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Copenhagen (København)

Copenhagen

 

 

Location: Copenhagen, Zealand  Map

 

 

 

Description of Copenhagen

Copenhagen is the capital and the most populous city of Denmark, with an urban population of 1 230 728 and a metropolitan population 1 967 727, as of October 1, 2013. It is located on the east coast of Zealand, 28 km from Malmoe (Sweden), and 164 kilometers (102 mi) from Odense. The city spans parts of the island of Amager and also contains the enclave of the municipality of Frederiksberg. It was awarded with the title European Green Capital 2014.

Originally a Viking fishing village founded in the 10th century, Copenhagen became the capital of Denmark at the beginning of the 15th century. During the seventeenth century, under the reign of Christian IV, it became an important regional center, consolidating its position as the capital of Denmark and Norway with its institutions, defenses, and armed forces. After suffering the effects of plagues and fires in the eighteenth century, the city underwent a stage of remodeling that included reforms of the prestigious Frederiksstaden district and cultural institutions such as the Royal Theater and the Royal Academy of Fine Arts. After various disasters in the 19th century, when Horatio Nelson attacked the Danish fleet and bombed the city, reconstructions during the Danish Golden Age brought a new neoclassical style to the Kobmendense architecture. Later, after the Second World War, the Finger Project fostered the creation of homes and businesses along the five urban rail routes that extend outward from the city center.

The history of Copenhagen dates back to around the year 800, when it arises around a small fishing village. From the year 1300 it became the capital of Denmark to the detriment of Roskilde, a status that the city has maintained since then. Currently, Copenhagen is home to around 20% of Denmark's population. After an economic crisis, the city has experienced significant economic and cultural progress in the last ten years, and is now stronger both nationally and internationally.

The city is home to a number of large companies and cultural institutions, AP Moller-Maersk, Carlsberg, Park, the National Museum, the Opera and the King's theater.

 

Travel Destinations in Copenhagen

Christiansborg Palace

 

 

 

Nyhavn (Copenhagen)

Nyhavn or New Harbor in Danish is a colorful waterfront along canal lined by townhouses that date back to the 17th and 18th centuries. Numerous restaurants, bars and small cafes bring many tourists here. The canal was dug on the orders of King Christian V in 1670- 73. The workforce for this grandiose project was picked mostly from the Swedish prisoners of war. For much of its history Nyhavn had a bad reputation. Prostitutes, sailors and criminals of all kinds usually settled here. Over time this changed however and today it is one of the most popular areas in the city. Now Nyhavn or New Harbor is filled with a variety of cafes and shops. Waters of the harbor are dominated by the ships that were constructed in the 18th and 19th centuries. They complement the image of the harbor and create an atmosphere of authenticity. A large anchor at the mouth of the harbor was installed in memory of sailors that lost their lives during hostilities upon seas during years of World War II.

 

National Museum (Copenhagen)

Ny Vestergade 10

Tel. 33 13 44 11

Open: 10am- 5pm Tue- Sun

Closed: Dec 24, 25, 31

Busses: 1A, 2A, 6A, 12, 15, 26, 29, 33

www.natmus.dk

 

The National Museum of Denmark (Nationalmuseet) is the largest museum of cultural history in the country covering several thousands of years of Danish and World history. Some of the most notable artefacts include well preserved peat body of a Huldremose Woman, Sun chariot that is over 3000 years old and many other findings that were made in the Denmark.

 

Amalienborg Palace (Copenhagen)

Strøget (Copenhagen)

Tivoli Gardens (Copenhagen)

Vesterbrogade 3

Tel. 33 15 10 01

Open: Mid- Apr & mid Nov- late dec daily

Busses: 1A, 2A, 10, 15, 30, 33, 40, 47, 66, 68, 2505

Entrance Fee: 85 DKK

Tivoli Gardens is a popular garden and an amusement park that was opened on August 15th, 1843 in the center of the Danish capital. It is a forth most popular park in Europe. Tivoli Garden of Copenhagen is one of the most exciting and spectacular parks in Europe. The park has a lot of variety of rides and carousels, from classic and familiar to the unexpected and surprising. Every week Tivoli Garden is visited by more than three million visitors, foreigners and residents of Copenhagen alike. In the evening the whole park is illuminated with bright lights and colorful lights. Midnight is usually marked by fireworks. Entrance to the park costs 84 DKK although some of the attractions to be paid separately.

