Copenhagen (København)

Copenhagen

 

 

Location: Copenhagen, Zealand  Map

 

Description of Copenhagen

Copenhagen is the capital and the most populous city of Denmark, with an urban population of 1 230 728 and a metropolitan population 1 967 727, as of October 1, 2013. It is located on the east coast of Zealand, 28 km from Malmoe (Sweden), and 164 kilometers (102 mi) from Odense. The city spans parts of the island of Amager and also contains the enclave of the municipality of Frederiksberg. It was awarded with the title European Green Capital 2014.

Originally a Viking fishing village founded in the 10th century, Copenhagen became the capital of Denmark at the beginning of the 15th century. During the seventeenth century, under the reign of Christian IV, it became an important regional center, consolidating its position as the capital of Denmark and Norway with its institutions, defenses, and armed forces. After suffering the effects of plagues and fires in the eighteenth century, the city underwent a stage of remodeling that included reforms of the prestigious Frederiksstaden district and cultural institutions such as the Royal Theater and the Royal Academy of Fine Arts. After various disasters in the 19th century, when Horatio Nelson attacked the Danish fleet and bombed the city, reconstructions during the Danish Golden Age brought a new neoclassical style to the Kobmendense architecture. Later, after the Second World War, the Finger Project fostered the creation of homes and businesses along the five urban rail routes that extend outward from the city center.

The history of Copenhagen dates back to around the year 800, when it arises around a small fishing village. From the year 1300 it became the capital of Denmark to the detriment of Roskilde, a status that the city has maintained since then. Currently, Copenhagen is home to around 20% of Denmark's population. After an economic crisis, the city has experienced significant economic and cultural progress in the last ten years, and is now stronger both nationally and internationally.

The city is home to a number of large companies and cultural institutions, AP Moller-Maersk, Carlsberg, Park, the National Museum, the Opera and the King's theater.

 

Travel Destinations in Copenhagen

Districts in the center
Indre By (downtown)
Vesterbro, (Westbrücke) multicultural, very hip district, former red light district
Nørrebro (North Bridge) multicultural district beyond "the lakes"
Østerbro (east bridge) very affluent area, lies northeast
Christianshavn, a district on the island of Amager, is located southeast of the center
Holmen, a former, newly built military site on Amager
Freistadt Christiania, is not a district, but a clearly delimited area (former barracks) in Christianshavn
Frederiksberg, an independent municipality in the center of Copenhagen

Christiansborg Palace

 

Nyhavn (Copenhagen)

Nyhavn or New Harbor in Danish is a colorful waterfront along canal lined by townhouses that date back to the 17th and 18th centuries. Numerous restaurants, bars and small cafes bring many tourists here. The canal was dug on the orders of King Christian V in 1670- 73. The workforce for this grandiose project was picked mostly from the Swedish prisoners of war. For much of its history Nyhavn had a bad reputation. Prostitutes, sailors and criminals of all kinds usually settled here. Over time this changed however and today it is one of the most popular areas in the city. Now Nyhavn or New Harbor is filled with a variety of cafes and shops. Waters of the harbor are dominated by the ships that were constructed in the 18th and 19th centuries. They complement the image of the harbor and create an atmosphere of authenticity. A large anchor at the mouth of the harbor was installed in memory of sailors that lost their lives during hostilities upon seas during years of World War II.

 

National Museum (Copenhagen)

Ny Vestergade 10

Tel. 33 13 44 11

Open: 10am- 5pm Tue- Sun

Closed: Dec 24, 25, 31

Busses: 1A, 2A, 6A, 12, 15, 26, 29, 33

www.natmus.dk

 

The National Museum of Denmark (Nationalmuseet) is the largest museum of cultural history in the country covering several thousands of years of Danish and World history. Some of the most notable artefacts include well preserved peat body of a Huldremose Woman, Sun chariot that is over 3000 years old and many other findings that were made in the Denmark.

