Kroměříž

 

 

Kroměříž (German Kremsier), nicknamed Hanácké Athens, is a town in the Zlín Region. It lies on the river Moravia at the southern end of the Upper Moravian gorge and at the same time at the southern tip of the fertile Haná. Approximately 29,000 inhabitants live here.

In 1997, Kroměříž was declared the most beautiful historical town in the Czech Republic, and a year later the local Archbishop's Castle, together with the Květná and Podzámecká Gardens, was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List.

The city traditionally hosts the International Festival of Military Wind Music and the International Festival of Sacred Music FORFEST. On the outskirts of the city is the Agricultural Research Institute Kroměříž (formerly the Research Institute of Cereals, etc., founded in 1951), which deals with research and breeding of cereals.

 

History

In the Middle Ages, there was a ford across the Morava River and the intersection of the Amber and Salt Trails (which was a de facto continuation of the famous Silk Road).

The first written record of Kroměříž dates from 1110. On the Arabic map, known as Tabula Rogeriana, the city is referred to as Agra. In 1207, Přemysl Otakar I confirmed to Bishop Robert of Olomouc the possession of the village of Kroměříž, which was bought by his predecessor, Bishop Jan II. from Prince Ota Černý for 300 hryvnia.

The town was founded by the Bishop of Olomouc, Bruno of Schauenburg, in 1260. The bishops of Olomouc built a representative summer residence in Kroměříž and moved part of the administration of the diocese here. During the Moravian Margrave Wars, John IX found refuge here. from Wednesday. During the Hussite wars, when John XII was the bishop. Iron, the city suffered greatly. At the turn of the 15th and 16th centuries, Bishop Stanislav I. Thurzo began the reconstruction of the Gothic castle into a chateau. In 1550, Bishop Jan Skála of Doubravka, who was also an important historian and writer, granted privileges to the Kroměříž miller's guild. At the beginning of the 17th century, Bishop Francis of Dietrichstein began the construction of a Franciscan monastery. During the Thirty Years' War, the city suffered a lot twice in a row from the invasion of Swedish troops (1643 and 1645) and subsequently by the plague. The tragic fate of Kroměříž Jews during the Thirty Years' War is colorfully described in the mourning song Kroměřížská selicha, which is preserved in a manuscript from 1702. In the 1760s, Bishop Charles II of Olomouc began an extensive renovation of the town. Liechtenstein-Kastelkorn. In the years 1806–1813, 1815–1821 and 1845–1847, the headquarters of the 3rd Infantry Regiment was located in Kroměříž. In 1848, the Reichstag met in Kroměříž. On April 15 and 16, 1905, Professor Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk lectured in Kroměříž on the topic of the problem of a small nation. On August 27, 1929, Masaryk officially visited the city as President of the Czechoslovak Republic.

Due to its enormous cultural significance (the city has been the cultural center of Haná and the whole of Central Moravia since the 17th century), the city has earned the nickname of Haná Athens. The town of Kroměříž, the second largest town in the Zlín Region in terms of population and a former district town, is a strong natural regional center located on the Morava River.

20th century
The city was known as a city of soldiers (two barracks) and students (a number of secondary schools) and retirees. Today, Hanácké náměstí is located on the site of Žižek's barracks, and Tesco on the site of Rybalek's barracks. Soldiers from Rybalka's barracks also served in the Hvězda area near Velké Těšany (anti-aircraft defense, the so-called "rockets").