvořákova síň (Dvorak Hall), Namesti Jana Palacha 1, Old Town (metro: Staroměstská). Tel.: 227 059 227. Seat of the Česká filharmonie (Czech Philharmonic) in the Rudolfinum. Open: Box office: Mon–Fri 10:00–12:30 and 13:30–18:30. Price: 200-600 CZK (8-25€).
Stavovské divadlo (The Estates Theatre), Ovocný trh 1, Old Town (metro: Můstek). Tel.: 224 902 322. Prague's oldest theatre. It was here that Mozart's opera Don Giovanni was first performed in 1787, conducted by the composer. Open: Box office: 10:00 - 18:00. Price: 30 to 1,200 Kč (1-51€.
Národní divadlo (National Theatre), Národní třída 2, New Town (metro: Národní třída). Tel.: 224 901 377. Open: Box office 10:00-18:00. Price: CZK 30-1,000 (€1-42).
Státní opera Praha (Prague State Opera), Wilsonova 4, Neustadt (Metro: Muzeum). Tel: 224 227 266. The opera is currently undergoing restoration and is scheduled to reopen in 2020[obsolete]. Until then, opera performances will take place in the Národní divadlo. Open: Box office: Mon–Fri 10:00–17:30, Sat 10:00–12:00 and 13:00–17:30. Price: 100 to 1500 Kč (4-63€).
Smetana síň (Smetana Hall), namesti Republiky 5, Old Town (metro: Náměstí Republiky). Tel.: 220 002 101. The largest concert hall in Prague, seat of the Syfonicky orchestr (Symphony Orchestra). Open: Box office: 10:00 - 18:00. Price: 250-600 CZK (11-25€.



Divadlo Image (Image Theater), Pařížská 4, Old Town (metro: Staroměstská). Tel.: 222 314 447. Open: Box office: 9:00 - 20:00. Price: 480 CZK (20€.
ACT (All Colors Theater), Rytířská 31, Old Town. Open: Box office: 15:00-19:00. Price: 600 CZK (25€.
Divadlo Spejbla a Hurvínka (Spejbl and Hurvinek Theater), Dejvická 38, Dejvice (metro: Dejvická). Tel.: 224 316 784. Open: Box office: Tue–Fri 10:00–14:00 and 15:00–18:00, Sat, Sun 13:00–17:00. Price: CZK 80-120 (€3-5).
Laterna Magika, Nova Scéna, Národní trída, Neustadt (metro: Narodni trída). Tel.: 224 931 482. Open: Box office: 10:00 - 18:00. Price: 250-650 CZK (11-27€).
Národní divadlo Marionet (National Marionette Theatre), Zatecká 1, Old Town (metro: Staroměstská). Tel: 224 819 323. The theater was established in 1991 and the most popular play is Mozart's opera Don Giovanni. Open: Box office: 10:00 - 20:00. Price: 600 CZK (25€).
Švandovo divadlo na Smíchově (Svandovo Theater in Smíchov), Stefanikova 57 (tram lines 6, 9, 12 or 20). Tel.: 257 318 666. experimental theater. Open: Box office: Mon–Fri 11:00–14:00 and 15:00–19:00, Sat, Sun 17:00–19:00. Price: 150-300 CZK (6-13€).
Ta Fantastika, Karlova 8, Old Town (metro: Staroměstská). Tel: 222 221 366. Black Theater. The theater was founded in New York in 1981 and moved to Prague in 1989. The most popular play is Aspects of Alice, based on Alice in Wonderland. Open: Cash desk: Mon–Fri 11:00 a.m.–9:00 p.m. Price: 650 CZK (27€).
Divadlo Na zábradlí (Theatre by the Railing), Anenské náměstí 5, Old Town (tram 17 and 18). Tel.: 222 868 868. The first plays by Vaclav Havel were performed here. Today Czech plays are performed here, occasionally there are English plays with Czech subtitles. Open: Box office: Mon–Fri 2:00 p.m.–8:00 p.m., Sat–Sun 2 hours before the start of the performance. Price: 100-300 CZK (4-13€).



Karlovy Lazne. According to the operator, the largest disco in Europe with 4-5 dance floors with different styles of music. Very popular with tourists and the under 30s.
Retro Music Hall, Francouzská 4. Stylish disco playing mainstream dance and electronic music. The crowd is mostly locals aged 18 to mid-30s.
Lucerna Music Bar, Vodičkova 36. Concert hall, 80's and 90's music with video clips on weekends.
Palác Akropolis, Kubelíkova 27. Concert hall with different styles of music in the bar area.
Chapeau Rouge, Jakubská 2. Music club and bar on three floors.
Radost FX, Bělehradská 120. Disco offering mostly hip-hop and electronic music on weekends.


