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Denmark Destinations Travel Guide



Language: Danish

Currency: Danish krone (DKK)

Calling Code: 45




Description of Denmark

Denmark is a sovereign country member of the European Union located in northern Europe. It is the southernmost of the Nordic countries and also the smallest. Officially, the Kingdom of Denmark - in Danish: Kongeriget Danmark or Danmarks Rige - is a community made up of three autonomous parts, Denmark itself and its two overseas territories or dependent territories, Greenland and the Faroe Islands. Its capital and most populous city is Copenhagen, which is located on the island of Selandia. Denmark is the least corrupt country in the world (2010) and, according to studies, the country where the inhabitants are happiest and one of the best in the world to live.

Denmark is part of Scandinavia and only has a land border with Germany, although since 1999 it has been linked to Sweden by road and rail, via the Øresund bridge. The Danish territory consists of the Jutland peninsula (Jylland) and 407 islands, of which 79 are inhabited (2009), Denmark has 7314 km of coastline and is completely surrounded by the North Sea and the Baltic Sea, except for Jutland, which links it to the European continent. The main Danish islands are Zealand (Sjælland), Fyn (Fyn), Vendsyssel-Thy, Lolandia and Bornholm, the furthest from the Danish archipelago. This position has given Denmark, historically, control over access to the Baltic Sea.

Since 1849, the year in which the absolute monarchy that had ruled the country since 1660 was abolished, it became a parliamentary monarchy in 1901. In terms of permanence, the Danish monarchy can be considered the oldest monarchy in the world, having existed for at least one millennium. Denmark is part of the European Union (but does not use the euro). When the country joined the EEC in 1973 it did so without the Faroe Islands, while Greenland chose to separate from the EEC in 1985. It also became a founding member of NATO in 1949, ending the traditional policy of neutrality that I had held until then.

Due to its poor nature in geological resources, Denmark sustained its economy in agricultural activity, thanks to its farms, fishing exploitation and the naval industry. In the last century, the Danes have promoted the industrialization of their country and have favored the establishment of a welfare state, guaranteeing access to public services since the signing of the Kanslergade agreement in 1933. Denmark was occupied by Nazi Germany during World War II.


Travel Destinations in Denmark



Copenhagen is the largest city in Denmark as well as the capital of the country. It is located mainly on the largest island in the country, Zealand as well as part of Amager.




Fredensborg Palace


Fredensborg Palace located on the island of Zealand and it is spring and autumn residence of the Danish Royal Family.

Frederiksborg Castle


Frederiksborg Castle is a magnificent royal residence surrounded by parks. It was constructed on the orders of King Christian IV.



Frilandsmuseet is an open air museum in Lyngby at the northern outskirts of Copenhagen.

Hammershus Castle


Hammershus Castle is a ruined medieval fortress situated on a Bornholm Island.


Hjerl Hedes Frilandsmuseum


Hjerl Hedes Frilandsmuseum is a open air museum of traditional Danish village life.


Jelling Runic Stones


Jelling Stones is a collection of boulders with historic records that date back to the 10th century. They are covered by medieval runes or writings.

Jægerspris Slot


Jægerspris Slot is a Danish manor house and king's residence located on an island of Zealand.



Magnificent medieval castle of Kronborg is also known as a Hamlet's citadel.


Mols Bjerg National Park


Mols Bjerg National Park or Mols Hills is a small national preserved situated in the Central Jutland region of Denmark.

Thy National Park


Thy National Park is an incredibly beautiful area that lies on the Northern coast of Denmark in the Jutland region.

Østerlars Church


Østerlars Church situated on Bornholm island is famous for its unusual architecture.

Voergård Castle


Voergård Castle is an impressive mansion built in the sixteenth century by Bad Krumpen bishop of Børglum.






History of Denmark

Denmark is located on the Jutland peninsula and the islands of Funen, Zealand, Falster, Lolland, Bornholm, parts of the North Frisian and others. In the south of the Jutland peninsula, Denmark borders Germany and is washed by the North and Baltic Seas; The Skagerrak Strait separates Denmark from Norway, and the Kattegat and Öresund Straits separate from Sweden. Formally, Denmark includes the largest island in the world - Greenland, as well as the Faroe Islands, but these territories are self-governing, making them almost independent.

The area occupied by land is 42,394 km², and water is 700 km². The highest point is Iding-Skovkhoy (173 m), the lowest is the Lammefjord (−7 m). The length of the borders with Germany is 67 km. The coastline is 7314 km long.

Country lowland landscape. The relief is flat with traces of glaciation. In the west of Jutland there are sandy and moraine plains, in the north and east - a hilly terrain with ridges of moraines up to 173 m high and numerous lakes. Small rivers predominate, the most significant of them is Gudeno. On the plain are numerous small flowing lakes of glacial origin.

The climate is temperate, marine, with mild, unstable winters, cool summers and extended transitional seasons. The average temperature in February is 0 ... −1 ° C, July - + 15 ... + 17 ° C.

Danish landscapes are one of three types: agricultural land, treeless communities (meadows, swamps, moorlands) and forest plantations. Forests, as of 2005, occupy about 13% of the country's territory. Indigenous broad-leaved (beech and oak) forests were destroyed during the development of the territory; currently about 3,000 ha of forests are planted annually. The islands are dominated by cultivated oak forests, on the Jutland Peninsula - coniferous (ordinary spruce, pine).

In Denmark, 49 species of mammals live, of which 19 are included in the Red Book of Denmark. Most of them are rodents and insectivores. Roe deer and red deer have been preserved in the forests, Baltic seal, common seal, long-mouted seal in the waters of the North Sea. Since 1850, about 350 indigenous species of animals and plants have been lost.