Denmark

Denmark Destinations Travel Guide

 

 

Language: Danish
Currency: Danish krone (DKK)
Calling Code: 45

 

Description of Denmark

Denmark is a sovereign country member of the European Union located in northern Europe. It is the southernmost of the Nordic countries and also the smallest. Officially, the Kingdom of Denmark - in Danish: Kongeriget Danmark or Danmarks Rige - is a community made up of three autonomous parts, Denmark itself and its two overseas territories or dependent territories, Greenland and the Faroe Islands. Its capital and most populous city is Copenhagen, which is located on the island of Selandia. Denmark is the least corrupt country in the world (2010) and, according to studies, the country where the inhabitants are happiest and one of the best in the world to live.

Denmark is part of Scandinavia and only has a land border with Germany, although since 1999 it has been linked to Sweden by road and rail, via the Øresund bridge. The Danish territory consists of the Jutland peninsula (Jylland) and 407 islands, of which 79 are inhabited (2009), Denmark has 7314 km of coastline and is completely surrounded by the North Sea and the Baltic Sea, except for Jutland, which links it to the European continent. The main Danish islands are Zealand (Sjælland), Fyn (Fyn), Vendsyssel-Thy, Lolandia and Bornholm, the furthest from the Danish archipelago. This position has given Denmark, historically, control over access to the Baltic Sea.

Since 1849, the year in which the absolute monarchy that had ruled the country since 1660 was abolished, it became a parliamentary monarchy in 1901. In terms of permanence, the Danish monarchy can be considered the oldest monarchy in the world, having existed for at least one millennium. Denmark is part of the European Union (but does not use the euro). When the country joined the EEC in 1973 it did so without the Faroe Islands, while Greenland chose to separate from the EEC in 1985. It also became a founding member of NATO in 1949, ending the traditional policy of neutrality that I had held until then.

Due to its poor nature in geological resources, Denmark sustained its economy in agricultural activity, thanks to its farms, fishing exploitation and the naval industry. In the last century, the Danes have promoted the industrialization of their country and have favored the establishment of a welfare state, guaranteeing access to public services since the signing of the Kanslergade agreement in 1933. Denmark was occupied by Nazi Germany during World War II.

 

Travel Destinations in Denmark

Copenhagen

Frilandsmuseet

Jægerspris Slot

 

Jutland

East Jutland

Aarhus
Billund
Ebeltoft
Fredericia
Grenaa
Horsens
Jelling
Randers
Silkeborg
Skanderborg
Vejle
Viborg
Mols Bjerg National Park

 

North Jutland
Aalborg
Aars
Blokhus
Dronninglund
Fjerritslev
Frederikshavn
Hanstholm
Hirtshals
Hjallerup
Hjørring
Hobro
Hadsund
Løkken
Mariager
Skagen
Sæby
Thisted
Thy National Park
Voergård Castle

 

South Jutland
Esbjerg
Christiansfeld
Haderslev
Højer
Kolding
Ribe
Sønderborg
Tønder
Åbenrå
Vejen

 

West Jutland
Herning
Holstebro
Lemvig
Ringkøbing
Hvide Sande
Skive
Skjern
Struer
Ulfborg
Varde
Videbæk
Hjerl Hede Frilandsmuseum

 

Funen (Fyn)

 

Odense
Assens
Bogense
Faaborg
Kerteminde
Middelfart
Nyborg
Otterup
Ringe
Svendborg

 

Sydfynske Øhav (South Funen Archipelago)

 Langeland

Rudkøbing
Spodsbjerg
Lohals
Bagenkop

 

Ærø
   

 

Zealand (Sjælland)

 North Zealand

Elsinore
Fredensborg
Frederikssund
Frederiksværk
Hillerød
Hundested
Frederiksborg Castle

 

West Zealand
Holbæk
Høng
Jyderup
Kalundborg
Korsør
Ringsted
Roskilde
Skælskør
Slagelse
Sorø

 

South Zealand
Faxe
Glumsø
Haslev
Køge
Næstved
Præstø
Store Heddinge
Vordingborg

 

Lolland-Falster

Lolland
Bandholm
Guldborg
Kragenæs
Maribo
Nakskov
Nysted
Rødby
Sakskøbing

 

 Falster

Gedser
Marielyst
Nykøbing Falster
Stubbekøbing

 

