Vejen is a medium-sized station town in South Jutland with 9,853 inhabitants (2020) located between Esbjerg and Kolding in Vejen Parish. Vejen is the capital of Vejen Municipality and belongs to the Region of Southern Denmark. The railway came to Vejen in 1874. Within a few years, the station town grew up along the country road between the station and the old village. The village was located around the church and inn by the old Kolding-Varde country road, the current secondary route 191. Today the city is centrally located both in relation to the E20 Esbjerg motorway and secondary route 191, which until the construction of the motorway before the year 2000 was called A1. The road is located by the Kongeå, border from 1864 to 1920 between Denmark and Prussia, when Southern Jutland was part of Germany until after the First World War. The road was a border town on the Danish side.
In 1879 the town is described as follows: The road
with Church, Præstegaard, School, Railway station, Inn, Letter
collection place, Watermill.
At the turn of the century, the town was described as follows: Byen Vejen (1280: Wægnæ, c. 1340: Weghn), by Vardevejen, large market town-like village (1/2 1901: 161 houses and 1108 inhabitants), with church, vicarage, 3 schools ( The road old and new as well as Bakkely Sk.), Realskole (built in 1900), Mission house (built in 1895), Exercise house (built in 1882), Afholds- og Højskolehjem (built in 1900), Lægebolig, Dyrlægebolig, Sparekasse (built in 1867 ; 31/3 1901 was Savings. Credit DKK 565,791, Interest tax 4 pCt., Reserve tax DKK 23,966, Number of Accounts 1801), Bank (created 1903, Share capital: DKK 100,000), several industrial plants, as Elektricitetsværk (built 1903), Andelsmejeri, Bryggeri, Chikoriefabrik ("Nørrejyll."), Tagpapfabrik, Maskinfabrik, Jærnstøberi, Damp-Uldspinderi, Dampbageri, Farveri, Lervarefabr., Margarinefabr. ("Alfa"), Mineralvandsfabr., M. M., Vejr- og Vandmølle, Haandværksdrift, Bogtrykkeri, Købmandshdlr., Hotel, Kro, Markedsplads (Marked i April, Juni og Sept.), Jærnbane-, Telegraf- og Telefonst. and Post Office."
Over the past few years, Vejen has experienced a great development in business and cultural life. The city has gained a number of new inhabitants, who are probably newcomers from nearby cities, who will take advantage of the increasing opportunity for shopping and leisure interests in the city.
Furthermore, new businesses are increasingly being built around the E20 motorway, which runs just past the northern end of the road. As a result, the city sign at the northern end of the city has been moved several times.
Many houses in the city center are restored houses from the 19th century or newly built shop areas. On the outskirts of the city are many apartment blocks and townhouses from the 1980s.