 

Amalienborg Palace (Copenhagen)

 

Strøget (Copenhagen)

 

Tivoli Gardens (Copenhagen)

Vesterbrogade 3

Tel. 33 15 10 01

Open: Mid- Apr & mid Nov- late dec daily

Busses: 1A, 2A, 10, 15, 30, 33, 40, 47, 66, 68, 2505

Entrance Fee: 85 DKK

Tivoli Gardens is a popular garden and an amusement park that was opened on August 15th, 1843 in the center of the Danish capital. It is a forth most popular park in Europe. Tivoli Garden of Copenhagen is one of the most exciting and spectacular parks in Europe. The park has a lot of variety of rides and carousels, from classic and familiar to the unexpected and surprising. Every week Tivoli Garden is visited by more than three million visitors, foreigners and residents of Copenhagen alike. In the evening the whole park is illuminated with bright lights and colorful lights. Midnight is usually marked by fireworks. Entrance to the park costs 84 DKK although some of the attractions to be paid separately.

 

Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek (Copenhagen)

 

The Little Mermaid (Copenhagen)

 

Rosenborg Palace (Copenhagen)

Rosenborg Palace (Copenhagen)

Ostervoldgade 4A

Tel. 33 15 32 86

Open: May- Oct: daily     Nov- Apr: Tue- Sun

Closed: Jan 1, Dec 25

Busses: 6A, 26, 3505

www.rosenborgcastle.dk

 

Rosenborg Palace or Rosenborg Slot is a beautiful Dutch Renaissance royal residence. It was constructed in 1606- 24 by orders of King Christian IV on a site of a small two story mansion. Over the next twenty years royal residence was increased in size. Rosenborg Palace is surrounded by beautiful garden complex that draws millions of visitors every year.

Current main entrance to Rosenborg Palace was completed in 1634 to honor the wedding of Prince Frederick III with Princess Magdalena Sibylla. Rosenborg Palace is also unique in a sense that it also serves as a Rosenborg Royal Museum that was opened here in 1838. Its exhibits tell the story of the 300 year history of the royal Oldenburg dynasty.

 

Thorvaldsen's Museum (Copenhagen)

Bertel Thorvaldsens Plads 2

Tel. +45 33 32 15 32

Open: Tue- Sun 10am- 5pm

Closed: Mondays, Dec 24, 25, 31, Jan 1

Busses: 1A, 2A, 15, 16

Subway: Kongens Nytorv, Nørreport

Admission Fee: Adults DKK 40

Annual Pass DKK 120

Children under 18 Free

Thorvaldsen's Museum is a museum that houses largest collection of Bertel Thorvaldsen (1770-1844). It was opened on September 18th, 1848. He is one of the most famous artists of the Danish romanticism who became famous during lifetime. He spent several years in Rome where he drew his inspiration from ancient Roman art.

 

 

Rådhus (Copenhagen)

 

Town Hall Square

Radhus (Tower Hall) Square is situated in the center of Copenhagen in front of the Tower Hall. It is the most popular venue for various popular events, celebrations and demonstrations. It is hard to miss it since most of notable buildings of historical Copenhagen are located in a close vicinity of Town Hall Square.

Among most notable features of Town Hall Square is a house with a thermometer mounted in a special turret on the top floor. In sunny weather, it shows a girl on a bicycle, and in cloudy and rainy day it shows a girl with an umbrella. Town Hall (Radhus) Square also serves as a zero kilemeter, which begins measurements of all distances in Denmark. Town Hall Square is also famous for its statue to Hans Andersen and unusual fountain of a bull rending the dragon.

 

The Royal Danish Theatre

August Bournonvilles Passage 8

The Royal Danish Theatre is the largest and most impressive theater in Copenhagen and all of Denmark. It was founded in the eighteenth century on a site of an older theater that was constructed in 1720. Original theater was closed shortly after its opening. New Royal Danish Theater was returned on November 11, 1747 by a decree of king Frederick V. Over a course of centuries theater was renovated several times. While it kept its external appearance and architecture, The Royal Danish Theatre enjoys new technologies that make it comfortable and modern.

