Skive is a town in Central Jutland at the peninsula Salling near
the outlet of Karup Ås in the Limfjord. There are 20,573 inhabitants
(2020) in the city. The name "Skive" comes from the Old Norse skifa
which in this context is to be understood as "fencing of palisades"
in the sense of "defense". Skive is located on the railway line
between Viborg and Struer, is the capital of Skive Municipality and
is considered "Salling's capital". The city houses Denmark's largest
barracks and is also known for the manor Krabbesholm, which is
located close to the industrial port at the city's eastern end. Most
houses in the city center were built from 1880-1914 and compared to
the location by the fjord, it attracts many visitors from home and
abroad during the summer period. The fjord and the river are used
especially in the summer for swimming, sailing and angling.
In 2007, Skive became associated with the Central Jutland Region and is thus the northernmost market town in this region. Distances to other cities are: Viborg (regional capital) 29 kilometers, Nykøbing Mors 30, Struer 36, Holstebro 40, Hobro 51, Herning 51, Aalborg 92 and Aarhus 94.
Skive was first mentioned as Skyuæ in 1231 and was a
crown property in the 13th century. The town privilege received
Skive in the year 1326. It was 1443 by King Christoph III. approved.
Since 1660 the city belonged to the official municipality Viborg
Amt. In 1672 it had 569 inhabitants. City fires devastated Skive in
1715, 1725, 1748 and 1749. The February flood of 1825 created a
canal between the Limfjord and the North Sea, which gave Skive
access to maritime trade and a port.
As a result of industrialization - many smaller businesses in the food and textile industries emerged - the number of inhabitants doubled to over 6,000 in the second half of the 19th century. One of the larger companies was Skive Jærnstøberi og Maskinfabrik (A / S Gyro), which launched a legendary unicycle trailer in 1934. was used as a camping trailer.
Since the official communes were dissolved in 2007, Skive has belonged to the Midtjylland region.
Skive was connected to the railroad in 1864. Skive station is on the Langå – Struer railway line.
In Krabbesholm near Skive there are two 30-40 meters long, 12-15 meters wide and up to one meter thick Køkkenmøddinger at the foot of a south-facing hill. Finds were sent from here to the National Museum in 1831. These are the earliest known finds of a Danish Køkkenmødding. An excavation in 1889 showed that the layers at the bottom, marked by oyster shells, differed from those in the upper part with cockles. The oldest layer comes from the Ertebølle culture (4800 to 4000 BC) The upper layer comes from the subsequent funnel cup culture (TBK) 4000 to 2700 BC.
Culture and sights
The Vor Frue Kirke dates from around 1200 and was decorated with wall paintings (figures of saints) in the 16th century, which were uncovered again in the 19th century. The new church in Skive was built in 1896–98. The Skive Museum, founded in 1942, presents archaeological finds and cultural assets from all eras, among other things. Pictures by Per Kirkeby and Jens Søndergaard. Southwest of Skive is the Hjerl Hede open-air museum, where you can visit historic houses from the 16th to 19th centuries. Spøttrup Castle is to the northwest. The home folk high school Krabbesholm Højskole was founded in 1886; its seat is the Krabbesholm manor, built in the 16th century.
An important music festival has been held in Skive every year since 2008. The city also has a harness racing track.