Jazz clubs

Reduta. One of the oldest and best-known jazz clubs in the city. Due to the high price level, mainly tourists can be found here.
jazz boat Combination of concert, restaurant and jazz stage. The audience comes for mixed reasons, not just for the jazz.
Jazz Republic. Admission is free, so you can meet a larger audience than in other locations. The drink prices are quite high, but are justified by the free entry. Price: Free entry.
U Maleho Glena. Small club with cheap prices.



Prague has a wealth of accommodation options, many within walking distance of the Old Town. The high season usually lasts from April to October, and an increased occupancy rate can also be expected at the turn of the year. Overnight rates at these times can be twice the usual rate and advance reservations are recommended. At the main train station, Hlavní nádraží, there is a service for booking accommodation. Normally taxes and breakfast are included in the prices.

Even in high season, dormitories in hostels near the Old Town are available for CZK 350 per person per night. Prague does its share of noisy youth hostels, but there are many with a relaxed vibe and some are housed in beautifully restored, more hotel-like buildings. Many hostels also offer individual bedrooms, with or without shared bathrooms - much cheaper than a guesthouse or hotel. Around the main station there are many black marketeers who have cheap offers. Many of them are city dwellers who rent part of their apartment. The prices don't vary greatly, but some may not be trustworthy, so caution is advised here.

Pensions and cheap hotels are easy to find in the Prague 1 district, especially in the Old Town, the New Town and the Jewish Quarter. For those looking for something out of the ordinary, a botel (hotel boat) might be of interest. Most are moored to the south on the Vltava River in the Praha 4 and 5 districts.

Another option is renting an apartment. Due to its size, it is particularly suitable for families. Prices range from CZK 1700 to CZK 3200 for four people, and while it may not be cheaper than the hostel, it's better for its greater coziness alone. Before making a reservation, you should definitely take a comparative look at the map, as some apartments are not in the city center.

The city also has numerous campsites; there's one south of town with river island camping. Another is to the north and is called Troy. It can be reached from the city center by tram line 17. The pitches here are generally small and can get quite crowded in high season.



Charles University. Largest university in the Czech Republic.
Czech Technical University



Aside from pickpocketing, the biggest problem for visitors is likely to be how the exchange offices operate. If you want to be on the safe side, pull your crowns from the machine. If you still go to the exchange office, please note: Read carefully what is written in the exchange office - exchange offices collect up to 27% commission. If an exchange office advertises "0% commission", check the rates carefully - the cheap-looking rate is sometimes the rate for selling euros. In February 2015, the checkpoint exchange offices at popular tourist locations, e.g. on the Old Town Square, which have since been closed due to fraud, paid 15 crowns for one euro (real exchange rate 26 crowns). In general, it is not advisable to use the exchange offices at the main train station and Wenceslas Square or all exchange offices with the Western Union logo. For your peace of mind: there are also reputable exchange offices, and you can also exchange money in banks.

On April 1, 2019, a law came into force giving customers of currency exchange offices the right to withdraw within 3 hours of the transaction, which will probably largely solve the problem.

Most banks' ATMs charge an additional fee ("commission"), which is currently (2019) between 99 and 300 CZK per withdrawal, depending on the company, regardless of the amount withdrawn. So it's not worth withdrawing small amounts from ATMs. In any case, you should never choose to calculate the amount of the withdrawn crowns in euros at the machine! The rate that your own bank in one of the D-A-CH countries calculates when the account is debited is much cheaper



Medical on-call service, Palackého 5. Tel.: 224 949 181. Open: Mon-Fri 19:00-07:00, Sat-Sun 24 hours.
Pharmacy on-call service. Phone: 224 946 982.


Practical hints

Prague is a de jure monolingual, but de facto at least trilingual city. Of course, as everywhere in the world, it is appreciated if you speak the local language. But it is not a problem in Prague in the tourist areas to get by with just English or even German. As a German, it can even happen that the locals you just addressed in English reply in German with a wink. In addition, many of the older people in particular speak Russian.

Federal Republic of Germany
Embassy of the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) (Czech: Velvyslanectví Spolkové republiky Německo), Vlašská 347/19, Prague 1 - Malá Strana, 118 01 (German: Welsche Spitalgasse 347-19) (stop Šporkova stop Šporkova, stop Malostranské náměstí ( South) tram stop Malostranské náměstí). Tel.: +420 257 113 111, fax: +420 257 113 318 (embassy), 257 113 219 (consulate), e-mail: The embassy and consulate are located in the Lobkowitz Palace. Open: Embassy office hours: Mon-Thu 08:00-17:00, Fri 08:00-15:00. Office hours consular section: Mon-Fri 08:30-12:00. Closed on German and Czech public holidays.

