Hradec Králové (German Königgrätz; Latin Hradecz Reginae) is a
statutory town in eastern Bohemia and the capital of the Hradec
Králové region. It lies at the confluence of the Elbe and Orlice and
is part of the Hradec-Pardubice agglomeration. Approximately 93,000
inhabitants live here.
Due to its convenient characteristics, the territory of Hradec was inhabited as early as prehistoric times. In the Middle Ages, it was the dowry town of Czech queens and at this time owes the Gothic cathedral of St. Ducha on its Great Square, which today, next to the White Tower and the Old Town Hall, is one of the city's landmarks. In the years 1766 to 1857, the city served as a military fortress, due to the lack of interest of the city, renewed and abolished only in 1884. The city administration took full advantage of the possibility of full management of urban development. This literally freed up space for the golden era of Hradec Králové architecture at the beginning of the 20th century, from which the city received the designation Salon republiky, mainly thanks to the buildings of Gočár and Kotěra.
Hradec Králové is a university town, taught by the University of Hradec Králové, some faculties of Charles University and the University of Defense. For example, the regional court or the bishops of the Hradec Králové diocese of the Catholic and Czechoslovak Hussite Church are located here. The Klicper Theater is a renowned stage that has won the "Theater of the Year" award four times, and the Central Artkino boasts the 2008 "Best European Cinema for Young Audiences" award. Rock for People and Hip Hop Kemp festivals.