Jeseník

 

Jeseník (until 1947 Frývaldov, German Freiwaldau) is a town in the Olomouc Region in the Jeseník District, 71 km north of Olomouc at the confluence of the Bělá and Staříč rivers. Approximately 11,000 inhabitants live here. It is the largest city in the Czech part of the historical territory of the Principality of Nis.

 

The town of Jeseník is administratively bordered on the north by the villages of Mikulovice and Česká Ves, on the west by the village of Lipová-lázně, on the south by the village of Bělá pod Pradědem and on the east by the town of Zlaté Hory. It is 69.5 km as the crow flies from the regional city of Olomouc, but it is over 100 km by road.

Geomorphologically, Jeseník belongs to the province of Česká vysočina, subprovince of Krkonoše-Jesenice (Sudeten), Jesenice (East Sudeten), on the border of the geomorphological unit Rychlebské hory (subunit Sokolský hřbet), geomorphological unit Hrubý Jeseník (subunit Medvědská hornatina) and geomorphological Bělská pahorkatina and Rejvízská hornatina). The highest mountains are in the southeastern tip of the cadastre - Velké Bradlo (1050 m above sea level) and Srnčí vrch (1027 m above sea level).

The territory of Jeseník belongs to the Odra river basin, resp. Kladské Nisa. The Bělákem flows through the northern direction of Bělá, into which the Staříč stream flows from the left in the town. In Bukovice, Bělá from the right receives the Vrchovištní stream, which drains the Rejvíz peat bogs. In the vicinity of Lázně Jeseník there are a number of springs of the Jesenice system, especially Romanian, Bezručův, Žofiin, Slovanský, Rudolfův, Pražský, Polský, Mariin. Others are located to the east of the city: eg springs English, Greek, Tourist, Edward, Svornosti and Diana.

Almost 20% of the city's territory is agricultural land (5% arable land, 12.5% ​​meadows and pastures), almost 62% forest and 17.5% built-up and other (eg industrial) areas.