Republic of Italy
Also responsible for citizens from South Tyrol.

Embassy of the Republic of Italy (Czech: Velvyslanectví Italské republiky), Nerudova 214/20, Prague 1 - Malá Strana, 118 00 (stop Malostranské náměstí (Southbound) tram stop Malostranské náměstí). Tel.: +420 233 080 111, fax: +420 257 531 522, e-mail: (embassy), (consulate). Open: Embassy and consular office hours: Mon 09:00-12:00, Tue closed, Wed-Fri 09:00-12:00. Closed on Italian and Czech public holidays.

Republic of Austria
Embassy of the Republic of Austria (Czech: Velvyslanectví Rakouské republiky), Viktora Huga 10, Prague 5 - Smíchov, 151 15 (stop Arbesovo náměstí (southbound) tram stop Arbesovo náměstí). Phone: +420 257 090 511, +420 257 090 542, fax: +420 257 316 045, e-mail: Open: Embassy and consular office hours: Mon-Fri 09:00-12:00. Closed on Austrian and Czech public holidays.

Swiss Confederation
Embassy of the Swiss Confederation (Czech: Velvyslanectví Švýcarské konfederace), Pevnostní 588/7, Prague 6 - Střešovice, 162 01 (entrance via Delostrelecka ul., stop Vozovna Střešovice (southbound) tram stop Vozovna Střešovice). Tel.: +420 220 400 611, fax: +420 224 311 312, e-mail: The Embassy no longer provides consular services in Prague for the sake of rationalization. Since the 3rd of X 2011, these have been dealt with in the Vienna consulate. Open: Embassy office hours: Mon-Fri 09:00-12:00, visitors by appointment only. Closed on Swiss and Czech public holidays.

An overview of all other diplomatic representations in Prague and in the Czech Republic can be found on the website of the MVZ (Czech Ministry of Foreign Affairs).

Tourist Office
Pražská informační služba (PIS) (Prague Information Service), Staroměstské náměstí 4/1, Praha 1 — Staré Město, 110 00 (Metro station A Staroměstská or Metro station AB Můstek). Tel.: +420 221 714 714, +420 221 714 444, fax: +420 222 221 101, e-mail:, Open: Mon-Fri 09:00-19:00. Accepted payment methods: American Express, Diners, JCB, MasterCard, Visa.
Pražská informační služba (PIS) (Prague Information Service), Rytířská 539/31, Praha 1 — Staré Město, 110 00 (metro station AB Můstek). Tel.: +420 221 714 714, +420 221 714 140, fax: +420 221 714 141, e-mail:, Open: Mon-Sun 10:00-18:00. Accepted payment methods: American Express, Diners, JCB, MasterCard, Visa.
Pražská informační služba(PIS) — letiště (Prague Information Service — Airport, Arrivals Hall), Terminal 2, Praha 6 — Ruzyně (stop Praha Letište/Airport, Terminal 2). Tel.: +420 221 714 714, e-mail:, Open: Daily 08:00-20:00. Accepted payment methods: American Express, Diners, JCB, MasterCard, Visa.



The settlement of the area dates back to the Palaeolithic. Throughout prehistory and early history, the Prague Basin was one of the most densely populated and almost continuously populated areas of Bohemia. Until about 50 BC The Celtic Boii settled here, then the Germanic Marcomanni for over 500 years. The first Slavic groups advanced into the area from around the second half of the 6th century.

In the 9th century Prague Castle was built with the suburbium below in the area of today's Lesser Town and in the 10th century a second castle on Vyšehrad was built as the seat of the Přemyslids. Under the protection of the two castles, settlements of local craftsmen and German and Jewish merchants developed on both sides of the Vltava. Around 1230/1234 Wenceslaus I had the largest of these settlements fortified at the Vltava bend and granted it city rights. Prague thus became the royal residence of the Bohemian rulers. His son Přemysl Ottokar II expelled the Czech population living on the other bank of the Vltava below the castle and in 1257 founded Prague's first new town, the Lesser Town (Malá Strana). Before 1320, the burgraves laid out the dependent Hradschin town (also Burgstadt, Hradčany) as the third Prague town immediately to the west of the castle.