Møn
Stege  

 

Smålandsfarvandet
Fejø Femø

 

Bornholm

 

Hammershus Castle Østerlars Church

 

History of Denmark

Denmark is located on the Jutland peninsula and the islands of Funen, Zealand, Falster, Lolland, Bornholm, parts of the North Frisian and others. In the south of the Jutland peninsula, Denmark borders Germany and is washed by the North and Baltic Seas; The Skagerrak Strait separates Denmark from Norway, and the Kattegat and Öresund Straits separate from Sweden. Formally, Denmark includes the largest island in the world - Greenland, as well as the Faroe Islands, but these territories are self-governing, making them almost independent.

The area occupied by land is 42,394 km², and water is 700 km². The highest point is Iding-Skovkhoy (173 m), the lowest is the Lammefjord (−7 m). The length of the borders with Germany is 67 km. The coastline is 7314 km long.

Country lowland landscape. The relief is flat with traces of glaciation. In the west of Jutland there are sandy and moraine plains, in the north and east - a hilly terrain with ridges of moraines up to 173 m high and numerous lakes. Small rivers predominate, the most significant of them is Gudeno. On the plain are numerous small flowing lakes of glacial origin.

The climate is temperate, marine, with mild, unstable winters, cool summers and extended transitional seasons. The average temperature in February is 0 ... −1 ° C, July - + 15 ... + 17 ° C.

Danish landscapes are one of three types: agricultural land, treeless communities (meadows, swamps, moorlands) and forest plantations. Forests, as of 2005, occupy about 13% of the country's territory. Indigenous broad-leaved (beech and oak) forests were destroyed during the development of the territory; currently about 3,000 ha of forests are planted annually. The islands are dominated by cultivated oak forests, on the Jutland Peninsula - coniferous (ordinary spruce, pine).

In Denmark, 49 species of mammals live, of which 19 are included in the Red Book of Denmark. Most of them are rodents and insectivores. Roe deer and red deer have been preserved in the forests, Baltic seal, common seal, long-mouted seal in the waters of the North Sea. Since 1850, about 350 indigenous species of animals and plants have been lost.

 

 

background
In terms of area, Denmark is the smallest of the so-called Nordic countries, which - usually referred to as Scandinavia - together with the Baltic states and part of Russia form northern Europe. Although it is linguistically and culturally assigned to Scandinavia, Denmark has geographically (since the loss of Skåne, Halland and Blekinge to Sweden) no more part of the Scandinavian peninsula.

The country is also not only assigned to the European continent on which the motherland is located, but is an intercontinental country, since it has a share of the North American continent in addition to the part of the country on the continental mainland and the islands belonging to the motherland with Greenland. Like the Faroe Islands in the Atlantic, Greenland is an autonomous part of Denmark.

Geographically, the Danish motherland (apart from the Faroe Islands and Greenland) is made up of the continental Jutland peninsula and the main islands of Zealand, Fyn, Lolland, Falster and Møn and Bornholm. Strictly speaking, Jutland consists of the mainland and the island of Vendsyssel-Thy, which is separated from the rest of Jutland by the Limfjord, but is mostly not regarded as an island. In total, the kingdom consists of 443 named islands, of which over 70 are inhabited.

Important roads are the Little Belt (between Funen and Jutland), the Great Belt (between Zealand and Funen) and the Øresund (between Zealand and the Swedish Skåne).

 

Getting there

By plane
By far the largest airport in Denmark is the international airport Copenhagen-Kastrup (CPH), which is a hub of the Scandinavian airline SAS and has numerous direct connections from the German-speaking area. There is a second, much smaller airport near the capital: Copenhagen-Roskilde (RKE) is only used for short-haul flights within Denmark.

Other larger international airports are Billund (BLL) in South Jutland and Aalborg (AAL) in North Jutland.

There are smaller airports with only regional importance in Aarhus (AAR) in Central Jutland, Rønne (RNN) on Bornholm, Karup (KRP) in Central, Esbjerg (EBJ) and Sønderborg (SGD) in South Jutland - they are only from German-speaking countries accessible with transfer connections.

