Velké Meziříčí


Velké Meziříčí (German Groß Meseritsch, in Yiddish גרויס מעזריטש Grojs Majzryč) is a town with extended powers in western Moravia in the eastern part of the Vysočina Region in the district of Žďár nad Sázavou, located 32 km east of Jihlava and 46 km west of Brno at the confluence of the Oslava and Balinky. Colloquially, the city is abbreviated Velmez, or Mez or also dialect Medřič. Today's name Velké Meziříčí also comes from the confluence of both rivers. Approximately 11,000 inhabitants live here. The emblem has a red shield with seven silver lips set in a gold perison.

The city is located close to the D1 motorway, which spans the city with the Vysočina Bridge at its 144th kilometer. About 4 km from Velké Meziříčí lies the Mostiště reservoir, which supplies drinking water to the entire wider area around the city. Many natural scenery can be found around the town, such as the Balinské Valley and the Nesměř Valley. In 2008, the city celebrated the 600th anniversary of the granting of full city rights by Lacko z Kravař.

The neighboring villages of the seat are Martinice, Uhřínov, Bory, Petráveč, Radostín nad Oslavou, Stránecká Zhoř, Vienna, Baliny, Březejc, Jabloňov, Oslavice, Osové, Netín, Lavičky, Sviny and Kozlov.



The first written mention of the town is from the year 1236, when Budislav of Meziříčí is mentioned, in 1281 it is followed by Znata of Meziříčí and in 1286 Jindřich of Meziříčí. In the years 1330 - 1330, the castle was held by Jan of Meziříčí, which begins a continuous succession of castle owners. In 1377, the Meziříč estate consisted of a castle, the town of Meziříčí and fourteen villages: Čikov, Březka, Rohy, Olší, Lhota (later extinct), Jestřabí, Zhořec, Lavičky, Hrbov, Radslavičky, Bochovičky (later extinct), Pohořílky, Budeč and Veselí . Velké Meziříčí gained city rights in 1408, when he held the manor and the castle was rebuilt by Lacek of Kravař. Around 1424, the town became an important stronghold of the Hussites in Moravia, and in the years 1434 - 1515 the town belonged to the Lords of Lomnice. The city privileges were restored in 1548 by King Ferdinand I of Habsburg, and from 1594 Velké Berříčí was held by the provincial governor Ladislav Berka of Dubá.

During the Thirty Years' War, the city was looted eight times. In 1723 the town and the castle were engulfed in a great fire, and from the following year the town was held by Maria Eleonora of Liechtenstein, born Countess of Öttingen-Spielberg. In 1886, the town gained a train connection by building a line from Studenec, its extension to Křižanov, opened at the end of 1953, required a partial relocation of the line in the city, including the construction of a new railway station. In 1945, the so-called Velkomeziríč massacre took place, and in 1968, Soviet occupation troops arrived in the town (Wednesday, August 21, 1968).

From 2006 to 2010, František Bradáč served as mayor; since 2010, Radovan Necid has held this position. The members of the city council were announced after the signing of the coalition agreement, which was signed by four associations and parties: the ODS, the CSSD, the Election for the City and the Independents. Radovan Necid defended the position of mayor in the 2014 elections. The members of the city council were announced after the signing of the coalition agreement, which was signed by six associations and parties: YES 2011, CSSD, KDU-CSL, KSCM, To pravni Mezirici and Choice for the city. At the meeting of the council on September 27, 2017, five of the seven members of the council were recalled and Mayor Necid subsequently resigned.

In 2018, soundings were carried out on the arched road bridge over the Balinka River, which was intended for demolition, which collapsed during the soundings. The new bridge was opened at the end of November of the same year, the total price reached CZK 17.6 million. According to conservationists, the original bridge was supposed to remain standing, it dates from 1924, but it fell.