Jõhvi is a city in northeastern Estonia, the capital of Ida-Virumaa county. From 1918 to 1940 it had the status of a city in the Republic of Estonia, then from 1940 to 1991 it was part of the Estonian SSR, in the period from 1941 to 1944 Jõhvi was occupied by German troops. Currently it is the rural municipality and county center of the Republic of Estonia.
Origin of the city name
The name was interpreted in different ways, the people believed that it comes from the word "jõhvikas" (in Estonian "cranberry"), but there is no linguistic confirmation of this. In the 1930s, local historian H. Kurba proposed to associate it with the word "jõevesi" (translated as "river water") because of the spring in the center of the city, which gave the name to one of the Pyhajõe tributaries. Finnish linguist L. Kettunen decided to use the word "jõhv" (in translation "horsehair") as a basis, which is by far the most recognized version. It is also possible that the origin of the name Jõhvi is related to the word "jõhvuss" ("hairy").
For the first time, the issue of the coat of arms and the flag of the city was raised on December 2, 1938 at a meeting of the city council, at the same time the projects developed by the Union of Estonian Cities were approved. But due to the accession of Estonia to the Soviet Union, the official approval of the flag and coat of arms by the President of the Republic of Estonia did not take place.
After the collapse of the USSR and the formation of Estonia, Jõhvi received the status of a city and its own coat of arms and flag, which were approved on July 20, 1992 by the Government of the Republic and are the official symbols of the city to this day. The coat of arms has a shield-like shape and is divided into two parts. The lower part has a green base, which, looking from right to left, depicts a golden deer head with a red tongue protruding from the mouth. The upper part of the coat of arms is represented by a red background with the image of 3 silver firs.
The flag of the city is a rectangular panel with a width-to-length ratio of 1: 2, consisting of five stripes of white-green color. Along the edges and center of the flag there are white stripes 1/7 wide, and between them - green stripes 2/7 wide.