Under Emperor Charles IV and his son Wenceslaus IV, Prague flourished economically, culturally, politically and in many other areas as the imperial seat of the Holy Roman Empire in the second half of the 14th century. Charles University was founded here in 1348 as the first university in Central Europe. The construction of Prague's new town in the same year made the agglomeration, with well over 40,000 inhabitants, the fourth-largest city north of the Alps and the third-largest city in Europe in terms of area. From 1419, however, it was badly shaken and partially destroyed in the Hussite wars.

At the end of the 16th century, Emperor Rudolf II made Prague the seat of residence again. Magnificent baroque palaces and churches bear witness to this period. The Second Defenestration of Prague triggered the Thirty Years' War. The Seven Years' War left its mark on the city. In 1784 the four previously independent towns of Hradschin (Hradčany), Lesser Town (Malá Strana), Old Town (Staré Město) and New Town (Nové město) merged to form the common city of Prague.

During the 19th century, Prague experienced a significant cultural upswing. Among other things, the National Museum and the National Theater were built. Around 1860 Prague lost its German majority, which had existed since the Middle Ages. The city was characterized by a lively cultural exchange between the nationalities, but there were also increasing conflicts between the ethnic groups, which were often of a social nature. Around 1900, cosmopolitan Prague was a center for Czech and German artists and writers.

After the First World War, the Czech national movement around Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk achieved its goal and democratic Czechoslovakia, the national state of the Czechs and Slovaks, was founded, with Prague as its capital. The city was enlarged in 1920 with the incorporation of numerous suburbs and it experienced an economic and cultural boom. In 1937 the civil airport Praha Ruzyně was opened.

The fate of democratic Czechoslovakia was finally sealed with the Munich Agreement in 1938 and the invasion of the Wehrmacht on Hitler's orders the following year. Prague became the capital of the newly established Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia. During the occupation, the National Socialists had over 40,000 Jews deported from Prague and murdered. On May 27, 1942, resistance fighters carried out a deadly assassination attempt on Reinhard Heydrich, the deputy Reich Protector. On May 5, 1945, the citizens of Prague revolted and fought at the barricades. Most of the Wehrmacht withdrew before the Red Army reached Prague on May 9th. Immediately after the end of the war in May 1945, the Germans left the city or were forcibly expelled, ending the centuries-long multilingual character of Prague.

In February 1948, Prague came under the communist regime of Klement Gottwald. During the Prague Spring of 1968, a peaceful attempt was made to replace the prevailing authoritarian socialism with liberal reforms into “socialism with a human face”. This was crushed at gunpoint by Warsaw Pact troops on August 21.

In September 1989, refugees from the GDR who had sought refuge in the West German embassy were allowed to emigrate to the West. In November 1989, Prague was the scene of the so-called Velvet Revolution, which spelled the end of the socialist regime in Czechoslovakia.




Prague is centrally located in the west of the Czech Republic on the Vltava River, around 40 kilometers from where it flows into the Elbe in Mělník. The distance to the outermost border points is around 110 kilometers to the north, around 170 kilometers to the west and south, and around 320 kilometers to the east (to the old Bohemian eastern border around 170 kilometers; each as the crow flies).

A large part of the city lies in a wide valley of the Vltava, which flows through the city area for 30 kilometers and forms a large loop in the northern part. On the southern arc of this loop lies the historic city center, dominated by the two castle hills of Hradčany (Hradschin) to the north and Vyšehrad to the south. The rest is distributed among other hills surrounding the valley: Letná, Vítkov, Větrov, Skalka, Emauzy, Karlov and the highest of them, Petřín. Due to the incorporations, primarily in the 20th century, the urban area now extends far into the Prague plateau (Pražská plošina). Some natural beauties such as the Šárka Valley and the Modřany Gorge also belong to the town.

The Vltava enters the city area in the south at a height of around 190 meters and leaves it in the north at around 176 meters. It has an average depth of 2.75 meters with a maximum depth of 10.5 meters. It flows around several islands, including the Slovanský ostrov, Dětský ostrov and Střelecký ostrov south of Charles Bridge, as well as the Kampa, which supports the western part of Charles Bridge, and receives numerous watercourses, the largest of which is the Berounka north of Zbraslav (from the west), the Botič between the New Town and Vyšehrad (from the east) and the Rokytka in the port of Libeň (also from the east).

The highest heights are in the west and south of the city. In the west, the Bílá hora (White Mountain) reaches 381 meters, at the city limits southwest of it 397 meters are measured. In the south, the Čihadlo rises to 385 meters.

Politically, Prague is completely surrounded by the region of Central Bohemia (Středočeský kraj).