 

Copenhagen Jazz Festival. The Copenhagen Jazz Festival takes place every summer for ten days in July. In 2010 it will be present from July 2nd to 11th in various places and courtyards with a total of over a thousand concerts. For some concerts you pay an entrance fee, the tickets cost around DKK 200. However, various appearances by lesser-known artists are free and public - for example in cafes, courtyards and in squares. These also allow you to get to know the city and its people better. Here you can go on after a while and watch the next concert.

Dyrehavsbakken. Or more succinctly Bakken is the second and older amusement park in Copenhagen. It is located north of Copenhagen in Klampenborg.

Frueplads. Traditionally, on the 3rd weekend in August, the Frueplads in Copenhagen belongs to the artisans and designers and their fans. This small, 3-day fair with around 120 juried exhibitors is organized by the Association of Danish Craftsmen, under white parasols and mostly blue skies. You can really find the best that Denmark has to show in this field. Even highly decorated design award winners and museum-worthy applied artists are by no means a shame to take part in this perfectly organized market. On the contrary, I know from many that they love the relaxed atmosphere there and like to take advantage of the opportunity for detailed discussions with customers and collectors. The jurors always manage to put together a diverse and stimulating mixture of young design and tradition. The open Danish way, which only seems to know the friendly approach to one another, is obviously foreign to conceit and pigeonhole thinking. Ceramics and porcelain, glass, textiles, jewelery and accessories are offered, but primarily "market goods", i.e. more or less practical or affordable. The delicate collector's items or the most precious jewels can only be seen in exhibitions, galleries and of course in the studios themselves.

 

History of Copenhagen

History up to the 12th century
A number of finds from prehistoric times have been made in the Copenhagen area. At the building of Amager Strandpark, for example, remnants of a coastal settlement from the Neolithic. Burial mounds in the suburbs indicate human activity in prehistoric times, and many of the city names near Copenhagen also testify to the founding of cities in the Greater Copenhagen area in the Viking Age.

Until recently, the oldest trace of urban settlement in the Copenhagen area was within the ramparts from around the year 1000, where traces have been found from a small fishing village where Copenhagen is today. The fishing village was located just north of Copenhagen City Hall around Mikkel Bryggers Gade, which at the time was next to the sea. But in connection with the excavation of the Metro, traces of boat bridges have been found at Gammel Strand, which date back to around the year 700. During the excavation of the metro station at Kongens Nytorv, traces of a farm from the Viking Age have also been found.

The first time the forerunner to Copenhagen under the name "Harbor" is mentioned in the sources is in connection with a naval battle between Svend Estridsen and the Norwegian king Magnus the Good in 1043. Then there is silence about the city's fate for the next 120 years.

The Middle Ages
It is probable that during the 12th century the city was able to profit from the central location between the large cathedral cities of Lund and Roskilde and thus was an important point for traffic and trade between the two cities. The natural harbor and the small island of Slotsholmen, which was easy to defend, have probably also given the city great advantages. In the second half of the 12th century, the silence about the town is broken, as Saxo mentions that the small town "Hafn", together with a number of other towns, is handed over to Bishop Absalon around 1160. The exact year is not known, as the deed of gift that Absalon got with, has disappeared. From about 1167-1171, Absalom built a castle and a city wall on the site.

Under Absalon's leadership, the city began to grow. Especially in the 13th century, the city expanded so that it eventually came to cover a larger part of the area between Kongens Nytorv and Rådhuspladsen. Gråbrødre Kloster and the churches Vor Frue, Skt. Peder (now St. Petri) and St. Nikolai were all built in the first half of the 13th century. The 13th century was a turbulent time in Danish history, which was expressed in the fierce struggle of changing bishops and kings for the right to the city. In 1251, however, Bishop Jacob Erlandsen was able to force the pressured King Abel to hand over the city to him, and in 1254 this bishop gave the city its first city court. Five years later, in 1259, the city was attacked and plundered by the Russian prince Jaromar.

Gradually, the city began to grow into the kingdom's largest and most significant, even though it had not yet become the capital. Although the city was the largest, there were still less than 5,000 inhabitants and only a few hundred fewer in cities such as Ribe and Århus. The location in the middle of the kingdom with a natural harbor by an important sea trade route was ideal. In 1419, a Danish king, Erik of Pomerania, finally succeeded in permanently taking power over the city from the church, and in 1443, Christoffer III made the city a royal residence. In 1479 the university was founded. Copenhagen was now the country's most important city.