 

Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek (Copenhagen)

The Little Mermaid (Copenhagen)

 

Rosenborg Palace (Copenhagen)

Rosenborg Palace (Copenhagen)

Ostervoldgade 4A

Tel. 33 15 32 86

Open: May- Oct: daily     Nov- Apr: Tue- Sun

Closed: Jan 1, Dec 25

Busses: 6A, 26, 3505

www.rosenborgcastle.dk

 

Rosenborg Palace or Rosenborg Slot is a beautiful Dutch Renaissance royal residence. It was constructed in 1606- 24 by orders of King Christian IV on a site of a small two story mansion. Over the next twenty years royal residence was increased in size. Rosenborg Palace is surrounded by beautiful garden complex that draws millions of visitors every year.

Current main entrance to Rosenborg Palace was completed in 1634 to honor the wedding of Prince Frederick III with Princess Magdalena Sibylla. Rosenborg Palace is also unique in a sense that it also serves as a Rosenborg Royal Museum that was opened here in 1838. Its exhibits tell the story of the 300 year history of the royal Oldenburg dynasty.

 

Thorvaldsen's Museum (Copenhagen)

Bertel Thorvaldsens Plads 2

Tel. +45 33 32 15 32

Open: Tue- Sun 10am- 5pm

Closed: Mondays, Dec 24, 25, 31, Jan 1

Busses: 1A, 2A, 15, 16

Subway: Kongens Nytorv, Nørreport

Admission Fee: Adults DKK 40

Annual Pass DKK 120

Children under 18 Free

Thorvaldsen's Museum is a museum that houses largest collection of Bertel Thorvaldsen (1770-1844). It was opened on September 18th, 1848. He is one of the most famous artists of the Danish romanticism who became famous during lifetime. He spent several years in Rome where he drew his inspiration from ancient Roman art.

 

 

Rådhus (Copenhagen)

 

Town Hall Square

Radhus (Tower Hall) Square is situated in the center of Copenhagen in front of the Tower Hall. It is the most popular venue for various popular events, celebrations and demonstrations. It is hard to miss it since most of notable buildings of historical Copenhagen are located in a close vicinity of Town Hall Square.

Among most notable features of Town Hall Square is a house with a thermometer mounted in a special turret on the top floor. In sunny weather, it shows a girl on a bicycle, and in cloudy and rainy day it shows a girl with an umbrella. Town Hall (Radhus) Square also serves as a zero kilemeter, which begins measurements of all distances in Denmark. Town Hall Square is also famous for its statue to Hans Andersen and unusual fountain of a bull rending the dragon.

 

The Royal Danish Theatre

August Bournonvilles Passage 8

The Royal Danish Theatre is the largest and most impressive theater in Copenhagen and all of Denmark. It was founded in the eighteenth century on a site of an older theater that was constructed in 1720. Original theater was closed shortly after its opening. New Royal Danish Theater was returned on November 11, 1747 by a decree of king Frederick V. Over a course of centuries theater was renovated several times. While it kept its external appearance and architecture, The Royal Danish Theatre enjoys new technologies that make it comfortable and modern.

 

 

 

 

History of Copenhagen

Copenhagen was first mentioned in the 11th century. In 1167 Bishop Absalon constructed a castle on a small island of Slotsholmen. Today this location is held by Christiansborg. Overtime the settlement grew in size and became and important crossroad of trade routes. It was originally known as Køpmannæhafn that is translated as "merchant's harbor". Its size and wealth turned the city into an target for attacks of fleets of Hanseatic League. In 1658- 59 it withstood a siege by Swedish troops under leadership of Charles X. Unfortunately greatest threat came in a face of plague that afflicted great mortality in 1711. Copenhagen was reduced by one third of its original population killing roughly 20,000 of its residents.

 

During Napoleonic Wars Copenhagen became the hostage of hostilities between British fleet and Dano- Norwegian coalition. The city particularly suffered heavy damage between 16 August to 5 September 1807 during the Second Battle of Copenhagen when British warships intently targeted residential area of the city. The city suffered heavy damage, but over 19th century the city grew in size and power. During World War II many of the European Jews escaped from Nazi forces via Copenhagen to countries free of their presence.

 

 

 

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