Prague's mild climate is influenced by both the Atlantic and continental sides. The average annual temperature is around 8 °C, minus values in winter reached up to −17 °C most recently (2006), plus values in summer up to 35 °C. Most precipitation falls in the summer months (May: 77 mm), the winter months are relatively dry (October to March: 23 to 32 mm). (all data related to the meteorological station at Ruzyně Airport)

Compared to the long-term average from 1961 to 1990 (international reference period), an increase in temperature values of around 1 degree and a decrease in precipitation of around 20 millimeters can be observed in recent years (see also the adjacent climate graphics for the periods 1961-1990, 1991-2005 and 1961-2005).

The data for the meteorological station in Karlov (Prager Neustadt) shows both higher temperatures and lower precipitation, along with the warmer and drier tendencies of recent years; However, it must be taken into account that the location in the city center has a strong influence on the weather data.



There are two suggestions for the origin of the name of Praha (Prague, Praga). On the one hand, a connection with práh "beam, threshold" is suspected, with reference to wooden beams that would have straightened the Vltava River. Another theory, considered more likely by Max Vasmer, is that there is a connection with the word pražit "to burn" (supposed name motif of slash-and-burn).

In the founding legend attested by the chronicler Cosmas, the name is etymologized with reference to the word for "threshold". The town founder Libuše is said to have sent her entourage into a forest to knock a doorstep out of a tree. This is where Prague is said to have been founded by Libuše.


Golden city of a hundred towers

The nickname "Golden City" refers to the sandstone towers that shimmer in golden tones when the sun shines. Another explanation for this name is that Emperor Charles IV had the towers of Prague Castle gilded. In addition, the city was a magnet for alchemists at the time of Rudolf II.

The name "city of a hundred towers" has been known for several centuries and comes from the numerous towers that characterize the historic townscape.

In the second half of the 10th century, the merchant Ibrahim ibn Yaqub described Prague as “the city built of stone and lime” or “Stone Prague”. Other nicknames for Prague include Praga totius Bohemiae domina (Prague, the lady of all Bohemia) and Praga mater urbium (Prague, the mother of all cities). In the Middle Ages, Prague was known as Praga caput regni (Prague, the head of the kingdom), today the heraldic motto has been changed to Praga caput rei publicae (Head of the Republic).


Politics and administration

The organs of the capital city of Prague are: City Council (Zastupitelstvo hlavního města Prahy), City Council (Rada) and Lord Mayor (Primátor). The 65-strong city council is elected in general municipal elections by proportional representation. They then elect the eleven-member city council and the mayor, the Primátor, from their own ranks.

Since the administrative reform of 2000, the city of Prague has been an independent, higher self-governing territorial unit and is thus equal to the other 13 regions (Kraj) of the Czech Republic. The Primátor of Prague immediately fulfills the duties of a region's captain.

Every ordinance and the city's budget must be passed by the city council. The city administration office is the magistrate. Its areas of responsibility are the self-government of the city at the overall level and the execution of the delegated state power as soon as this does not belong to the smaller self-governing units.

Since July 1, 2001, the city has been divided into 57 districts (městská část) and 22 administrative districts (správní obvod). The administration of each district is called district authority (e.g. Úřad městské části Praha 1). Within the framework of self-government, the districts have similar structures to the city as a whole: district council, council and mayor.

The districts are combined with others into 22 administrative districts (some districts form the administrative district alone). There is always a district authority in these administrative districts, which takes on administrative tasks for all districts in the administrative district. It is called the Commissioned Authority (pověřený úřad).


Coat of arms, flag

The shield of the Prague Coat of Arms (Small City Coat of Arms):
Blazon: "In red a growing black-jointed, silver-tinned, golden city wall with three growing black-jointed golden towers with silver-crossed black windows, the outside with shingle-covered golden tent roofs, the middle one higher with the same hipped roof, in the middle an open black silver-framed gate with gate wings placed outwards in natural colors and a half-drawn golden portcullis, under it an armored silver arm with a sword of the same type.”

Large city coat of arms: "On the shield three gold-crowned silver spear helmets (toad head helmets) with red and gold covers. A gold-crowned, gold-armoured and gold-tongued silver lion grows on the middle helmet, the two outer ones are each decorated with twelve national flags with golden pole tips. Shield Holder: Two gold-crowned, gold-armored and -tongued silver lions. Under the pedestal a red ribbon with the motto in black majuscules: PRAGA CAPUT REI PUBLICAE.”

Explanation of coat of arms: towers and walls stand for Prague Castle, the silver arm for the readiness to defend, the silver lion (helmet decoration and both shield holders) is the Bohemian lion. The Latin motto means: "Prague, capital (city) of the republic".

The Prague flag has yellow and red vertical stripes, the height-to-length ratio is two to three.