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Destinations Travel Guide
Currency: Danish krone (DKK)
Calling Code: 45
Description of Denmark
Denmark is a sovereign country member of the
European Union located in northern Europe. It is the southernmost of
the Nordic countries and also the smallest. Officially, the Kingdom
of Denmark - in Danish: Kongeriget Danmark or Danmarks Rige - is a
community made up of three autonomous parts, Denmark itself and its
two overseas territories or dependent territories, Greenland and the
Faroe Islands. Its capital and most populous city is Copenhagen,
which is located on the island of Selandia. Denmark is the least
corrupt country in the world (2010) and, according to studies, the
country where the inhabitants are happiest and one of the best in
the world to live.
Denmark is part of Scandinavia and only
has a land border with Germany, although since 1999 it has been
linked to Sweden by road and rail, via the Øresund bridge. The
Danish territory consists of the Jutland peninsula (Jylland) and 407
islands, of which 79 are inhabited (2009), Denmark has 7314 km of
coastline and is completely surrounded by the North Sea and the
Baltic Sea, except for Jutland, which links it to the European
continent. The main Danish islands are Zealand (Sjælland), Fyn
(Fyn), Vendsyssel-Thy, Lolandia and Bornholm, the furthest from the
Danish archipelago. This position has given Denmark, historically,
control over access to the Baltic Sea.
Since 1849, the year
in which the absolute monarchy that had ruled the country since 1660
was abolished, it became a parliamentary monarchy in 1901. In terms
of permanence, the Danish monarchy can be considered the oldest
monarchy in the world, having existed for at least one millennium.
Denmark is part of the European Union (but does not use the euro).
When the country joined the EEC in 1973 it did so without the Faroe
Islands, while Greenland chose to separate from the EEC in 1985. It
also became a founding member of NATO in 1949, ending the
traditional policy of neutrality that I had held until then.
Due to its poor nature in geological resources, Denmark sustained
its economy in agricultural activity, thanks to its farms, fishing
exploitation and the naval industry. In the last century, the Danes
have promoted the industrialization of their country and have
favored the establishment of a welfare state, guaranteeing access to
public services since the signing of the Kanslergade agreement in
1933. Denmark was occupied by Nazi Germany during World War II.
Voergård Castle is an impressive mansion
built in the sixteenth century by Bad Krumpen bishop of
History of Denmark
Denmark is located on the Jutland peninsula and
the islands of Funen, Zealand, Falster, Lolland, Bornholm, parts of
the North Frisian and others. In the south of the Jutland peninsula,
Denmark borders Germany and is washed by the North and Baltic Seas;
The Skagerrak Strait separates Denmark from Norway, and the Kattegat
and Öresund Straits separate from Sweden. Formally, Denmark includes
the largest island in the world - Greenland, as well as the Faroe
Islands, but these territories are self-governing, making them
The area occupied by land is 42,394 km²,
and water is 700 km². The highest point is Iding-Skovkhoy (173 m),
the lowest is the Lammefjord (−7 m). The length of the borders with
Germany is 67 km. The coastline is 7314 km long.
lowland landscape. The relief is flat with traces of glaciation. In
the west of Jutland there are sandy and moraine plains, in the north
and east - a hilly terrain with ridges of moraines up to 173 m high
and numerous lakes. Small rivers predominate, the most significant
of them is Gudeno. On the plain are numerous small flowing lakes of
The climate is temperate, marine, with mild,
unstable winters, cool summers and extended transitional seasons.
The average temperature in February is 0 ... −1 ° C, July - + 15 ...
+ 17 ° C.
Danish landscapes are one of three types:
agricultural land, treeless communities (meadows, swamps, moorlands)
and forest plantations. Forests, as of 2005, occupy about 13% of the
country's territory. Indigenous broad-leaved (beech and oak) forests
were destroyed during the development of the territory; currently
about 3,000 ha of forests are planted annually. The islands are
dominated by cultivated oak forests, on the Jutland Peninsula -
coniferous (ordinary spruce, pine).
In Denmark, 49 species of
mammals live, of which 19 are included in the Red Book of Denmark.
Most of them are rodents and insectivores. Roe deer and red deer
have been preserved in the forests, Baltic seal, common seal,
long-mouted seal in the waters of the North Sea. Since 1850, about
350 indigenous species of animals and plants have been lost.