By train
There are two international rail lines from Germany to Denmark: every four hours an EC runs from Hamburg via Kolding and Odense to Copenhagen. The journey from Hamburg to Copenhagen takes 4:40 hours. An Intercity also runs every two hours from Flensburg to Fredericia (individual trains come directly from Hamburg or continue to Aarhus). Until 2019, the trains went to Copenhagen via Lübeck and were loaded between Puttgarden and Rødby via ferry across Fehmarnsund; Due to the construction work on the Fehmarnbelt tunnel, this type of loading is history after 56 years.

Regional trains run every 20 minutes across the Öresund Bridge between Malmö (Sweden) and Copenhagen, some from Kalmar or Växjö, some from Karlskrona and some from Mölndal near Göteborg. There is also the X2000 high-speed train, which runs every two hours, from Stockholm via Linköping to Copenhagen - the journey from Stockholm to Copenhagen takes just over five hours. An X2000 also drives every two hours from Varberg on the west coast of Sweden via Helsingborg to Copenhagen (total travel time 2:20 hours).

By bus
From Flensburg there are buses to Aarhus, Kolding and Vejle.

By street
The alcohol limit in Denmark is 0.5. The penalties for non-compliance are based on income and can be up to one month's earnings.

A mainland connection to Denmark is only available via Germany. There is a bridge from Sweden. Other countries are connected to the kingdom via ferry connections.

North Sea
The following connection is available to get to the Danish North Sea coast:
On the A7 E45 to Handewitt. Continue on the B199 and B5 to the Danish border. The P11 then continues along the southern coast.
If you want to go further north, for example near Esbjerg, follow the E 45 to Motorvejskryds Kolding Vest (Kolding Vest motorway junction; also Kolding V).

 

Baltic Sea
Travelers on the way to the Danish Baltic coast follow the A7 E45 motorway to the border near Flensburg, which then continues north as the E45.

Travelers in the direction of Sønderborg and Als follow the P8 and the signs from Motorvejskryds Kliplev near the border.
If you want to go a little further, for example to Odense or the state capital Copenhagen, follow the E20 and signs from Motorvejskryds Kolding.
Aalborg, Aarhus and Randers are on the E 45.
From Sweden you can get to Denmark on the E20, which crosses the Öresund Bridge (toll!) And connects Malmö with Copenhagen.

By boat
Scandlines operates ferries from Puttgarden to Rødby on Lolland and from Rostock-Warnemünde to Gedser on Falster. BornholmerFærgen operates the ferry routes from Sassnitz, from Køge on Zealand (near Copenhagen) and from Ystad in Sweden to Rønne on Bornholm.

There are also ferry connections to North Jutland from Norway and Sweden:

to Frederikshavn from Gothenburg and Oslo (Stenaline)
to Hirtshals from Kristiansand, Larvik (Colorline) and Bergen (Norway) (Fjordline), also from Iceland via the Faroe Islands (Smyrilline)
As a passenger on a freighter voyage, you can go ashore in Aalborg, Aarhus, Fredericia and Copenhagen.

By bicycle
Cyclists from Germany can cycle to Jutland on the North Sea Cycle Path or on the Ochsenweg from Hamburg via Flensburg, which is well signposted. The long-distance cycle route Berlin - Copenhagen, including the Rostock-Gedser ferry, leads cyclists across the islands of Falster and Zealand.

 

 

Around the country

By plane
There are domestic flights, especially between Copenhagen and Jutland (especially Aalborg) and from these two to the smaller and more remote islands (e.g. Bornholm). The most important providers are SAS, Danish Air Tranport (DAT) and Norwegian Air Shuttle.

By train
Long-distance rail transport is operated by the Danske Statsbaner (DSB). The highest and fastest train class in domestic traffic is the Lyntog (LYN; "Blitzzug"), followed by the InterCity (IC). Jutland and the larger islands of Funen, Zealand, Falster and Lolland are interconnected by bridges, so that you can travel from one to the other by train without any difficulties. On the most important route Copenhagen – Odense – Fredericia – Aarhus – Aalborg, the Lyntoge run every hour, supplemented by ICs that are also hourly. There is also an hourly IC connection between Copenhagen and South Jutland (Kolding, Esbjerg).

The regional traffic is partially outsourced to private railway companies. In Jutland z. B. Arriva Danmark local trains, which offer free wireless internet access in their carriages.

The DSB connection information takes into account both its own trains and those of private providers as well as buses.