During the Reformation and the Count's Feud, the citizens of the city sided with the losing Christian II, but were spared major reprisals, as the new King Christian III would keep good friends with the citizens.

Renaissance, autocracy and the Enlightenment
Christian IV was of great importance to Copenhagen. Under him, the city's old walls along Gothersgade were laid down and expanded, so that they ran along the current railway line between Nørreport and Østerport, bypassing the newly built Nyboder by Christian IV. Copenhagen's ramparts were also expanded with defense installations of the newly constructed area of ​​Christianshavn. From 1658–1660 during the First Karl Gustav War, Copenhagen was the last area in the kingdom under Danish control, but during the siege of the Swedish troops led by Karl X Gustav. In February 1659, the Swedes tried to take the city by storm, but a joint effort by soldiers and the citizens of the city held them back. After the failed storm, however, the Swedes kept the city under siege until 27 May 1660.

 

With the introduction of autocracy in 1660 under Frederik III, Copenhagen became an even more important city in Denmark, because it was from here that the increasingly centralist Danish state was ruled. In 1660, Copenhagen got a new form of management called "The city's 32 men".

In 1711-1712, one of the worst plague epidemics in Copenhagen's history ravaged. The plague cost about 22,000 of the city's about 60,000 inhabitants their lives. Some years later, things went awry once again, when just over a quarter of the city's buildings went up in smoke during a town fire in 1728.

Inspired by European ideas, Frederiksstaden was founded in 1748 north of Kongens Nytorv with Amalienborg as the most beautiful part. In the latter half of the 18th century, during the Florissante period, Copenhagen experienced an enormous period of prosperity as a result of the profitable trade with the warring powers, England and France. However, the upswing period ended for a time when first Christiansborg burned in 1794 and then a city fire in 1795 ravaged the inner city, and then the British fleet came to claim Denmark its fleet (see Battle of the Nest 1801), which also damaged parts of the city . The damage, however, was far from the extent of the damage inflicted by the landed British army during the English bombing of the city in 1807, when large areas of the city burned down, with the British military using rockets. The medieval Church of Our Lady also went up in flames. Most of Copenhagen's inner city is characterized by the reconstructions after the fires and the bombing.

From 1807 to World War I.
This section describes the period from the English bombing of the city until the beginning of the First World War in 1914. due to the state bankruptcy in 1813, it was not possible to rebuild the public buildings that had been destroyed by the bombing, such as Our Lady's Church and the university, until well into the 19th century. When the economy finally got going, this spawned a huge development. Culturally, Copenhagen came to form the framework for one of Danish history's most rewarding cultural eras, the Golden Age, which was characterized by i.a. C.F. Hansen, Bertel Thorvaldsen and Søren Kierkegaard. This was followed by industrialization in the second half of the 19th century. After a major cholera epidemic in 1853, it was finally decided to close the old ramparts.

It was now allowed to build permanent, foundation-walled new construction outside the ramparts. This release, combined with very liberal building legislation, led to a construction boom in the bridge districts and a significant increase in population. Around 1800, about 100,000 people lived in the capital, and at the beginning of the 20th century, almost 500,000 lived.

The new districts became very different: Frederiksberg and Østerbro became the neighborhoods of the bourgeoisie; Nørrebro and Vesterbro, on the other hand, became the workers' districts.

As a replacement for the old fortress, the Estrup government from 1886 approved the construction of the large fortification building, including Vestvolden. It was Denmark's largest workplace and was only later surpassed by the Great Belt Link. The construction of major projects such as the Freeport (1894), City Hall (1905) and Central Station (1911) also left its mark. Copenhagen had become an industrial city, home to companies on an international scale such as Burmeister & Wain, the East Asian Company and the Great Nordic Telegraph Company.

