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Helsinki Cathedral (Helsingin Tuomiokirkko) (Helsinki)

Helsinki Cathedral (Helsingin Tuomiokirkko) (Helsinki)

Helsinki Cathedral is most prominent feature of the central part of the Finnish capital. It is an Evangelical Lutheran Church that belongs to the Diocese of Helsinki. Cathedral stands on a site of an older and smaller Ulrika Eleonora Church dedicated to patroness of Helsinki Saint Ulrika Eleonora, Queen of Sweden. Archaeological digs around Helsinki Cathedral and Senate Square yielded many artefacts of human burials suggesting there once was a cemetery around original church.

 

 

 

Location: Kruunnunhaka, Helsinki

 

 

 

Helsinki Cathedral was erected between 1830 and 1852 under supervision of German architect Carl Ludvig Engel and later Ernst Lohrmann. As Finland was part of the Russian Empire at the time it is evident that construction of Saint Isaac's Cathedral in a Russian capital of Saint Petersburg clearly influence the design of the Helsinki Cathedral. It was designed in neo- classical architectural style in a traditional Greek cross layout. Outside of the Lutheran church has statues of saints and its magnificent dome is supported by Corinthian columns. The interior of the church, however, is more spartan. It lacks any flamboyant frescoes or significant interior design. However it has several beautiful statues of 16th century Protestant reformers including Martin Luther, Philipp Melanchthon and Mikael Agricola who make famous as a first translator of the Bible into Finnish language from Latin. The crypt below Helsinki Cathedral today is open to the public. It is occasionally used for concerts and various exhibitions.

Helsinki Cathedral (Helsingin Tuomiokirkko)

 

Originally Cathedral was known as Saint Nicholas Church, patron saint of Grand Duke of Finland and Russian Tsar Nicholas I. Russian emperor also ordered adding statues of various Christian saints to the roof of the building. He also provided a huge sum of 2.6 million rubles to support construction of a main Lutheran Cathedral of the city. However after Russian Revolution of 1917 and subsequent independence of Finland it was simply became known as Helsinki Cathedral.

 

Helsinki Cathedral can seat over 1300 people and every year it is visited by over half a million of tourists, half of them from abroad.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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