By bus
Important providers on the long-distance bus market are Abildskou and Rødbillet. Both mainly offer connections between Copenhagen and different cities in Jutland, with Abildskou usually having more journeys while Rødbillet tends to have the lower prices.

In the street
A special feature of the country, which consists of many islands, are the numerous road bridges, especially the large bridges with which straits are bridged, such as the Storebæltsbron, the bridge over the Great Belt between Funen and Zealand, and the Øresundsbroen, the bridge over the Øresund between the Danish Zealand and the Swedish mainland near Malmö.

By bicycle
The bicycle is an everyday means of transport in Denmark, and the capital Copenhagen in particular is known for its bicycle-friendly policy. Denmark also offers good conditions for cyclists to be mobile with their own bikes. A total of 11 national cycle routes run through the country (the numbering is slightly misleading, number 11 is currently not assigned).

DK-1: The North Sea Cycle Route Denmark (Vestkystruten) (West Coast Route) as a national section of the North Sea Cycle Route leads around (almost) all of Jutland, from Rudbøl on the German-Danish border via Esbjerg, Søndervig, Thyborøn on the west coast to Hanstholm and finally on the north coast to Hirtshals and Skagen. The North Sea Cycle Route then continues over the DK-5.
DK-2: Hanstholm - Copenhagen
DK-3: Hærvejsruten (Heerwegroute) (Skiveren - Padborg)
DK-4: Søndervig - Aarhus - Copenhagen
DK-5: The North Sea Cycle Route Denmark (Østkystruten) (Baltic Sea Route) from Hulsig to Sønderborg forms the second national section of the North Sea Cycle Route. This begins in Hulsig, about halfway the Hirtshals - Skagen route, and leads along the east coast of Jutland via Frederikshavn to Grenaa, where the North Sea Cycle Route leaves Denmark for Sweden. We continue along the eastern and southern coastal areas to Sønderborg, which is back on Jutland.
DK-6: Esbjerg - Odense - Copenhagen
DK-7: Sjællands Odde - Rødby
DK-8: Sydhavsruten (South Sea Route) Rudbøl - ​​Møn
DK-9: Helsingør - Gedser
DK-10: The Bornholm Rundt leads once "Around Bornholm" in a little more than 100 km and offers a leisurely, but not always strenuous tour, which is particularly suitable for families.
DK-12: Limfjordsruten (Around the Limfjord)

By boat
Even if bridges are increasingly connecting the many islands with each other and with the mainland, ferries are still the main means of transport. Some islands can only be reached by ship, others can also be reached via bridges.

Bornholm, connections from Køge on Zealand, from Ystad in Sweden and seasonally from Sassnitz on Rügen
Fanø, connection from Esbjerg
Langeland, connection from Tårs on Lolland to Spodsbjerg, in addition to the bridge system to Fyn
Samsø, connection from Kalundborg on Zealand to Kolby Kås and from Hov (Hou) on Zealand to Sælvig
Ærø, connection from Fynshav to Als, which in turn can be reached via bridges from Sønderborg

 

 

language
In addition to the national language Danish, English is the main language spoken and understood. In the regions close to the border with Germany, especially in North Schleswig, German is also spoken, although the German language is no longer so widespread among the younger population. Norwegian and Swedish are also usually understood without any problems because they belong to the same language family.

shopping
Supermarkets are usually also open on Sundays, restrictions are possible outside of the summer season. In the tourist centers, the opening times are often the same on all days (often until 8/21 p.m.), but the supermarkets in smaller towns often close earlier on Saturday and Sunday (5/6 p.m.). Often campsites have a small "købmand" attached.

When using credit cards, fees may be added. It's only about 50 ore per process, but it may be worth paying in cash.

kitchen
Eating out in restaurants is relatively expensive; However, in all regions of Denmark there is the possibility of getting something of the same quality at lower prices in cafeterias. Local specialties are often offered (relatively) cheaply, especially in the cafeterias of museums and other sights.

Traditional Danish cuisine is based on different types of fish such as herring. In many coastal towns there are small smokehouses or fish snack bars at the harbor, in which you can get a cheap range of different smoked fish specialties during the day, as well as fried fish fillets which are now widely available. In the upscale restaurants in particular, there are also hearty meat dishes such as "dansk bøf" or "stegt flæsk og persillesovs", thick slices of pork with a cream sauce.