After a weak start (The Battle of Fælleden), the labor movement made its breakthrough in the capital of the 20th century, where the post of finance mayor in 1903 was taken over by the trade unionist Jens Jensen. In 1901, the municipality implemented an incorporation of a number of parishes, including Brønshøj and Valby, and in 1902 Sundbyernes Kommune was incorporated. The municipality's area was thus tripled, leaving Frederiksberg as an enclave in Copenhagen Municipality.

From World War I to today
This section describes the period from the start of World War I in 1914 to today. The policy of neutrality meant that Copenhagen was not particularly affected by the First World War. The so-called goulash barons made a lot of money on stock speculation and on exporting meat products to Germany. After the First World War, there was a shortage of most things, and high unemployment contributed to some unrest, especially from the Copenhagen working - class neighborhoods. In 1922, Landmandsbanken went bankrupt and dragged many into the fall.

 

From 1917, the Social Democrats had a majority in the municipality's board. This led to an increase in public welfare, municipal housing construction, etc. The construction of Fælledparken and other parks was another result of the municipality's new social and health policy program, which i.a. as a result of the housing crises of 1908 and 1916 focused on building homes that were not affected by building speculation. As construction took place on the lands outside the Lakes, Copenhagen approached surrounding cities such as Lyngby, Herlev and Rødovre. And eventually these became suburbs. Due to the lack of suitable land in the inner city, much of the urban development took place around these cities. This development was also helped by more public transport, i.a. the opening of the S-train lines from 1934.

During World War II, Copenhagen, like the rest of Denmark, was occupied by German troops. Several buildings were destroyed during the occupation either by sabotage or by attacks by Allied forces. Among them is the fact that the Shell House, which was the headquarters of the Gestapo, was bombed by British aircraft on March 21, 1945. During this attack, the French School in Frederiksberg was hit, and many children were killed. Many industrial buildings in Copenhagen were also blown up by the Danish resistance movement.

After the war, the increasing motoring became increasingly important for the city's development, and this caused the finger - plan's ideas of a Copenhagen built around public S-train traffic to be slightly diluted. Some suburbs grew up away from the S-train network. In the 1960s, the development in the City of Copenhagen seemed to have come to a near standstill, while in the suburban municipalities people were building on life. Gladsaxe Municipality under Erhard Jakobsen and Albertslund are examples of this development in Copenhagen's surrounding municipalities.

Inner Copenhagen, on the other hand, experienced a period of decline from the 1960s with the relocation of industry and inhabitants. This development began to reverse around 1990. Especially with the urban renewal plans of 1991, many run-down neighborhoods slowly but surely became coveted. With the construction of the metro and homes along the harbor, the inner city has become better connected. The construction of the Øresund Bridge in 2000 has connected Copenhagen with western Scania, and the city thus strengthened its status as the center of the Øresund region.

The housing market in the city was in the period approx. 2002–2007 marked by a housing bubble. This stopped, as in the rest of Denmark in 2007. The market has been characterized by rising prices since 2009 and in most places the prices in fixed prices today (2017) are higher than the top ten years earlier. At the beginning of the period, it also became possible to assess cooperative housing according to market price. This opened up the otherwise closed cooperative housing market, and cooperative housing is now most often traded in free trade instead of through closed lists and sometimes money under the table. During the bubble period, it was popular to settle in Malmö in Sweden and work in Copenhagen.

While Ungdomshuset on Jagtvej existed, the Nørrebro area in particular was regularly marked by violent demonstrations that emanated from here. This culminated in the demolition of the house in March 2007, and ebbed out in mid-2008, when a new house was made for the young people in the Northwest. Since then, there have been no large demonstrations based on the movement around the Youth House.

In 2008–2009, there were several clashes between various criminal groups, where young immigrants and rockers stood on opposite sides of what was called the Gang Conflict.

 

Getting there

As the capital of Denmark and thanks to its convenient location on the Øresund, Copenhagen is very well connected in terms of transport. The railway line to Germany (Hamburg), Amsterdam and Sweden (via Malmö to Gothenburg, Stockholm) runs directly through the city. The international airport is also about ten kilometers from the city.

