Mustvee, until 1923 Černý Posad, Černo, Černa, Černé Gory - an intravail town in Jõgevamaa County, Estonia. Before the administrative-territorial reform of 2017, it was an independent city municipality and was not part of any volost, after the reform it became the administrative center of Mustvee volost.



The first written records of the village of Chorna (Mustut) on the shores of Lake Peipsi date back to 1493. Before the formation of a permanent settlement, there were temporary fishing houses of the peasants of the village of Tyahkvere and others.

Mustvee is one of the centers of the Old Believers in Estonia. Already at the beginning of the 18th century, the village was inhabited mainly by Russian Old Believers - Fedoseevites and Pomors, who fled from persecution for their faith. The Old Believer community of the Pomor accord exists in Mustvee even now. The life of local Old Believers can be found in the City Museum. At the beginning of the 19th century, there were 371 houses in the village, and the number of inhabitants reached more than 1900 people.

On the military topographic maps of the Russian Empire (1846-1863), which included the Estland province, the settlement is designated as Black.

In 1802, a wooden prayer house was built here by the merchant Joachim Goryushkin.

At the beginning of the 20th century, there were seven church buildings in the Black Posad. Four of them have survived: the Church of St. Nicholas (the Estonian Orthodox Church of the Moscow Patriarchate), the Trinity Church (formerly of the same faith), the Old Believer Church and the Lutheran Church. There is also a Baptist prayer house in the city.

Mustvee received the status of a town in 1938.

The city has repeatedly suffered in large fires: in 1918, 120 houses burned down, in the summer of 1944 (mainly due to massive air attacks) almost 70% of buildings were destroyed.

In 1950-1959 Mustvee was the center of Mustvee region.

On 2 April 2013 Mustvee City Council elected Tallinn City Council Deputy Max Kaur as mayor.

On December 18, 2014, the opening ceremony of the new passenger port in Mustvee, built with financial support from the structural funds of the European Union, took place. The port in Mustvee is not only new prospects for economic cooperation between the Russian and Estonian border regions, but also an important factor in the system of relations between the EU and the Russian Federation.

It is known that at the beginning of the 20th century, the steamer Tsarevich Alexander approached the berths of the “capital of the Estonian whimsical”, and in the mid-1960s, the “Rockets” - hydrofoil vessels plying between Mustvee, Tartu and Pskov.