As in Germany, Martin's goose Mortensgås is traditionally eaten on Saint Martin's Day.

Beer is a very popular drink with meals, wine is drunk less often. An Akvavit is often drunk at the end of a meal. In contrast, self-caterers receive e.g. to the neighboring country Norway in Denmark alcoholic beverages also problem-free in the supermarket.

The warm meal of the day is called middag and is taken in the evening at 5 or 6 p.m., after 8 p.m. or 9 p.m. at the latest, most Danish restaurants will not get a hot meal. Frokost, on the other hand, is eaten at lunchtime, while breakfast is called Morgenmad.

The smørrebrød is considered the typical Danish dish. It literally means "bread and butter", but has nothing to do with a simple bread and butter, but is mostly an artfully arranged bread. Another typical dessert is "rød grød med fløde", red fruit jelly with cream.

In the Danish kitchen there is a multitude of desserts such as pies and cakes kager, cinnamon rolls Kanelsnegl, Krapfen Æbleskiver or the sweet buns Boller.

Nightlife
In Denmark people go out less often and festivals are celebrated on a grand scale at home.

Discos are considered to be something particularly noble and are not visited as often by young people as in other European countries, but then with sophisticated clothing styles. In return, the Danes like to celebrate festivals all the time - every region has its own music, culture, children and harbor festivals, which are strung together over the summer and are by no means only attended by locals.

In rural areas in particular, there is often the local "kro", where you can eat and drink in the evening - but with the restriction that the nightlife in Denmark as well as going out for dinner is much earlier than what you are used to in Germany is limited. If you don't want to drink your beer until 10 p.m., you'd better buy it in the supermarket beforehand ...

Accommodation
The value added tax on overnight stays is a record 25%, which inevitably drives up prices. A tourism tax may also be charged.

Hotels and B&B
Simple hotels are rather rare, but the offer is normal in the higher-priced segment. In rural areas it is often the local Kro who also runs a small hotel. In addition, the number of B&B offers in Denmark is increasing. Those who are still spontaneously looking for a room in the afternoon or evening should pay attention to the "rom single" notices on the roadside.

 

 

camping
The Danish campsites are usually characterized by a very high standard, especially the offers for families are often very well developed: Large playgrounds, the "hoppepude" (jumping pillows) that are almost standard, and separate family washrooms. But the needs of contemporaries looking for peace and quiet are also taken into account, many campsites have different areas for different target groups. A characteristic feature of Danish campsites (mostly!) Is that it suddenly becomes quiet on the site after sunset, noisy hustle and bustle until well after midnight is completely atypical and is rigorously prevented on most sites. Overall, the supply buildings are often generous, self-catering kitchens - but at least good washing-up facilities - of course, washing machine and dryer as well, and there is usually a small shop selling at least dairy products and bread.

Overall, the capacities on the Danish campsites are mostly above average, but during the Danish summer vacation time the supply in particularly popular regions can become scarce. As the owner of a caravan and looking for a place to stand for several days or weeks, it can make sense to book it in advance at your favorite campsite.

Special regulations generally apply to all travelers who are traveling on their own (cyclists, hikers, canoeists) at commercial campsites; they get a space for one night at all campsites in Denmark, even if the space is officially booked out.

Overnatning i det fri
Another peculiarity in Denmark, in which the "Allemannsretten", the everyone's right, does not apply in the same form as in the other Scandinavian countries, are the campsites for non-motorized travelers, often located on hiking and biking trails in very lonely regions, but sometimes also present in the places. A distinction is made between the places Overnatning i det fri, simple camp or shelter places, which are mostly privately owned and for which you pay a small amount to the owner (usually around 30 DKK per person / night), and the public camp places, lejrplads, teltplads or primitive camping, which are managed by the "Naturstyrelsen" department of the Danish Ministry of the Environment and can be used free of charge. Some campsites offer no infrastructure at all, just a (mowed) place to pitch your own tent, on others there are one or more low shelters where you can sleep with your own mat and sleeping bag, some only have running water, others even have a shower Installed. You can research these places either in the printed directory "Overnatning i det fri" (link above) or on various websites, e.g. udinaturen.dk.