By plane
Copenhagen Airport (IATA: CPH) is just a short train ride (12 minutes) from Central Station. There are also regular trains to Malmö and further via Helsingborg to Stockholm or Ystad, Bornholm. The metro also runs from the airport to the city center and the outskirts at short intervals. The airport itself is located on the island of Amager in Kastrup, a part of the municipality of Tårnby. Most European destinations and some overseas are accessible from Copenhagen by air. There are frequent connections to other major European cities. Lufthansa, SAS and easyJet offer regular scheduled flights from many German cities to Copenhagen.

By train
There are long-distance connections from Hamburg to Copenhagen Central Station with several trips a day. Until 2019, the trains went to Copenhagen via Lübeck and were loaded between Puttgarden and Rødby via ferry across Fehmarnsund; Due to the construction work on the Fehmarnbelt tunnel, this type of loading is history after 56 years.

Since then, the rail connection from Hamburg has been via the "fixed" rail connection via Odense and the Great Belt, on the one hand as a direct connection, on the other hand with a change in Kolding or Fredericia.

A previously existing night train connection from Amsterdam and Basel has been discontinued.

By bus
There are various long-distance bus routes that lead to Copenhagen, including:

From Berlin:
The E-55 line operated by Graahundbus. Departs daily at 10 a.m. from Berlin Central Station At around 1.30 p.m. the bus lets passengers out on the quay in Rostock, whose ticket is also valid for the ferry. At around 3:15 p.m. in Gedser, after leaving the ship, you will board the next bus with your luggage. Arrival at Copenhagen Central Station: around 5:30 p.m. (return daily 11 a.m., arrival: 6:15 p.m.). The seven and a half hour bus journey is a bit uncomfortable, but you can stretch your legs on the one and a half hour ferry ride. The bus route is named after the European route of the same name, which the route follows along the entire route.
Graahundbus, Yderholmen 18; 2750 Ballerup; Danmark. Tel .: +45 44 68 44 00, fax: +45 44 68 40 04. Price: € 45 / trip, one child under 16 free.
The Berlin line buses (blb) leave the central bus station next to the exhibition grounds three times a day. With a stop in Rostock, the journey takes just as long as with the E-55.

From Hamburg:
The long-distance bus giant Eurolines offers two daily connections in the direction of Copenhagen. The journey, which takes between five and a half and six hours, begins at the central bus station next to the main train station.
Eurolines. Tel .: +49 69 7903 501, email: service@eurolines.de. Price: 48, - € standard, offers from 33, - €.

In the street
There are two ways to get to Copenhagen by car: on the one hand the short bird flight route from Germany, on the other hand the longer bridge connection over Jutland.

Not to be forgotten is the convenient connection via the Rostock - Gedser ferry line, which is available at short intervals (travel time approx. 50 minutes) and is particularly recommended from Berlin.

Vogelfluglinie
The shortest route from Germany, despite all the bridges, is the Vogelfluglinie via Puttgarden on the German island of Fehmarn and Rødby on the Danish island of Lolland. The car ferry runs around the clock at least once an hour. Waiting times are to be expected during the main holiday season. The operator of the connection is Scandlines. Ferry prices start at around € 30 for a single crossing by car including passengers (as of 10/2019). It is advisable to buy the ferry ticket on the Internet before traveling. From Rödby it is about 160 km on the Danish motorways to the center of the Danish capital.

 

Bridge connection
If you want to save yourself ferry connections, the approx. 140 km longer connection via Flensburg, Fredericia, Odense, to Zealand and on to Copenhagen. Here you save any waiting times, but also have costs in the form of bridge tolls and a further journey. The bridge toll for a car is 245 DKK per direction (as of 10/2019). Further information about the bridge toll is available from the operating company of the Storebaelt connection. The toll can be paid with cash in various currencies, with a Maestro card or with all major credit cards.

By boat
From Oslo there is a daily night ferry connection with DFDS Seaways. Departure Oslo 4.45 p.m., arrival Copenhagen at the DFDS Ferry Terminal the next morning at 9.45 a.m. The return ferry leaves Copenhagen at 4.45 p.m., arriving in Oslo the next morning at 9.45 a.m.
Cruise ships dock at both the Langeliniekaj, which is close to the city, and the new Oceankaj, a little further away. From both terminals you can get to the city quickly and cheaply with bus routes 26 and 27.
Cargo ships regularly call at the Levantkai container terminal. This makes Copenhagen a popular destination as a passenger on a freighter voyage. The way from the berth of the ship to the city is easy on foot or by bus (lines 26 and 27).

