Blansko

 

 

Blansko (German: Blanz) is a town in the South Moravian Region. It lies in the valley of the river Svitava, 19 km north of Brno. The center has an altitude of 276 m, most of the city is located on a slope above the left bank of the Svitavy. Blansko covers an area of 18.29 km2 and has a population of approximately 20,000.

 

History

The shards of pottery date from the first half of the eleventh century, which were found in 2017 during construction work at the Blane church. The first written mention of the local settlement, today's Old Blansko, on the right bank of the Svitavy appears in the Letop of the so-called Vyšehrad Canon and dates back to 1136, when there was a sharp property (but mainly political) dispute over the right to build a church in Blansko between Olomouc Bishop Jindřich Zdík and the Brno Prince Prince Wrocław. Blansko and other settlements became the property of the Olomouc diocese and its holders received these goods as a fief. In the second half of the 13th century, Blansek Castle, east of Blansko, became the center of this estate.

In 1277, the Bishop of Olomouc, Bruno of Schauenburg, founded a new settlement on the left bank of the river, which, as the so-called New Blansko, became the core of the later town. In the possession of both villages, a number of lazy owners took turns, the most famous of which was the family of lords from Kunštát and Černohorský from Boskovice. From 1526, the Blansko estate was owned by the family of lords from Doubravka and Hradiště, under whom the neglected farm was improved and repaired and the settlements of Staré and Nové Blansko merged into one whole. Jan Dubravius ​​bought the manor court from Blansko from Boskovice from Jaroslav Černohorský, which he combined with other goods. In 1580, Matyáš Žalkovský of Žalkovice promoted Blansko to a town. In the years 1631–1694, Blansko was held by a family of lords from Rožmitál. The Silesian family of Counts Gellhorn founded the first ironworks here in 1698. The development of Blansko took place in the 19th century in connection with the expansion of the local ironworks and engineering works, which were built by Hugo František Salm. The Brno - Česká Třebová railway line, which was ceremoniously opened on January 1, 1849, contributed to the further expansion of the town. In this period, when robots and aristocratic estates were abolished, Blansko became the center of one of the three judicial districts under the governor's office in Boskovice. .

Blansko was promoted from a township to a town by Emperor Francis Joseph I in 1905. In that year a commemorative letter was written describing the conditions in Blansko, the state of industry, education, associations, etc. At that time Blansko had 417 houses with 3,350 inhabitants and was developed. industrial city. The largest factory was Salm's ironworks, which produced a wide range of not only hardware production and employed 2,000 workers. Another plant was the factory and foundry of the Ježek company employing 400 workers. The Carl Mayers Söhne factory produced clay stoves and fireclay and employed 120 workers. Other smaller companies were the František Šauman farm machinery factory, the Družstvo železářů farm machinery factory, the Nejezchleb brothers engineering plant, the Martin Kala brickyard, etc. In 1911, engineer Erich Roučka founded a factory in Blansko for the production of electrical measuring instruments and control systems, which he sold 23 years later. Robert Sochor. In 1945, the factory was nationalized and named Metro Blansko. Together with ČKD Blansko and Adast Blansko, it formed the core of the Blansko industry until 1989. In 1949, Blansko became a district town. To this day, it has retained its industrial character, although its importance for employment in the district has declined considerably.