Frederiksborg Castle/ Palace Frederiksborg Slot

Frederiksborg Castle


Location: Frederiksborg Slot 11 3400 Hillerød, Zealand   Map

Tel. 42 26 04 39

Open: Apr- Sep: 10am- 5pm daily

Oct- Mar: 11am- 3pm daily

Baroque gardens: 10am- sunset


History of Frederiksborg Castle

Frederiksborg Castle is located in Hillerød, Zealand region of Denmark. Royal residence is spread over three islets in the middle of the Slotssøen Lake. Construction of Frederiksborg Palace started in 1560 by king Frederik II who also gave the chateau its name. Most of the structure, however, was constructed by Frederik II's son, Christian IV in Renaissance style. Between 1671 and 1840 all Danish monarchs were crowned in the small chapel of the Frederiksborg Palace. Frederiksborg Palace was badly damaged during sweeping fire of 1859, but in 1860- 84 it was reconstructed with help of brewer J.C. Jacobsen and later Carlsberg Foundation. Some additions included The National History Museum and an impressive collection or portraits, historical paintings and modern art. Newly renovated palace was open to all citizens on February 1882.
Palace chapel constructed by Christian IV houses an organ built by Esajas Compenius since 1610. It escaped the great fire in the 19th century. Small chapel adjacent to Frederiksborg Castle was used to crown many Danish royals is still used today occasionally. This includes Prince Joachim and Princess Alexandra who were crowned here in November 1995. Another structure that survived damage by a devastating fire is a Bath House Palace (Badstueslot). It is one of the original structures of Frederiksborg Palace erected by its founder Frederik II.


The first castle on the site of Frederiksborg was founded in 1560 by King Frederick II and was named Hillerødsholm after the nearby town. In 1599, his son Christian IV started rebuilding his favorite country residence, which he gave the name of his father, Frederiksborg.

The final chord of construction work was the installation of a fountain with a statue of Neptune in front of the main entrance to the palace in 1622, symbolizing the rule of Christian IV over the northern seas. Bronze figures for the fountain were sculpted in Prague by the recognized master of mannerism, Adrian de Vries. After the Roskilde Peace, the Swedes took the fountain to Drottningholm; in 1888 a copy took its place.

In 1693, the palace chapel was transferred by the king to the orders of the Elephant and Dannebrog. From 1671 to 1840, all Danish monarchs were crowned in this chapel.

On a cold night from December 16 to 17, 1859, King Frederick VII demanded that the fireplace be lit in the castle, although the chimney was being repaired. The result was a big fire that left Frederiksborg in ruins.

Immediately after the fire, Danish merchants led by the brewer Jacobsen began raising funds for the reconstruction of the shrine of national history. The reconstruction was completed by February 1882. Under the auspices of the Carlsberg Foundation founded by Jacobsen, the National History Museum was organized on the castle squares.

The Small Knights 'Hall on the first floor and the Great Knights' Hall on the second floor were rebuilt after the fire in the form in which they were during the time of King Christian IV (1588-1648). At that time, the dining room for the courtiers was located on the ground floor.

The halls on the second floor display exhibits from the times of the first Oldenburg kings - from Christian I (1448-1481) to Christian IV, including the largest collection of portraits of the Danish royal family and its relatives. The palace church of Christian IV has been preserved in its original form, in which the coronation ceremony of Danish monarchs was traditionally held. The imposing reception hall was designed by the architect Lambert van Haven for Christian V in the 1680s.

The east wing houses exhibits from the second half of the 19th - early 20th centuries. On the third floor of the castle, paintings, furniture and objects of palace use of the 18th-19th centuries are exhibited. The fourth floor displays contemporary Danish art of the 20th and 21st centuries. Frederiksborg periodically hosts exhibitions of contemporary portrait photography. Cinema and video halls have been equipped.