Litoměřice

 

Litoměřice (German: Leitmeritz) is a town at the confluence of the Elbe and Ohře rivers in northern Bohemia on the western edge of the Elbe lowlands (formerly known as the "golden stripe of the Czech lands") in the Ústí nad Labem region. Litoměřice is also known as the Garden of Bohemia for its fertile location. The total area of ​​the town is 17.99 km², the town has about 24,000 inhabitants, but together with the neighboring towns of Terezín, Bohušovice nad Ohří and Lovosice, which are almost connected to Litoměřice, it forms an agglomeration with almost 40,000 inhabitants. It became a royal city between 1219 and 1228. The historical core of the city has been a city monument reserve since 1950, which includes a total of 44 streets and nine squares. The diocese of Litoměřice is located in the town.

Soon after its founding, the town gained a leading position in the northwestern part of Bohemia not only due to its royal status and the numerous privileges that the town gained over time, but above all due to its location. The protected location from the north and west of the Bohemian Central Mountains, the navigable Elbe and the fertile region has become a basic prerequisite for the wealth and development of the city. Litoměřice became an important administrative and religious center of Bohemia in the Middle Ages. What has always been the advantage of the city, that is its confinement in the valley ending the Elbe lowlands between the Elbe and the beginning of the Bohemian Central Mountains, has become its disadvantage during the development of industry. The absence of suitable land for the construction of industrial areas hindered the further development of Litoměřice and enabled the rise and later dominance of industrial Ústí nad Labem. However, what the city did not lose is its picturesqueness, atmosphere and historical monuments.