By bicycle
The long-distance cycle route Berlin - Copenhagen connects the two capitals directly. In between, only the Rostock - Gedser ferry passage has to be used.
The international Baltic Sea Cycle Route runs through Copenhagen.

 

Around the city

Public transport
The backbone of public transport in Copenhagen is the S-Tog (S-Bahn). For a few years now, Copenhagen has had a very modern, fully automated metro that is well worth seeing and is constantly being expanded. Destinations off the railroad are easily accessible by bus.

All public transport is, like in the rest of the country, divided into zones. The smallest unit is the two-zone ticket for DKK 23.-, which can be purchased at ticket offices, machines and on the bus. It allows unlimited journeys in the greater Copenhagen area within an hour. For several journeys it is worth purchasing a strip card / Klippekort (135 DKK) with ten strips, which you validate on the platform or in front of the bus driver before each journey. This saves DKK 9.50 per trip compared to a single ticket.

Children under the age of 12 travel for free when accompanied by an adult.

Day tickets for the Copenhagen area:

Day tickets for 24, 48, 72 and 120 hours are available as "CityPass" at the local transport machines. These cards can be used in zones 1 to 4 and are valid for any number of trips on the bus, S-Bahn and U-Bahn as well as the waterbus line on the inner harbor after purchase.

Prices for adults as of October 2018: 24 hours: 80 DKK (€ 11), 48 hours: 150 DKK (€ 20), 72 hours: 200 DKK (€ 27), 120 hours: 300 DKK (€ 40). For children's prices, see ticket information on www.dinoffentligetransport.dk/citypass (in English).

The water bus route on the inner harbor is part of the local public transport system. For example with the 24-hour ticket for local public transport, you can experience Copenhagen cheaply from the water or incorporate part of the shipping route into your individual city tour.

On the bike
Those who move mainly in the city center and the neighboring quarters are very good on foot and by bike. There are bicycle lanes everywhere on the street, bicycles always have right of way at intersections (on the blue corridors) and you are traveling very quickly. Cycling is generally very safe, because almost everywhere there are bicycle lanes separated (by curbs), cars have no right of way and also adhere to them extremely well.

For inexperienced people in Copenhagen's city traffic, it is advisable to start out mostly on the right-hand side of the cycle lane, otherwise you often hear the bell as a request to make room. A good overview is important. Changes of direction and lane must always be shown with a hand signal. A flat hand held up next to the head with the palm facing forward means that the cyclist will brake and stop without leaving the lane. It's best to look back and then overtake or slow down carefully.

There is a station-based, state-of-the-art bicycle rental system with pedelecs in the city center and the neighboring districts. Borrowing costs DKK 30.- per hour (around € 4 per hour). The wheels have a screen on the handlebars with information on public transport and sights.

Donkey Republic Bike Rental Copenhagen. Bike rental Copenhagen. Many places. Price: 90 DKK per day.
Baisikeli, Turesensgade 10, DK-1368 København. Tel .: +4531 68 80 96. Open: November - March: Mon-Sat 10 am-4pm; April - October: Mon-Sun 10-18. Price: bicycle from DKK 80 per day and DKK 270 per week.
Rentyourbikehere.dk. Tel .: +45 33936200, email: info@rentyourbikehere.dk.

On foot
The city center including the Christianshavn district can be explored on foot. The distances are manageable. In the city center there is a nice, fairly branched pedestrian zone that covers the main pedestrian axes in the center. At the inner harbor there are beautiful promenades away from the traffic noise.

In the Sights section you will find a walking tour of the city that includes the most important sights. Away from the pedestrian zone, however, the sidewalks on the main traffic routes are sometimes quite narrow or full of bikes / displays etc. (sometimes only 1 m remaining width). The bike paths often have more space here.