Some rules apply to all shelter or storage spaces:

Max. two overnight stays
only for hikers or cyclists, canoeists, sailors on the banks), some places also allow riders
Individual travelers or small groups, large groups are not allowed
Fire only when there is no risk of forest fire, only in prepared areas
Rubbish usually has to be taken back with you

Hostels
Accommodation in a hostel / youth hostel is a completely normal thing in Denmark, even for adults, especially in large cities or the regions that are particularly popular with tourists, if you are not flexible in terms of time and want more comfort than a dormitory bed, you should also book here during the holiday season. A hallmark of Danish - like most Scandinavian hostels, especially those affiliated with hihostels.com (the international youth hostel association) - is a good infrastructure for self-catering: self-catering kitchens, washing machines, etc. are usually a matter of course.

Vacation homes

The most common type of accommodation for vacationers, however, are the numerous holiday homes. These houses are mostly privately owned and rented out through various agencies. The price depends on the location, facilities and season. Most of the houses are comfortably furnished, and many also have extras such as a whirlpool, sauna, swimming pool (indoor) or winter garden. Almost all of the rental agencies have an internet presence, some are nationwide, others only rent houses in a certain area. The latter are often not commercially active but part of the local tourist office. The rental period is usually one or more weeks, with the traditional arrival and departure day being Saturday. Few agencies offer more flexible appointments. In addition to the rental prices stated in the catalog or on the homepage, electricity consumption and often water consumption must always be paid. Houses with a pool or sauna have a very high power consumption. This applies in particular to pool houses, as the heating takes place by warming the room air and usually cannot be changed by the tenant. In addition to normal consumption, additional costs of 100 to 150 euros per week are to be expected for a pool house. The final cleaning can be carried out by the tenant, but is also organized by the agency for an appropriate fee. When bringing pets, booking the final cleaning is usually mandatory.


security
The emergency call center is contacted via emergency number 112 (Danish: Alarm 112) for accidents, serious crimes or fire. Situations that pose a threat to life, health, property or the environment. Emergency number 114 (Danish: Service 114) is for inquiries to the police (Politi) that are not urgent.

Entry with a pet
Denmark is one of the most dog-friendly countries in Europe. Nevertheless, there are some important rules to be observed. The following applies to the importation of dogs, cats and ferrets: Identifiability is important. The following requirements must be met:

Chip or tattoo
EU pet passport
Valid rabies vaccination
When introducing a dog, cat or ferret from an EU country to Denmark, it is very important that the animal can be identified, either by means of a chip or a clearly legible tattoo (e.g. an ear tattoo). The microchip is compulsory for animals that are marked for the first time from July 3rd 2011 If the pet is not accompanied by the owner or by someone who is responsible for the pet on behalf of the owner, the import will be considered a commercial import.

EU pet passport and rabies vaccination In addition, the animal must have an EU pet passport issued by a veterinarian in which the veterinarian confirms that a vaccination or re-vaccination against rabies has been carried out. It is important that the last vaccination or re-vaccination is not older than the tattoo or the insertion of the chip. A new vaccination must have been carried out at least 3 weeks before entry. The duration of vaccination protection is based on the instructions of the vaccine manufacturer.

Dogs must be kept on a leash throughout Denmark. Exceptions are specially marked open-air areas ("Hundeskov") and the beach in winter. Any fines are - as always in Denmark - considerable.

The law prohibits the keeping, breeding and importation of the following 13 dog breeds in Denmark if the animals were purchased after March 17th, 2010. Offenses are punished with a fine or a prison sentence for the dog owner as well as with the dog being put to sleep. There are also hybrids of the above 13 dog breeds affected.

1) Pitbull Terrier 2) Tosa Inu 3) American Staffordshire Terrier 4) Fila Brasileiro 5) Dogo Argentino 6) American Bulldog 7) Boerboel 8) Kangal 9) Central Asian Shepherd 10) Caucasian Shepherd 11) South Russian Shepherd 12) Tornjak 13) Sarplaninac

 

Post and Telecommunications
If you traditionally send postcards from your vacation, you should think twice about it in Denmark, or reduce it significantly. The postcards cost the same as in other countries (between 40 and 80 ct), but the postage! A postage stamp for a postcard from Denmark to Germany costs 27 crowns in 2018, i.e. around € 3.60. If you still want to take the risk: There are stamps almost everywhere where you can buy postcards.